Lifting (mythology)

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Wedding of Hebe and Heracles (Apulian vase picture)
Sculpture of the Hebe by Canova (1800–1805, Hermitage , Saint Petersburg )
Marble sculpture of the Hebe by Bertel Thorvaldsen
Sculpture der Hebe by Franz Machtl (Munich, 1893), Chicago , Illinois, USA

Hebe ( Greek  Ἥβη "youth") is the goddess of youth in Greek mythology , "the goddess with the rose cheeks". The Roman equivalent of Hebe is Iuventas .


Hebe is the daughter of Zeus and Hera and the sister of Ares , Eileithyia and Hephaestus .

She is cupbearer of the gods and serves nectar and ambrosia . After an awkwardness, she is replaced by Ganymede . After the hero Heracles was burned and raised to Olympus , the gods gave him Hebe to wife. From him she has the children Alexiares and Aniketus .

Hebe had the power to give people a new youth. Thus, on Zeus 'command, she renewed the youth of Iolaos , Heracles' nephew.

Cult and representation

In Greece, Hebe was worshiped in the following places:

  • together with Hera in Mantineia . The cult images of Hera, Athene and Hebe were works of Praxiteles .
  • together with Hera in the Heraion of Argos , where her cult image made of gold and ivory - a work of Naukydes - stood next to the cult image of Hera.
  • together with Herakles in Athens and Kos
  • under the name Dia in Sikyon and Phleius . Pausanias also reports a cult of the Hebe in Phleius, where it was called Ganymeda after him. Her sanctuary is an asylum site and is associated with a festival called Kissotomoi (ivy cut).

Nothing of the cult images mentioned has survived. Hebe is often shown in her role as cupbearer on vase pictures. Her attribute is a jug from which she serves nectar to the gods. The figure is often winged, so it is not clear whether it is Hebe or Iris .

In modern times Antonio Canova , Bertel Thorvaldsen and Joseph Wackerle (Botanical Garden Munich) created sculptures of the Hebe.

See also


Web links

Commons : Hebe (Mythology)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hesiod Theogony 921; Homer Odyssey 11,601
  2. Cicero De natura deorum 1.40
  3. Diodorus 4.75
  4. Homer Odyssey 11.605
  5. ^ Libraries of Apollodorus 2.158
  6. Ovid 's Metamorphoses 9.396ff
  7. Pausania's description of Greece 8.9.2f
  8. Pausanias 2.17.5
  9. Pausania's description of Greece 1.19.3
  10. Cornutus Theologiae Graecae compendium 31
  11. Strabon Geographika 8.6.24
  12. Pausanias 2.12.4, 2.13.3