Hamadan Province

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استان همدان
Bahrain Katar Oman Kuwait Türkei Armenien Aserbaidschan Turkmenistan Afghanistan Pakistan Irak Saudi-Arabien Vereinigte Arabische Emirate Sistan und Belutschistan Süd-Chorasan Kerman (Provinz) Hormozgan Fars Buschehr (Provinz) Yazd (Provinz) Razavi-Chorasan Nord-Chorasan Golestan (Provinz) Māzandarān Semnan (Provinz) Teheran (Provinz) Alborz (Provinz) Ghom (Provinz) Tschahār Mahāl und Bachtiyāri Kohgiluye und Boyer Ahmad Chuzestan Ilam (Provinz) Lorestan Markazi Isfahan (Provinz) Gilan Ardabil (Provinz) Qazvin (Provinz) Hamadan (Provinz) Kermānschāh (Provinz) Kordestān Ost-Aserbaidschan Zandschan (Provinz) West-AserbaidschanLocation of Hamadan Province in Iran
About this picture
Location of Hamadan Province in Iran
Basic data
Country Iran
Capital Hamadan
surface 19,368 km²
Residents 1,738,234 (2016 census)
density 90 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 IR-24

Coordinates: 34 ° 55 '  N , 48 ° 35'  E

Hamadan ( Persian استان همدان, DMG Ostān-e Hamedān , also Ostān-e Hamadān ) is a province in northwestern Iran . The capital is also called Hamadan .

1,738,234 people live in the province (2016 census). The area of ​​the province extends to 19,368 square kilometers. The population density is 88 inhabitants per square kilometer.


Hamadan is located in the northwestern part of Iran. In addition to the city of Hamadan, the cities of Twiserkan , Nahavand , Malayer , Assad Abad , Bahar , Razan and Kabudrahang are in the province.

The population is made up of different ethnic groups, including Kurds , Lurs , Persians and Azerbaijanis .

Administrative division

The districts are listed with area and population (2016 census):

Surname Area in km² population
Assad Abad 1,411 100.901
Bahar 1,321 119,082
Hamadan 4.161 676.105
Kabudrahang 3,855 126,062
Malayer 3,301 288,685
Nahavand 1,487 178,787
Razan 2,548 107,587
Twiserkan 1,458 101,666
total 19,545 1,738,234


Achaemenid relief in Ganj Nameh

In New Assyrian times, Hamadan was part of the Mannaean kingdom . The capital of the Medes , Ekbatana, is also near today's Hamadan. After the Medes and Persians, the Macedonians ruled Hamadan. After the establishment of the Parthian Empire , the city became the summer residence of the Parthian kings. The Sassanids also used the city as a residence. In 642 the decisive battle between the Sassanids and the invading Arabs took place near Nehawend . With the defeat of the Sassanids, the Islamization of Iran began.

After the Arab caliphs , the Bujids ruled this area. In the 11th century the Seljuks made Hamadan their capital instead of Baghdad . Hamadan was destroyed under Timur Lenk . When the Safavid Empire was founded, the region experienced an upswing. The Ottomans , the Safavids' eternal rivals, conquered the area in the 18th century. However, they had to withdraw after a loss to Nadir Shah . Since then, Hamadan has remained in the possession of the Persians. The region also gained importance due to its location on the Silk Road .


Stone lion from Hamadan
Golden rhyton from the Achaemenid period - today in the Iranian National Museum in Tehran

The Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization (ICHO) lists 442 places of historical and cultural importance in the province. These include the following locations:


  • Bu-Ali Sina University
  • Hamdan University of Medical Sciences
  • Azad Islamic University of Hamedan
  • Hamedan Payam Nur University
  • Hamedan University of Technology
  • Payam Nur University of Bahar
  • Payam Nur University of Kabutar Ahang
  • Payam Nur University by Malayer
  • Toyserkan Payam Nur University
  • Azad Islamic University Toyserkan
  • Azad Islamic University of Malayer
  • Payam Nur University of Razan

See also

Web links

Commons : Hamadan  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. City Population: Iran - Cities and Provinces .