Ernst Bosch

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Ernst Bosch, photo Arnold Overbeck , Gebr. G. & A. Overbeck in Düsseldorf

Ernst Bosch (born March 23, 1834 in Krefeld , † March 22, 1917 in Düsseldorf ) was a German painter, draftsman and graphic artist and representative of narrative painting at the Düsseldorf School of Painting .


Ernst Bosch was born in Krefeld as the son of the lithographer Jakob Bosch from Hechingen , Württemberg, and his wife Wilhelmine, née Hüskes, but grew up in Wesel . Here he attended grammar school up to secondary school, including with the painter Hendik Lot, who worked as a drawing teacher . He became friends with the later painters Ernst von Bernuth , Ludwig Hugo Becker and Ernst von Raven, among others . In 1850 he became a private student of the history painter Josef Schex (1819-1894) from Wesel, who introduced him to oil painting . From 1851 to 1856 he studied at the Düsseldorf Art Academy with Karl Ferdinand Sohn (Antikensaal), in the painting class of Theodor Hildebrandt and finally in the master class of the academy director Wilhelm von Schadow . After completing his studies, he became a member of the Association of Düsseldorf Artists for Mutual Support and Assistance , of which he was first chairman from 1892 to 1904, the Kunstverein and the artists' association Malkasten . In 1861 he married Bertha Havenith, a stepdaughter of his former teacher Josef Schex, sister of the painter Hugo Havenith and sister-in-law of the painter Karl Joseph Litschauer . He settled in Düsseldorf and lived at Rosenstrasse 35 next to Litschauer (house number 37) and Schex (house number 39). The painter Wilhelm Eckstein became the husband of his daughter Else in 1898 . In 1894, Bosch founded the Malkasten Archive. He died of heart failure on the eve of his 83rd birthday. He was buried in the Düsseldorf North Cemetery.

Ernst Bosch: The shot forester , 1853
Ernst Bosch: A budding Michelangelo , 1858 (formerly Galerie Paffrath, Düsseldorf)
Ernst Bosch , self-portrait 1910


As a high school student and then as a private student of Josef Schex, Bosch devoted himself to drawings, including illustrations for Cooper's leather stockings . He also painted the portraits of his brothers, some relatives and friends. In the course of his studies, around 1853/54, he created the small oil paintings Inside St. Martin in Bilk and Keller of the old art academy , which are now in the Düsseldorf City Museum. This was followed in 1854 by the paintings The Surreptitious Traders and Defense of a Log House Against Indians by Colonists (purchased by the Kunstverein), the portrait of his friend Hubert Salentin (Düsseldorf, Art Museum) and The Grave of the Postilion (Frankfurt / Main, Bundespostmuseum). The compositions Fähre beim Eisgang (1854), The Hunting Accident (1855), The Alchemist's Room (1857) and A Budding Michelangelo (1858) were shown in exhibitions and positively discussed . The different versions of Fern der Heimat (a sleeping Savoyard boy discovered by children) and Der Ritt durch Wasser (a child on a large dog ) were successful, especially through their reproduction as etchings and wood engravings in the popular magazines Gartenlaube , Daheim and others ) The thieves school and The buffalo shepherd (1862), The tinker (1865), children at Christmas Get (1868), The painter at the edge of the forest (a socket in the Museum Wesel) and many others. Bosch, who was a lifelong friend of the painters Hubert Salentin, Friedrich Hiddemann , Christian Eduard Böttcher , Hermann Werner , Carl Thiel and others, took his subjects from bourgeois and rural life in an idealizing way and tried to find emotional values ​​such as joy and sorrow, home and the like to visualize. In addition, compositions based on models from literature (Werther, Hermann and Dorothea; fairy tales by the Brothers Grimm: Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood) as well as numerous portraits and many depictions of dogs were created. Bosch created etchings and lithographs for portfolios and as single sheets. He created the text illustrations for numerous books, including Wilhelm Raabe's Die Chronik der Sperlingsgasse , which appeared in innumerable editions. Ernst Bosch showed his work mainly at exhibitions in Düsseldorf and Berlin, but also in Bremen, Hamburg, Munich and The Hague. In 1873 he was represented with the picture poachers in the art exhibition of the Vienna World Exhibition and was awarded a medal. In 1876 he received another award for his painting On the Pasture in the art exhibition of the World's Fair in Philadelphia. An exhibition of his posthumous work took place in 1917 in the Städtische Kunsthalle in Düsseldorf.

Other works

  • Self-Portrait (1852), Düsseldorf, City Museum
  • The poacher on the dead forester's corpse (1853)
  • Colonists' defense of a log house against Indians (2nd version 1855), Terra Foundation for American Art, Chicago, Illinois
  • Far From Home (1865), Milwaukee Art Center, Wisconsin, USA, René von Schleinitz Collection
  • A Country Mailman (1869)
  • A horse trade (1869); as a wood engraving: Collections of the Jewish Museum Berlin, Inv.-No .: 2004/136/3
  • Study from the Angertal (around 1875), Düsseldorf, Art Museum
  • Hermann watched by his mother and Hermann and Dorothea at the fountain (1875), Hamburg, Kunsthalle
  • Portrait of Kommerzienrat Peter August Bagel / Portrait Caroline Bagel, b. Uhlenbruch (1880)
  • Portrait of Kaiser Wilhelm I / Portrait of Kaiser Friedrich III. (1889), Bielefeld, Kunsthalle
  • Portrait of Prince Karl II of Isenburg-Birstein with the Golden Fleece (1894), Birstein, Upper Hesse, Castle
  • Feed kitchen in Bruttig on the Moselle (around 1899), Düsseldorf, Art Museum
  • Portraits of the painters Clemens Bewer , Christian Eduard Böttcher , Johann Peter Hasenclever , Friedrich Hiddemann , Theodor Hildebrandt , Carl Wilhelm Hübner , Alfred Metzener , Caspar Scheuren , Adolf Schmitz , Adolf Schrödter , Adolph Tidemand , August Weber as well as the music director Julius Tausch , all Düsseldorf, Artists' association Malkasten

Illustrations (selection)

  • Gustav Wendt (Ed.): German ballad treasure . Grote'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Berlin 1867
  • Friedrich Bodenstedt (Ed.): Album of German art and poetry. With woodcuts based on the artist's original drawings , made by R. Brend'amour . Berlin 1867
  • Gustav Weise (Ed.): Various serenades. In: German picture sheets for young and old , 1st series, Stuttgart 1868
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Hermann and Dorothea : Diamond edition. G. Grote'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Berlin 1868 (digitized edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf)
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: The west-east divan . G. Grote'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Berlin 1870
  • Wilhelm Hauff: Works in 4 volumes , ed. by Adolf Stern. Berlin 1878
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Works in 4 volumes , ed. by H. Düntzer, Vol. 1 and 3. Deutsche Verlagsanstalt Stuttgart and Leipzig 1880
  • Wilhelm Raabe: The Chronicle of the Sperlingsgasse . G. Grote'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Berlin (around) 1880
  • Karl Immermann: Münchhausen , ed. by A. Strodtmann in 2 volumes. G. Grote'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Berlin 1882

Own writings

  • Autobiography. Manuscript no year (Düsseldorf, Malkasten archive)
  • Life memories . Manuscript no year (Düsseldorf, Malkasten archive)
  • Handwritten letter to Fritz Boser, 1871 (Vienna, Austrian National Library)
  • Handwritten letter to Albert Becker, 1893 (Bonn, University Library)
  • Handwritten letter to Hubert Salentin, 1907 (Düsseldorf, Malkasten archive)


  • Bernhard Endrulat: An imperial festival in the "Malkasten" in Düsseldorf. With 11 original woodcut drawings . Voss, Düsseldorf 1878. Digitized edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Hermann Alexander Müller (Ed.): Biographical Artist Lexicon. The most famous contemporaries in the field of fine arts of all countries with details of their works . Bibliographical Institute Leipzig 1882
  • Friedrich von Boetticher : painter works of the 19th century. Contribution to art history I-1. Dresden 1891
  • Hermann Degener (Ed.): Who is it? Our contemporaries. 2nd edition, Leipzig 1906
  • Bosch, Ernst . In: Ulrich Thieme , Felix Becker (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists from Antiquity to the Present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker. tape 4 : Bida – Brevoort . Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig 1910, p. 386 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
  • Dressler's art manual 1911
  • Friedrich Jansa (Hrsg.): German visual artists in words and pictures . Leipzig 1912
  • Karl Krummacher: Ernst Bosch and the Düsseldorf romanticism. In: Westermanns Monatshefte, Vol. 125, I, 1917, Issue 747, pp. 249–262 (Fig.)
  • Hans Wolfgang Singer (Ed.): General artist lexicon. Life and works of the most famous visual artists , prepared by Hermann Alexander Müller. Literary Institute Rütten & Loening, Frankfurt / Main 1921, Vol. 1 and Vol. 5 (supplements)
  • Hermann Christern (Ed.): German Biographical Yearbook . Berlin 1928, vol. 2, p. 649
  • Paul Horn: Düsseldorf graphics in old and new times . Writings from the Düsseldorf Art Museum. Düsseldorf 1928.
  • A. Bagel (Ed.): 100 years of the Malkasten artists' association . Düsseldorf 1948
  • Life memories (1917), in: Heimatspiegel. Weekly supplement of the local newspaper. General report for Wesel, Rees district and Lower Rhine. Wesel 1952
  • Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists of the XX. Century . Volume 5 (Supplements). EA Seemann, Leipzig 1961.
  • 100 years of GHalerie G. Paffrath . Düsseldorf 1967
  • Ute Immel: The German genre painting in the 19th century . Phil. Diss. Heidelberg 1967
  • Irene Markowitz (arrangement): The Düsseldorf School of Painting . Vol. 2: Painting. Düsseldorf 1969 (ill.)
  • Emmanuel Bénézit (ed.): Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays . Vol. 2, 1976
  • Wolfgang Hütt : The Düsseldorf School of Painting 1819–1869 . Leipzig 1984
  • PhilipHook (Ed.): Popular 19th Century Painting. A Dictionary of European Genrepainters. Woodbridge, Sussex 1987
  • Siegfried Weiß : Ernst Bosch (1834–1917), life and work: on Düsseldorf painting of the 2nd half of the 19th century . Diss. Univ. Munich 1992
  • Hans Ries: Illustrations and Illustrators 1871–1914. The range of images from the Wilhelminian era. History and aesthetics of the original and printing techniques. International lexicon of illustrators Bibliography of their work in German-language books and magazines, on picture sheets and blackboards . H. Th. Wenner, Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-87898-329-8 .
  • General Artist Lexicon (AKL), Vol. 13, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1996. ISBN 978-3-598-22753-0
  • Hans Paffrath (Ed.): Lexicon of the Düsseldorf School of Painting 1819–1918. Volume 1: Abbema – Gurlitt. Published by the Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf in the Ehrenhof and by the Paffrath Gallery. Bruckmann, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-7654-3009-9 (Fig.).

Web links

Commons : Ernst Bosch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rosenstrasse No. 35 Bosch, painter; No. 37 Litschauer, painter; No. 39 Schex, painter , in the address book of the Lord Mayor's Office in Düsseldorf, 1865, p. 46