Franz von Pocci

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Franz von Pocci ( Franz Hanfstaengl , 1857)
Signature Franz von Pocci.JPG

Count Franz Ludwig Evarist Alexander von Pocci ([ pɔtʃi ]) (* March 7, 1807 in Munich ; † May 7, 1876 ​​there ) was a German draftsman, etcher, writer, musician and composer. Because of his works for the puppet and puppet theater, he was also known as the "Punch and Judy".


Franz von Pocci was the son of coming from Italy officer Count Fabrizio Evaristo of Pocci (1766-1844), who Elector Karl Theodor was entered into Bavarian services and there at the birth of Franz von Pocci to Lieutenant General and High Steward of Caroline Queen had brought . His mother was the Dresden baroness Xaveria von Posch. He studied law and became a member of the Corps Isaria in 1826 . At the age of 23 he became master of ceremonies for Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1847 he was appointed court music director and Ludwig II appointed him royal Bavarian chief chamberlain in 1864.

Pocci supported the puppet theater founder Josef Leonhard Schmid in the difficult approval process for the Munich Marionette Theater , for which Pocci created numerous puppet shows from 1858 using materials from old German folk books, fairy tales, operas and plays. On his advice, Schmid applied for the theater for children and adults.


In the bath , illustration from Der Staatshämorrhoidarius in the weekly Fliegende Blätter , 1845

The "Punch Count" wrote more than 40 puppet pieces for the puppet theater with themes from fairy tales - and legends as well as contributions to the Munich broadsheet . He was very creative and productive and left innumerable caricatures and around 600 pieces of music for posterity, for example the song If I Were a Little Bird .

His Kasperl stories entwine around the Kasperl Larifari , who is not a nice hero, but a rather ambivalent character. Larifari also has dark sides and is to be understood as an adult who has never grown up. Larifari has no parents, but is put into a golden egg by a magician and given to a hen to hatch. He never has the chance to grow up in an intact family and becomes a blender, trickster and narcissist .

One of his most important works is the Funny Comedy Booklet, which contains, among other things, the Punch and Judy stories Punch under the Wild and Punch and Judy in Turkey .

Nevertheless, Pocci is not the inventor of the puppet theater. For example, the Mr. Punch already existed in England or the Hanswurst in German-speaking countries . The figure of Larifari was created in the Salzburger Land as a crude pleasure that Pocci wanted to cultivate in his works.

Memberships and honors

From 1837 to 1875 he was a member of the casual society in Munich , for which he made many drawings and etchings.

Münsing: family grave

In Munich the Poccistraße and the adjacent underground station are named after him, in Landshut the Graf-Pocci-Weg and in Ingolstadt the Poccistraße .

On March 11, 2006, a memorial was erected in his honor in Münsing : For more than the last three decades of his life, Pocci's summer residence had been Ammerland Castle, which belongs to Münsing .

In addition, in 2007 in Munich, in front of the puppet theater, on the occasion of his 200th birthday, another monument was erected next to the entrance on Blumenstrasse. It was created by the artist Ernst Grünwald . Its shape is reminiscent of a small transportable stage. In front of a large portrait of Pocci stands the Münchner Kindl, who introduces the bowing Punch and Judy Larifari.


The estate is kept in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich and consists of large folders, three volumes and three bundles. This includes his correspondence and drawings and graphics, as well as seals. The archive of the men's club Casual Society and a collection of its publications as well as an extensive repertory are also available. Most of the estate has been digitized and included in the directory of nationally valuable archives .

On the occasion of the artist's 200th birthday, the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek presented an exhibition by the writer, draftsman and composer Pocci from July 27th to October 14th, 2007: life documents, letters, original drawings and prints from his estate.



  • Flower songs 1830
  • Songs for boys and girls 1832
  • Festival calendar in pictures and songs, spiritual and secular, ed. together with Guido Görres 1834–37
  • Snow White 1837
  • Hansel and Gretel 1838
  • Little Frieder 1838
  • Schönröslein 1838
  • Children's fairy tale by AL Grimm 1839
  • Flying leaves. 1844–1856 collaboration
  • Stories and songs with pictures 1841–45
  • Six fairy tales by Schreiber 1842
  • Old and new soldier songs 1842
  • Hunter songs 1843
  • Student songs 1844
  • Bluebeard. A fairy tale 1845.
  • Children's home in songs and pictures by Friedrich Güll 1846
  • Shadow play 1847.
  • Münchener Bilderbogen 1848–1866 (total of 29 sheets) collaboration
  • The Easter bunny. A festival for children in 1850
  • Andersen's fairy tale 1851
  • Old and new children's songs. With pictures and ways of singing ed. together with Karl von Raumer , 1852 ( urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb11161108-1 )
  • Funny picture book 1852.
  • Old and new 1855–1856
  • The state haemorrhoidarius in: Fliegende Blätter 1845, new edition Munich 1957
  • Farmhand songs 1861
  • Dance of Death 1862
  • Funny Society 1867.
  • Viola Tricolor 1876

Seals and writings

Volume 1 (1859): Prince Rosenroth and Princess Lilienweiß; Kasperl among the savages ; Heinrich von Eichenfels; Kasperl in Turkey ; Bluebeard; Kasperl as a portrait painter ; Sleeping Rose
Volume 2 (1861): Doctor Sassafras ; The Christmas letter; The three wishes; The Dove; Munzl, Puss in Boots; Prince Herbed; Kasperl as Garibaldi
Volume 3 (1869): Hansel and Grethel or the man eater ; The proud Hildegard or Asprian with the magic mirror ; The fairy tale of Little Red Riding Hood; Albert and Bertha or Punch in the sack; The magic violin; Kasperl as a prince
Volume 4 (1871): Kalasiris, the lotus flower; The shooting game ; The mysterious pie ; The seven Ravens; Happiness is blind; Forest King Laurin; The owl castle
Volume 5 (1875): Cinderella; The artesian well or Kasperl with the Leuwutschen ; Kasperl as a gymnast ; Kasperl gets rich; The magic garden (interlude); Crocodilus and Persea, or the Enchanted Cancer; Chimpanzee, the Darwin monkey
Volume 6 (1877): Undine, the mermaid; Kasperl in the Magic Flute; The inheritance ; Schuriburiburilchuribimbampuff or Kasperl as a miner (magic game in three lifts); The captured turko; King Drosselbart
  • Carbuncle 1859 (folk drama)
  • Commemorative sheets 1860
  • The true hoard 1864 (folk drama)
  • Autumn leaves 1867
  • Odoardo 1869 (Romantic shadow play)
  • Giovannina 1871 (play)


  • Flight of love 1826
  • Six German songs 1829
  • Flower songs 1832
  • The Alchymist 1832 (Court Opera) premiered in Munich in 1840
  • Six songs as a springtime greeting - Sonate fantastique 1833
  • Spring Sonata 1834
  • Picture tones for the piano - six old German Minnelongs 1835
  • Six songs (as a Christmas edition) 1836
  • Three Duets Trifolien 1838
  • Three quartets, four duets 1849


  • The Allitera Verlag, Munich, together with Monacensia , Bayerischer Staatsbibliothek and Internationaler Jugendbibliothek , are bringing out a complete edition in edition monacensia in 2007 .
  • Marianne Bernhard (Ed.): Franz Graf von Pocci. The entire print . Rogner and Bernhard, Munich 1974, ISBN 3-8077-0022-6 , ISBN 3-8077-0025-0
  • Annemarie Czettritz: Count Franz Pocci. Friend of children and the muses. Bayerische Vereinsbank, Munich, 1979
  • Michael Dirrigl: Count Franz Pocci. The Punch Count; "Drîer künege Getriuwer kameraere" . Lectura, Nuremberg 2001, ISBN 3-934772-32-3
  • Johannes Glötzner: The naked Larifari - Franz Graf von Poccis nudity satire . Edition Enhuber, Munich, 2007
  • Günter Goepfert: Franz von Pocci. From master of ceremonies to "Punch and Judy". Life and creative paths of a universal talent . Bayerland Publishing House, Dachau 1999, ISBN 3-89251-265-5
  • Stefan Jordan:  Pocci, Franz Ludwig Evarist Alexander Graf von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , pp. 552-554 ( digitized version ).
  • Anna Lucas: Franz Pocci and the children's book. With an adaptation of the shadow plays. Regensberg, Münster in W. 1929
  • Sigrid von Moisy: Count Franz Pocci (1807–1876). Writer, draftsman, composer under three kings . (Bavarian State Library, exhibition catalogs, 78). Allitera Verlag, Munich, 2007. ISBN 978-3-86520-265-9
  • Eckart Sackmann: "The state hemorrhoidarius" . In: ders. (Ed.): Deutsche Comicforschung 2007. Comicplus, Hildesheim 2006, ISBN 3-89474-168-6 , pp. 16–32.
  • Reinhard Valenta: Franz von Poccis Munich cultural rebellion. Alternative theater in the time of bourgeois realism . Ludwig, Munich 1991, ISBN 3-7787-2117-8 (also dissertation from the University of Konstanz)
  • Franz Wolter : Franz von Pocci as the Simplicissimus of Romanticism. Schmidt, Munich, 1925
  • Hyacinth HollandPocci, Franz Graf von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 26, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, pp. 331-338.

Web links

Commons : Franz Graf von Pocci  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Franz von Pocci  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Kösener Corpslisten 1930, 111 , 158
  2. ^ Barbara Rott: Felix Fechenbach and the puppet show. In: Roland Flade, Barbara Rott (Eds.): Felix Fechenbach , The Puppeteer. A novel from old Würzburg. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1988, ISBN 3-88479-376-4 , pp. 31-34; here: p. 33 f.
  3. ^ Gustav Rohmer: The casual society in Munich 1837-1937; Printed as a manuscript , CH Beck'sche Buchdruckerei, Nördlingen 1937