Gustav Hacker (born September 20, 1900 in Lubau , Böhmen ; † June 3, 1979 in Wiesbaden ) was a German-Bohemian farmer and politician ( BdL , SdP , NSDAP , later GB / BHE , GDP , GDP / BHE) and a functionary for expellees.
Life and work
Hacker was born the son of a German-Bohemian farmer. After attending school, he took part in the First World War as a soldier on the Austrian side . Later, like all Germans in Bohemia, he received Czechoslovak citizenship.
After graduating from high school in 1918, Hacker studied at the Higher Agricultural State School in Kaaden , initially worked in practical work on agricultural goods and then took over the parents' farm. In 1921/22 he did military service in the Czechoslovak army . In the 1920s he was co-founder and chairman of the Bund der Deutschen Landjugend . In this role he helped found farm schools, including a. 1925 as the founder of the West Bohemian Farmers College.
Hacker was chairman of the association of agricultural district advance funds and in 1938 he became chairman of the supervisory board of the Sudetendeutschen Zucker-AG. He was also the director of the Central Agriculture and Forestry Association for Bohemia and Moravia . In occupied Prague he worked in the Ministry of Agriculture. As a German citizen , he took part in the Second World War as a soldier from 1941 to 1945 . As head of the state goods administration at the Armaments Inspectorate Ukraine , Armaments Command Dnepropetrovsk , he was presumably employed as Sonderführer Z (civilian officer in the rank of officer). Most recently he was promoted to captain of the reserve.
After the war ended, Hacker was sentenced as a war criminal by the People's Court in Prague to four years in prison. He was released from prison in 1949, moved to the Federal Republic of Germany as a displaced person in December 1949 and settled in Hesse . There he was involved in organizations for refugees.
Hacker joined the Union of Farmers in Czechoslovakia (BdL), a Sudeten German farmers' party, and was elected chairman of the party in 1936. On March 22, 1938, he arranged for his party and its members to be transferred to the Sudeten German Party (SdP) headed by Konrad Henlein , which was later subordinated to the NSDAP after the annexation of the Sudeten German area by the Greater German Reich . There was no automatic takeover of the members. Hacker then joined the NSDAP in 1938. Hacker joined the GB / BHE in the 1950s . When the GB / BHE merged with the DP in May 1961 to form the GDP , he became its member. In September 1962, the GDP was renamed GDP / BHE. In 1963/64 he was the Hessian state chairman of the GDP / BHE.
Hacker was a member of the Czechoslovak National Assembly from May 1935 to March 1939 .
From 1954 to February 13, 1955, from 1958 to November 30, 1959 and from 1962 to November 10, 1964, Hacker was a member of the Hessian state parliament .
After the state elections in 1954 and the formation of a coalition of the SPD and GB / BHE, Hacker was appointed to the state government led by Prime Minister Georg August Zinn on January 19, 1955 as Hessian Minister of State for Agriculture and Forests . During his tenure he participated u. a. in the rural structural policy of the Great Hesse Plan . After the formation of an SPD sole government, he left the state government on January 19, 1967 and was replaced as Agriculture Minister by Tassilo Tröscher .
- Large Federal Cross of Merit with Star and Shoulder Ribbon , 1965
- Gustav Hacker Foundation, 1981
- Gustav-Hacker-Siedlung in Groß-Umstadt
- Gustav-Hacker-Weg in Schlangenbad
He was an honorary member of the Germania-Tetschen-Liebwerd fraternity (1960) and an honorary member of the Sudetia Munich fraternity .
- Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians, Part 7: Supplement A – K, Winter, Heidelberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-8253-6050-4 . Pp. 408-409.
- Albrecht Kirschner: Final report of the working group on the preliminary study “Nazi past of former Hessian state parliament members” of the commission of the Hessian state parliament for the research project “Political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse” . Ed .: Hessischer Landtag . Wiesbaden 2013, p. 15, 23, 27, 38–39, 48–50, 52–53 ( Download [PDF; 479 kB ]).
- Jochen Lengemann : The Hessen Parliament 1946–1986 . Biographical handbook of the advisory state committee, the state assembly advising the constitution and the Hessian state parliament (1st – 11th electoral period). Ed .: President of the Hessian State Parliament. Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1986, ISBN 3-458-14330-0 , p. 273–274 ( hessen.de [PDF; 12.4 MB ]).
- Jochen Lengemann: MdL Hessen. 1808-1996. Biographical index (= political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse. Vol. 14 = publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. Vol. 48, 7). Elwert, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-7708-1071-6 , p. 161.
- Franz Neumann: The block of expellees and disenfranchised 1950-1960. A contribution to the history and structure of a political interest party. (= Marburg treatises on political science. 5). Verlag Anton Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1968, pp. 428-429.
- Gustav Hacker , in Internationales Biographisches Archiv 43/1979 of October 15, 1979, in the Munzinger Archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
- Sabine Schneider: burdened democrats. Hessian member of the state parliament of the post-war period between National Socialism and liberalization. Ed. Historical Commission for Hesse ISBN 9783942225458 (therein entries on hackers and 10 other people), Sales Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg 2019 (series: Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 48, 15; & Political and parliamentary history of the State of Hesse, 47) ( final report to a preliminary report from 2013)
- Note from the Weihenstephan University of Applied Sciences
- Hacker, Gustav. Hessian biography. (As of March 3, 2020). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Pitt von Bebenburg: “First a Nazi, then a member of the state parliament” , Frankfurter Rundschau , February 20, 2013
- "Hacker, Gustav". Hessian biography. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Albrecht Kirschner: Final report of the working group on the preliminary study "Nazi past of former Hessian state parliament members" of the commission of the Hessian state parliament for the research project "Political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse" . Hessischer Landtag , Wiesbaden 2013, p. 39. ( Online )
- Albrecht Kirschner: Final report of the working group on the preliminary study "Nazi past of former Hessian state parliament members" of the commission of the Hessian state parliament for the research project "Political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse" . Hessischer Landtag , Wiesbaden 2013, p. 38. ( Online )
- Albrecht Kirschner: Final report of the working group on the preliminary study "Nazi past of former Hessian state parliament members" of the commission of the Hessian state parliament for the research project "Political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse" . Hessischer Landtag , Wiesbaden 2013, p. 49. ( Online )
- Ralf Gebel: "Heim ins Reich!": Konrad Henlein and the Reichsgau Sudetenland (1938–1945) . R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich 1999, p. 129. ISBN 3-486-56468-4 .
- FAZ of February 17, 1992, p. 12. ( article online )
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German farmer and politician (BdL, SdP, NSDAP, GB / BHE, GDP, GDP / BHE), MdL, Hessian Minister of State|
|DATE OF BIRTH||20th September 1900|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lubau , Bohemia|
|DATE OF DEATH||3rd June 1979|
|Place of death||Wiesbaden|