Ernst-Friedrich Pfeiffer

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Ernst-Friedrich Pfeiffer (born April 10, 1922 in Frankfurt am Main ; † January 23, 1997 in Ulm ) was a German university professor for internal medicine and endocrinology .


Pfeiffer studied medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , the Ruprecht Karls University in Heidelberg and the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main . In 1948 he graduated as Dr. med. In the meantime he was a soldier in the Wehrmacht in Russia and Italy and on Crete. He completed further training as an internist with Franz Volhard and Ferdinand Hoff . He was also with Willy Rubin in Switzerland and with George W. Thorn and Elliott P. Joslin at Harvard Medical School .

In 1956 he completed his habilitation in Frankfurt. After becoming an adjunct professor in 1961 , he received appointments to chairs in New York City, Frankfurt am Main and Ulm in 1963 and 1966 . From 1967 to 1990 he was head of department for the internal medicine , endocrinology , metabolism , immunology and nephrology sections at the Ulm University Hospital . From 1982 to 1990 he was director of the medical clinic and polyclinic. In the 1970s he was also chairman of the hospital board, from 1975 to 1979 he was also dean of the clinical-medical faculty and rector of the university.

He was visiting professor at the University of Cairo (1961), the Université libre de Bruxelles (1965), the University of Cambridge (1970) and the University of London (1973).

From Pfeiffer's marriage in 1948, daughter Ulrike (* 1951) and son Andreas Pfeiffer (* 1953) emerged.

Scientific work

Pfeiffer's areas of expertise included the mechanism of action of oral anti-diabetic drugs, autoimmunological (rheumatic) kidney diseases and the function of the pituitary and adrenal cortex . Not least, he gained international recognition for his research into the development of an artificial endocrine pancreas , which he called the Ulmer Sugar Clock .

Pfeiffer was publisher and editor-in-chief of international journals for endocrinology and diabetes, member of the various editorial boards of German and international journals and editor of the First International Manual of Diabetes Mellitus . His scientific work was reflected in over 500 publications.

The German Diabetes Society (DDG) has been awarding the Ernst Pfeiffer Prize for outstanding research on type 1 diabetes since 1998 .

In 1986 he founded the non-profit Institute for Diabetes Technology (IDT) at Ulm University. Here he developed the Ulm sugar clock . The “Diabetes Center Ulm” network founded in 1990 also goes back to Pfeiffer.



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Werner Scherbaum: Professor Dr. med. Drs. Hc Ernst-Friedrich Pfeiffer (1922–1997) (1997) ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Habilitation thesis: The importance of animal glomerulonephritis for understanding human nephritis pathogenesis .
  3. Andreas Pfeiffer ( Memento from September 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive )