Ferdinand August von Lobkowitz
Ferdinand August Leopold von Lobkowitz ( Czech Ferdinand z Lobkowicz ) (born September 7, 1655 in Neustadt an der Waldnaab ; † October 3, 1715 in Vienna ) was a Bohemian nobleman and diplomat and from 1677 Duke of Sagan .
He was the eldest son of Wenzel Eusebius von Lobkowicz and his second wife Auguste Sophie von Pfalz-Sulzbach . Since his mother, who remained Protestant , could not follow her husband to Catholic Vienna, he and his siblings were born in the Upper Palatinate .
He was also the owner of the Imperial Immediate Fürsteten Grafschaft Störnstein , to which u. a. Neustadt an der Waldnaab and the possessions of the named Störnstein Castle also belonged. As such, like his father, he had a seat and vote in the Imperial Council of Dukes . The Lobkowitz House was ranked on the Perpetual Reichstag according to the alternantium scheme in the Princely College between the Princely Houses of Hohenzollern and Salm .
Since he, as Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, did not want to recognize the Elector of Bavaria Maximilian II Emanuel as overlord, he took the Schönsee estate from him in the Upper Palatinate . But as he to continue the war on the Rhine in 1676 an amount of 190,000 fl donated, he received in 1710 during the Spanish War of Succession after the proscription on the elector Max Emanuel the reigns Wertingen and High rich in Swabia as an Austrian fief ; but he lost it again in 1713 after the peace treaty with France , without receiving any compensation.
From 1691 to 1700 he was principal commissioner ( principal-commissarius ) representative of the emperor at the Reichstag , especially the Perpetual Reichstag in Regensburg . Between 1699 and 1708 he was the chief steward of the imperial wife Wilhelmine Amalie .
Buildings, patronage, musicians
1679 was Castle Lobkovice in under him Lobkovice , the origin of the Lobkowicz , newly built. The design for the castle is by Antonio della Porta .
The New Castle in Neustadt an der Waldnaab was built between 1698 and 1717 under Ferdinand August . Here he also had the chaplain's house converted into a Capuchin hospice. This was abolished in 1806, but was re-established as a Curatbenefician by King Ludwig I of Bavaria in 1826 , whose owners are allowed to live in the former monastery buildings.
He himself was also a patron of art, so the St. Quirin Church (Püchersreuth) , built between 1678 and 1680, goes back to him; He also donated a horseshoe-shaped acanthus altar for this pilgrimage church , in which a double coat of arms of the princes of Lobkowitz and the margraves of Baden-Baden (his second wife's family of origin) is incorporated.
Since the Empress Wilhelmine Amalie was very enthusiastic about art, he met the most famous instrumentalists of his time at the Viennese court . He himself was considered one of the accomplished amateurs for lute music . The court lutenist of Prince Eugene of Savoy , Jacques de Saint-Luc , dedicated works for lute solo and for lute trio to him .
Marriages and offspring
Ferdinand August fathered 13 children, six sons and seven daughters. The eldest Philip Hyacinth inherited the majority from the sons ; the second surviving son, Joseph Anton August, is known to have participated in the war; the third son, Johann Georg Christian , is the founder of the second or younger princely branch of the Lobkowitz family. The other sons and five daughters died at a young age. Two daughters married into high-ranking aristocratic families, u. between Amalia Magdalena in the Princely House of Schwarzenberg and Luise in the House of Thurn und Taxis .
In his first marriage, on July 18, 1677 in Hadamar , he married Countess Claudia Franziska von Nassau-Hadamar (1660–1680). The following children were born from this marriage:
- Eleonora von Lobkowicz (1678–1678)
- Leopold Kristian von Lobkowicz (1679–1680)
Phillip Hyacinth von Lobkowitz (1680–1737)
- ∞ on October 17, 1703 marriage to Eleonore Katharina Charlotte von Lobkowitz-Bilin (1685–1720)
- ∞ on August 25, 1721 in Vienna, marriage to Maria Wilhelmine Countess Althann (1703–1754),
In his second marriage, on July 17, 1680, he married Princess Marie Anne Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden (1655–1702). Were children from this marriage
- Josef Antonin von Lobkowicz (1681–1717)
Eleonore Elisabeth Amalia Magdalena von Lobkowicz (1682–1741)
- ∞ January 20, 1750 in Regensburg Adam Franz Karl zu Schwarzenberg , Duke of Krumau (1680–1732)
- Maria Ludovika Anna von Lobkowicz (1683–1750)
- ∞ on January 10, 1703 with Anselm Franz von Thurn und Taxis
- Ferdinand von Lobkowicz (1685–1727)
- Jiri Kristian von Lobkowicz (1686–1755)
- Hedvika von Lobkowicz (1688–1689)
- Augusta von Lobkowicz (1690–1692)
- Karel von Lobkowicz (1692–1700)
- Leopold von Lobkowicz (1694–?)
- Marie von Lobkowicz (1696–?)
- Eleonora von Lobkowicz (1698–?)
In his third marriage, concluded on December 3, 1703 in Vienna, he married Countess Marie Philippine von Althann (1671–1706). This marriage remains childless.
In his fourth marriage, on November 16, 1707, he married Princess Maria Johanna von Schwarzenberg (1681–1739). Children from this marriage were:
- Marie (1714-1718)
- Marie Ernestina (1715-1718)
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Lobkowitz, Ferdinand August Leopold Fürst . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 15th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1866, pp. 320–324 ( digitized version ).
- Ferdinand August von Lobkowitz in the personal data repository, DFG project of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences
- Entries on Ferdinand August von Lobkowitz in the German Digital Library , accessed on January 3, 2020.
- ↑ Wilhelm Brenner-Schäffer: History and topography of the city of Neustadt an der Waldnaab, and his rule of the former lordship of Störnstein. Negotiations of the historical association of Upper Palatinate and Regensburg, Volume 24, 1866 (reprint from 2000), p. 57.
- ↑ Instruction for Ferdinand August von Lobkowicz as the Principal Commissioner at the Imperial Diet in Regensburg, December 19, 1691 , accessed on January 2, 2020.
- ↑ Wilhelm Brenner-Schäffer: History and topography of the city of Neustadt an der Waldnab, and his rule of the former lordly county of Störnstein. Negotiations of the historical association of Upper Palatinate and Regensburg, Volume 24, 1866, p. 120.
- ^ Exhibition meeting points “Bavaria-Böhmen” St. Quirin near Püchersreuth , accessed on January 2, 2019.
- ↑ Austrian Music Lexicon online , accessed on January 2, 2019.
|SURNAME||Lobkowitz, Ferdinand August von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lobkowitz, Ferdinand August Leopold von (full name); Lobkowicz, Ferdinand z|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Bohemian nobleman, principal commissioner and chief steward|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 7, 1655|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Neustadt an der Waldnaab|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 3, 1715|
|Place of death||Vienna|