|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Středočeský kraj|
|Area :||2002 ha|
|Geographic location :||50 ° 16 ' N , 14 ° 31' E|
|Height:||162 m nm|
|Residents :||16,163 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||277 11|
|License plate :||S.|
Prague – Turnov
Kralupy nad Vltavou – Neratovice
|Mayor :||Miroslav Lid (as of 2006)|
Neratovice ( Eng. Neratowitz ) is a city in the Czech Republic in the Central Bohemian Elbe lowlands about 20 kilometers north of Prague in Okres Mělník . It lies opposite the confluence of the Košátecký potok in the Elbe at an altitude of 170 meters above sea level. NN and currently has about 16,500 inhabitants.
The area has been continuously inhabited since the Copper Age. A first written mention comes from the year 1227 . At that time Neratowitz belonged to the place Lobkowitz (Lobkovice).
Neratovice grew up mainly because of the railway connection. In 1865 rail traffic between Kralup on the Vltava ( Kralupy nad Vltavou ) and Turnau ( Turnov ) was started. After the opening of the Neratowitz Railway on September 10, 1872 , the direct connection between Neratowitz and Prague belonging to the Turnau-Kralup-Prague Railway , an important railway junction was established here in a historically short time , which led to the settlement of industrial companies. In 1898 a factory for the production of soaps, candles and oils was founded here, and in 1905 a chemical company. The Czech chemical company Aussiger Verein (Spolek) founded the Spolana chemical plant in Neratovice in the 1930s .
During and after the Second World War, further chemical plants were built. 1957 Neratovice was raised to the city. The city became twinned with Radeberg in 1972 during the tenure of Mayor Vladimir Čermak ( honorary citizen of Radeberg since 1987).
When the Elbe floods in 2002 , the Spolana chemical plant was also flooded. The contaminated sites there ( mercury and dioxins ) represent one of the biggest environmental problems in the Czech Republic .
Lobkovice (German Lobkowitz ) is located southeast on the edge of the city with a preserved village center. At the beginning of the 14th century there was a small place here, bought by Nicholas the Poor of Újezd (Mikuláš Chudý z Újezda). He united them with Libiš (Libiš) and Obříství. They became his first manor, which he later called Hassenstein von Lobkowicz (Hasištejnský z Lobkovic). He was the founder of one of the most important noble families in Bohemia. The Lobkowicz family had an important place in the history of Bohemia and Austria-Hungary .
A castle was built in the village in 1679. It was designed by Antonio della Porta . The original palace was sold in 1829, but was bought back in 1897 for reasons of prestige.
- Baroque chapel of St. Adalbert from the second half of the 17th century
- Lobkovice Castle in Lobkovice
- In the Libiše district there is a Gothic cemetery church with wall paintings and a seven-part folding altar. It was created by Petr Lůtka in 1391.
- Černínovsko Nature Reserve near Libiše
- Ljuba Hermannová (1913–1996), actress
- Olga Fikotová (* 1932), athlete
- František Palacký (1798–1876), historian, wrote in Lobkovice from 1852 to 1860 “History of the Bohemian and Moravian People”.
- Jan Palacký (1830–1908), geographer. Both are buried in the cemetery of the baroque church from the 17th century.
- Václav Štech (1859–1947), writer, had his summer residence in Libiše.
- VV Štech (1885–1974), historian, spent most of his youth in Libiše.
- Byškovice (Bishkovice)
- Horňátky (Horniatek)
- Lobkovice (Lobkowitz)
- Mlékojedy (Mlikojed)
- Neratovice (Neratowitz)
- Korycany (Koritzan)
- ↑ Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- ↑ Volkswirthschaftliche Zeitung. […] (The Neratowitz Railway)… The Fatherland, August 31, 1872 ( online )
- ^ History of the railways of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Volume: 1.2. Karl Prochaska, Vienna 1898, p. 144, bottom left ( online ).