Great moated castle

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Great moated castle
Coordinates: 52 ° 3 ′ 47 "  N , 13 ° 50 ′ 54"  E
Height : 47 m above sea level NHN
Area : 20.12 km²
Residents : 188  (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density : 9 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 2001
Postal code : 15910
Primaries : 033765, 035473
Groß Wasserburg, Dorfstrasse
Groß Wasserburg, Dorfstrasse
Great Wasserburger Spree lock

Groß Wasserburg ( Lower Sorbian Wódowy Grod ) is a district of the municipality of Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg in the Dahme-Spreewald district in Brandenburg . Groß Wasserburg was an independent municipality until the voluntary merger with Krausnick in 2001. Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg is administered by the Unterspreewald office. The place emerged from a mill that originally belonged to Krausnick at the beginning of the 18th century .

Geographical location

Groß Wasserburg is located about 3 km as the crow flies north-northeast of Krausnick, the second district of the municipality of Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg, about 23 km southwest of Storkow (Mark), and about 13 km north-northwest of Lübben (Spreewald) . The district Groß Wasserburg borders in the north on the municipality of Märkisch Buchholz or its part of the municipality Köthen , in the northeast on Leibsch (part of the municipality Unterspreewald ), in the east on Neu Lübbenau (also a part of the municipality Unterspreewald), in the southeast on the municipality Schlepzig , in the south on Krausnick, in the west on Oderin (part of the municipality of Halbe ).

The L 71 runs through Groß Wasserburg. A connecting road to Köthen branches off in the village .

Groß Wasserburg is located on the Groß Wasserburger Spree, which splits into numerous small arms east of the town. The Puhlstrom flows through the eastern part of the district. The eastern boundary is z. T. formed by the Spree. The Randkanal runs from Groß Wasserburg to Köthener See and the Groß Wasserburger Schleuse. Triftsee , Mittelsee , Schwanensee and Pichersee are in the Groß Wasserburg district . In the north, the district borders on the Köthener See. In the Krausnicker Mountains , the Wehlaberg rises up to 144 m. There is an observation tower at the top.

The Pichersee residential area (formerly Lucas Theerofen ) also belongs to the district of Groß Wasserburg . A larger stud has settled there, which organizes an eventing tournament.

Groß Wasserburg on the Urmes table sheet Schlepzig 3949 from 1841


In 1518 a water mill near Krausnick was mentioned for the first time (without a proper name). In 1554 the water mill is called the water castle. In 1576 only one miller lived there. In 1692 a knight's seat was built next to the mill with two aisles. In 1745 there was a farm and a dairy, a sheep farm, a watermill with a gear and a groats tamper, a cutting mill, and a vineyard is mentioned. In 1745 the forester's house Klein Wasserburg was built on the official territory , which was merged with Birkholz in 1929. In 1748 11 people lived in Groß Wasserburg. The Schmettauschen map from 1767/87 shows a pitch furnace a little east of the connecting route from Groß Wasserburg to Krausnick and roughly in the middle between the two places. In 1775 the place had a farm, a sheep farm, a grinding mill and a cutting mill; there were 14 Büdner in the place. In 1801, 26 colonists lived in Groß Wasserburg, there was a jug, a water mill and an administrative department. In 1837 the place had 24 houses. Friedrich Ludwig Buchholz was tenant of Märkisch Buchholz and Groß Wasserburg until Trinity 1808 and Krausnick until 1814 . In 1847 the Vorwerk was parceled out and leased in parcels. In the buildings of the dissolved Vorwerk and Office, a forestry department was set up in 1848 and the newly created manor district Groß Wasserburg was administered from there. In 1858 there was a dismantled water mill (grain and oil mill), 27 residential buildings, 47 farm buildings and the forestry department. There is evidence of a school in 1861. In 1871 there were 38 residential buildings, in 1900 42 houses and in 1931 50 residential buildings. After the Second World War , 108.5 hectares were expropriated and divided. 26 hectares went to 5 farm workers and landless farmers, 51 hectares to 24 poor farmers, 15 hectares to 10 small tenants, 5 hectares to a resettler and 3.5 hectares to 5 workers and employees. 7.5 hectares went to the Committee for Mutual Farmers Aid and 0.5 hectares to the authorities for self-administration. The first Type I agricultural production cooperative was formed as early as 1959, initially with 5 members, which were quickly joined by other businesses, so that the LPG was still established 1959 8 members and 27 ha farmed agricultural area. In 1960 a second LPG was founded with 42 members and 231 hectares of usable space. The two LPGs merged as early as 1961. In 1972 the LPG Groß Wasserburg was connected to the LPG Type I Leibsch. In 1977 VEB Holzwaren was based in Groß Wasserburg, as was the state forestry company. However, the district forester's office had been relocated to Koethen.

Population development from 1774 to 2000

year 1774 1801 1817 1837 1858 1871 1885 1895 1910 1925 1939 1946 1950 1964 1971 1981 1991 2000
Residents 72 152 146 255 291 265 296 274 252 248 245 306 287 259 266 239 222 207

Ownership history

Krausnick and the mill were owned by the von Langen family in 1518. In 1554 Caspar von Langen sold Krausnick (with Groß Wasserburg) for repurchase after four years to his cousin Georg von Langen. In 1556 the brothers Otto and Caspar v. Langen zu Münchehofe was enfeoffed with Krausnick, Köthen, Groß Wasserburg and half of Leibsch. In 1583 these were jointly the brothers Anton and Nickel von Langen in Krausnick. They were obliged to keep a well-prepared horse. At the end of the 16th century, Antonius von Langen, the son of Otto von Langen, sat in Grosswasserburg. In 1688 Otto Joachim von Langen and his wife Christine Dorothea nee lived. from Stutterheim ad H. Kablitz in Groß Wasserburg. Their daughter, born there in 1688, married Sigismund Wilhelm von Maltitz auf Tauche in 1717. On June 15, 1728 the Brandenburg elector and king in Prussia bought Friedrich Wilhelm I. Groß Wasserburg from the brothers Heinrich Wilhelm and Kaspar Sigismund von Langen for 40,693 thalers. After acquiring Krausnick in the same year, Friedrich Wilhelm formed the Krausnick office from it , which he assigned to his rule in Königs Wusterhausen . In 1852 the Krausnick office was dissolved and administered together with the Buchholz office. The Buchholz office was also dissolved in 1872/74.

Groß Wasserburg belonged to the Storkow rulership in the late Middle Ages and early modern times and thus came to the Beeskow-Storkowische Kreis . During the district reform in 1816/17, the community came to the Teltow-Storkow district for about 20 years; after its dissolution in 1836 to the district of Beeskow. From 1950 Groß Wasserburg was assigned to the district of Lübben, which became part of the district reform of 1993 in the district of Dahme-Spreewald.

In 1848 the manor district and the rural community of Groß Wasserburg were created. In 1892 the manor districts Groß Wasserburg and Klein Wasserburg were merged to form the manor district Wasserburg, in 1910 this was renamed the manor district Kleinwasserburg. When the estate districts were dissolved in 1929, part of it was also incorporated into the community of Groß Wasserburg. After the fall of the Wall, Groß Wasserburg merged with 12 other, mostly very small, communities to form an administrative community, the Unterspreewald office with its seat in Schönwald . On December 31, 2001, the previously independent municipalities of Krausnick and Groß Wasserburg merged to form the municipality of Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg. Since then, Groß Wasserburg has been part of the municipality of Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg. On January 1, 2013, the Unterspreewald office and the Golßen office were merged to form the new Unterspreewald office with the official seat in Golßen .

The current mayor is Gerhard Buschick.

Church history

Groß Wasserburg was always a church in Krausnick and never had a church.

Leisure and nature conservation

The cucumber cycle path and the European hiking path E 10 lead through Groß Wasserburg. There are holiday apartments in town. Another leisure attraction is an arch bivouac. The Tropical Islands amusement park is only nine kilometers away. The Groß Wasserburg ferry port has a connection to the Dahme waterway.

The lakes on the Groß Wasserburger district are in the Heideseen nature reserve .


The list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg for the district of Dahme-Spreewald lists the following ground monuments:

  • No. 12246, Corridor 1: Mesolithic resting and work area, Bronze Age settlement, German Middle Ages pitch hut, Modern pitch hut
  • No. 12247, hallway 2: Mesolithic resting and work area, settlement of the Roman Empire
  • No. 12248, hall 3: Pechhütte Modern Times, Pechhütte German Middle Ages
  • No. 12249, corridor 1: Middle Ages Mill, Modern Mill, Modern Village Center, German Middle Ages village center


  • Reiner Schwalme (born June 19, 1937 in Liegnitz, Lower Silesia), German cartoonist

supporting documents


  • Alexander Freiherr von Dachenhausen: von Maltitz. Genealogical paperback of the primitive nobility, 2: 360–377, Brno, 1893 (hereinafter abbreviated to Dachenhausen, Maltitz with corresponding page number)
  • Carl von Eickstedt: Contributions to a newer land book of the Brandenburg brands: prelates, knights, cities, fiefdoms, or Roßdienst and fiefdom. Creutz, Magdeburg 1840 (hereinafter Eickstedt, land book with corresponding page number)
  • Joachim Schölzel: Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg. Part IX: Beeskow-Storkow. Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1989, ISBN 3-7400-0104-6 (hereinafter Schölzel, Historisches Ortslexikon, Beeskow-Storkow, page number).

Individual evidence

  1. Unterspreewald Office - Residents' Registration Office (ed.): Population figures for the entire Unterspreewald office (with municipalities and localities / municipalities) as of 01.01.2017 . Schönwalde January 17, 2017 ( contact details [accessed January 17, 2017]).
  2. ^ A b Francesko Rocca: History and administration of the royal family property: according to the files and documents of the Kgl. Court Chamber in Charlottenburg compiled. Rohde, Berlin 1913–1914, p. 4.
  3. ^ Wilhelm Riehl, J. Scheu: Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Markgrafthum Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their present existence. Scheu, Berlin 1861, online at Google Books, p. 334.
  4. Schölzel, Historisches Ortslexikon, Beeskow-Storkow, pp. 288–289.
  5. Contribution to the statistics of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics, Historical Community Directory of the State of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005 19.3 District Dahme-Spreewald, PDF
  6. Eickstedt, Landbuch, p. 20, online at Google Books,
  7. Friedrich Beck: Document inventory of the Brandenburg State Main Archive - Kurmark, 2: Municipal institutions and noble lords and goods. VII, 820 pp., Berlin, Berlin-Verl. Spitz 2002 ISBN 3830502923 (also publications by the Brandenburg State Main Archive Potsdam 45), p. 668/9.
  8. Eickstedt, Landbuch, p. 22 Online at Google Books
  9. Eickstedt, Landbuch, p. 95 online at Google Books,
  10. Eickstedt, Landbuch, p. 193 online at Google Books,
  11. Dachenhausen, Maltitz, p. 364
  12. ^ Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Markgrafthum Nieder-Lausitz in the middle of the 19th century. Volume 2, Adolph Müller, Brandenburg 1855, online at Google Books, p. 595 ff.
  13. ^ Formation of the Unterspreewald office. Announcement of the Minister of the Interior of October 14, 1992. Official Gazette for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 3, Number 91, November 30, 1992, pp. 2066–2067.
  14. ^ Formation of a new community in Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg. Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior of December 14, 2001. In: Official Journal for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 12, Number 52, December 27, 2001, p. 906, PDF
  15. ^ Service portal of the state administration of the state of Brandenburg: Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg community
  16. Krausnick / Groß Wasserburg municipality on the pages of the old Unterspreewald office ( memento of the original from May 17, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  17. Cucumber cycle path
  18. bow bivouac United Wasserburg
  19. List of monuments of the state of Brandenburg, district of Dahme-Spreewald, as of December 31, 2012, PDF ( memento of the original from September 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

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