Gulf of Naples
Location on the Italian Mediterranean coast
The Gulf of Naples ( Italian Golfo di Napoli ) is a sea bay on the west coast of southern Italy . Over a length of about 30 km, it cuts about 15 km into the mainland.
Around the Gulf of Naples - clockwise from northwest to southeast - lie the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Baiae , the city of Pozzuoli with the Phlegraean Fields , the city of Naples, Vesuvius with the excavations of the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum , and finally the places Torre del Greco and Castellammare di Stabia . To the southeast, the gulf is closed off by the Sorrento peninsula .
The gulf is extended into the sea by the three islands of Capri (in the south) and the Phlegraean islands of Ischia and Procida (in the north). Other notable islands on the edge of the gulf are Vivara (southwest of Procida) and Nisida (near Pozzuoli). In the center of the gulf, on the other hand, there are no islands, which can easily be explained by the fact that the entire gulf of Naples is probably the huge volcanic caldera of a super volcano ( Phlegraean fields ).
The area around the Gulf of Naples belongs to the Italian region of Campania and, with more than 4.4 million inhabitants, forms the most important metropolitan area in southern Italy.
- Wagner, Horst-Günter: Innovative changes in the agricultural structure on the Gulf of Naples. In: Erdkunde Volume 44 (1990), pp. 181-194.
View from near Sorrento over the Gulf of Naples
Gulf of Naples with fruit dealers, Franz Ludwig Catel , 1822
A caletta on the Gulf of Naples
Coordinates: 40 ° 44 ′ 7 ″ N , 14 ° 16 ′ 31 ″ E