Thursday


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The Thursday , bairisch also Pfinztag originally fifth is ( church latin . Quinta Feria ), internationally standardized by counting in accordance with ISO 8601 , the Monday defines as beginning of the week, the fourth and mean day of the week .

etymology

Thursday was assigned to the Babylonians, their main god Marduk ; When the oriental weekday names were adopted into Greek, it was translated as ἡμέρα Διός hēméra Diós 'day of Zeus ' and then in Latin as Jovis Dies 'day of Jupiter ', which is continued in most Romance languages , for example in French jeudi , Spanish jueves , Italian giovedì . In Germanic Jupiter was the god of thunder Thor / Thor equated, thereby ahd.  Donrestac in Notker toniristac , medium Dutch donresdach , Old Frisian Thunersdei , North Frisian Tuers dei , English Thursday , Danish Torsdag explain. The name as appears in Hindi गुरुवार guruvār , Teacher's Day 'or बृहस्पतिवार bṛhaspativār , day of Brihaspati ', a deity regarded as teacher of the gods and with the planet Jupiter is identified.

Another common motif for naming is the position as the fifth day of the week. Accordingly, the day is called in Hebrew, for example יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי jom chamischi , in church Latin quinta feria > Portuguese quinta-feira , Greek Greek πέμπτη ἡμέρα pémptē hēméra , fifth day '; This Greek form of the name leads, possibly through Gothic mediation, to Bavarian Pfinztag .

In the Swiss canton of Valais Thursday was to be made because of that day drudgery also Frontag called. In Switzerland, Thursday was also until the 18th century Donnstag called.

Special Thursdays

There are several moving holidays that always fall on a Thursday. Maundy Thursday is the day of remembrance for the Last Supper, described in the Bible, of Christ with his disciples on the eve of Good Friday . According to the Bible, Ascension Day took place on the 40th day after Easter , i.e. on the penultimate Thursday before Pentecost . The Catholic feast of Corpus Christi is liturgically connected to Maundy Thursday and therefore also takes place on Thursday, namely on the second after Pentecost. The Thursday before Ash Wednesday as Weiberfastnacht , Fat Thursday or Schmotziger Thursday is regionally an important turning point in the carnival season.

From 1989 to 1996, Long Thursday was a service evening on Thursdays that did not fall on public holidays, a first attempt to liberalize the law on closing time . In 1929, the New York stock market crash began on Black Thursday . In the German Navy and Merchant Navy , Thursday is considered a Sailor Sunday .

In the ZDF ran from the 1970s until the 1990s, the infomercial showcase on Thursday . In the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation ran from 2002 to 2012 Thursday night , since the laying on the Tuesday evening's program rail DIE.NACHT . From 2004 to 2010 and 2011 respectively, the satirical late-night show Dorfers Donnerstalk ran on ORF eins and 3sat on Thursdays.

In Germany, the new theatrical films usually open on Thursdays (usually on Tuesdays in the USA; software manufacturers also publish their updates [e.g. for Windows] and new programs often on Tuesdays).

Happy Thursday (1954) is a novel by John Steinbeck . Thursday (1964) is a Commedia all'italiana by Dino Risi .

literature

Web links

Commons : Thursday  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Thursday  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Thursday. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 2 : Beer murderer – D - (II). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1860 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
  2. a b Thursday in Duden , accessed September 25, 2018
  3. ^ Hans Jacob Leu : General Helvetisches, Eydgenößisches, or Schweitzerisches Lexicon , Volume 14. Verlag Hans Ulrich Denzler, Zurich 1758, p. 415.
  4. ^ Maundy Thursday: Origin, name and meaning in Augsburger Allgemeine , March 29, 2018, accessed September 25, 2018.
  5. John Steinbeck twice . In: Die Zeit , No. 52/1955.