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Elbistan (Turkey)
Red pog.svg
Basic data
Province (il) : Kahramanmaraş
Coordinates : 38 ° 12 '  N , 37 ° 11'  E Coordinates: 38 ° 12 '5 "  N , 37 ° 11' 18"  E
Height : 1150  m
Residents : 142,168 (2014)
Telephone code : (+90) 344
Postal code : 46300
License plate : 46
Structure and administration (as of 2019)
Mayor : Mehmet Gürbüz ( AKP )
Elbistan County
Residents : 142,168 (2014)
Surface: 2,319 km²
Population density : 61 inhabitants per km²
Kaymakam : Tuncay Akkoyun
Website (Kaymakam):
Template: Infobox location in Turkey / maintenance / district

Elbistan ( Kurdish : Albistan ) is the second largest district in the Turkish province of Kahramanmaraş . The population is around 142,168 people (2014). For the most part, Alevi Kurds (Sina Milî, Alxasî and Atmî tribes) live in the district. In the 1960s and 1970s, many citizens of the city and the district emigrated to Europe as guest workers or politically persecuted .

The largest town in the district of Elbistan is Demircilik with 1,493 inhabitants and its own dialect. Around 3,500 people in the town are now the second generation to live abroad or in larger cities in Turkey such as Istanbul or Ankara .


Elbistan lies at an altitude of 1150 m above sea level on the Sögütlü brook, which is a source of the Ceyhan , in a wide, water-rich plain. The plain is surrounded by the Taurus Mountains . The Şar Dagı with a height of 1300 m is located near the city. In ancient times the city of Arabissos (today's Afşin ) was the center of the plain.


At the end of the Bronze Age , Elbistan was part of Kizzuwatna as Lawazantiza and was finally incorporated into the Hittite Empire under Šuppiluliuma I (approx. 1355-1320 BC) .

With the decline of the city of Arabissos , which was destroyed by the Hamdanids in the 10th century , the importance of Elbistan in the region grew. In the Middle Ages the city was called Ablasta (Armenian: Աբլաստա), from which the current name developed. After the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 Ablasta was part of the dominion of the former Byzantine general Philaretus Brachamius , who tried from Germanikeia (Kahramanmaraş) to hold together the remnants of the empire in the southwest. Between 1097 and 1105, Ablasta belonged to the Crusaders . Later Ablasta / Elbistan often switched between the Danischmenden , the Seljuks of Rum and the Principality of Antioch until it became part of the Seljuk Empire in 1201.

In 1277 the Mamluks of Egypt defeated the Chupanids from Iran here. From 1339 Elbistan was the capital of the Dulkadir dynasty . The city of Elbistan was sacked and destroyed by Timur in 1400 and by the Iranian Safavids in 1507 . In 1515 the Ottomans conquered Elbistan. Elbistan remained Ottoman until 1923.


Web links

Commons : Elbistan  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Turkish Institute for Statistics. ( Memento from July 11, 2015 in the Internet Archive )