Department of Bolívar

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coat of arms
Capital Cartagena
governor Vicente Antonio Blel (2020-2023)
surface 25,978 km²
Population  (Total)
 - 2005 Census
 -  Population Density
72 inhabitants / km²
urbanization 64.2%
Literacy rate 82.1%
Number of parishes 39
Popular name bolivariense
Important cities Cartagena , El Carmen de Bolívar , Magangué , Mompox
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Location of Bolívar in Colombia

The Departamento de Bolívar is a Colombian department . It is located in the northern region of the country, bordering the Caribbean Sea and Colombia's largest river, the Rio Magdalena . The watercourse also represents the border to the departments of Magdalena , Santander and Cesar .


The name Bolívar pays homage to Simón Bolívar , the liberator of Colombia . Simón Bolívar is revered as the "father of the homeland" ( Padre de la Patria ). Its capital is Cartagena de Indias , with a historic center and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since November 1984 .


Bolívar has a diverse landscape. The topography is low, swampy and undulating. The department covers four zones: the Magdalena Delta, the San Jacinto and San Jerónimo mountain ranges, the Mompós depression and the San Lucas mountain range. Extensive pastures indicate widespread animal husbandry and the industry has focused on processing agricultural products.

The petrochemical industry is exploring oil and gas fields in the Caribbean Sea. Bolívar has mineral resources including gold, silver, coal and sea salt on the coast. Forest exploitation and oil production are also important. In addition to Cartagena , Mompós has become famous as a heritage site with colonial architecture on the banks of the Magdalena River.

Administrative division

The Department of Bolívar consists of 46 municipalities (municipios) . For the full list of municipalities, see the List of Municipios in the Department of Bolívar .

Individual evidence

  1. PATRIMONIO CULTURAL> CARTAGENA DE INDIAS, accessed on March 16, 2020 (Spanish)
  2. En 15 municipios de Bolívar se explorará para buscar hidrocarburos, from May 25, 2017 (Spanish)

Web links