Hermann Reincke-Bloch

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Hermann Karl Moritz Reincke-Bloch (born August 15, 1867 as Hermann Karl Moritz Bloch in Berlin ; † January 1, 1929 in Breslau ) was a German historian , university professor and politician ( DVP ).

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Hermann Bloch was born into a Jewish Berlin family of Protestant denomination. He was the son of Clara Bloch, b. Bock, and the court and publishing house book dealer Adalbert Bloch. He had six siblings: Adalbert, Betty, Clare, Marie , Walter and Willy.

After graduation in 1886 at the French school in Berlin Bloch took a degree in history at the universities in Freiburg , Leipzig and Berlin in which he in 1891 with that of Paul Scheffer-Boichorst supervised PhD Dr. phil. finished (Dissertation: Studies on the history of Emperor Heinrich VI. in the years 1191-1194 ). During his studies he became a member of the Academic Liedertafel Berlin in the Sondershäuser Association and the Wettina Leipzig student choir in 1889/90 . From 1892 to 1900 he worked for the Strasbourg Diplomata department of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica with Harry Bresslau .

After his habilitation in 1896, Bloch worked as a private lecturer in middle and modern history at the University of Strasbourg . There he became an associate professor in 1901 and in 1904 he was appointed full professor at the University of Rostock , which he headed as rector in 1914/15.

Bloch had previously turned down a call to Utrecht University in 1904. As the first German university professor, he treated the history of Alsace in lectures. His uncle, the Reich judge and national liberal politician Otto Ludwig Reincke, helped him to bridge the long waiting period for a German professorship because of his Jewishness by adopting him and changing his name from Bloch to Reincke-Bloch (from 1913 at the latest). In 1914 he took over the business of the Rostock district adjutant office. In the First World War he was an active participant, most recently as a captain .

Reincke-Bloch followed the call to the University of Breslau in 1923 and worked there as a trainer for history teachers. In 1926 he headed the German Historians ' Day in Breslau, where he undertook the difficult task of agreeing, together with Karl Brandi, to resume international cooperation with the historians of the formerly hostile countries on the basis of full equality. Reincke-Bloch was chairman of the International Commission for the Bibliography of the Historical Sciences. Up until the end of his life he contributed significantly to this bibliography and to the revision of the Bresslauschen work on the doctrine of documents. At the end of 1928 he fell ill with pneumonia, which he succumbed to on New Year's Day 1929.

Reincke-Bloch was chairman of the German Association of Historians from 1924 to 1926 . In 1928 he became an honorary member of the historical commission for both Mecklenburg .

Hermann Reincke-Bloch married Luise Sellentin in 1893.


Reincke-Bloch joined the German People's Party (DVP) after the November Revolution and took over the state chairmanship of the DVP in Mecklenburg-Schwerin . He was a member of the Rostock city council and was elected to the Mecklenburg-Schwerin state parliament in 1919 , to which he belonged until 1922. From July 28, 1920 to January 12, 1921, he was Prime Minister of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Schwerin . In the state government led by Prime Minister Johannes Stelling , he took over the management of the State Ministry for Education, Art, Spiritual and Medical Affairs from April 12, 1921 to June 15, 1922 and reformed the primary school system. In the mid-1920s he was chairman of the DVP in Wroclaw and Silesia . As the German People's Party moved closer and closer to right-wing positions, his position became untenable (in 1921 he had persuaded his party to form a coalition with the Social Democrats ); his own party denied him allegiance so that he withdrew from politics.

See also


  • Studies on the history of Emperor Heinrich VI. in the years 1191–1194. phil. Diss. Berlin 1891.
  • ( Arrangement ): Annales Marbacenses qui dicuntur. (Cronica Hohenburgensis cum continuatione et additamentis Neoburgensibus). Hahn, Hanover 1907.
  • Regests of the Bishops of Strasbourg. Vol. 1, 1: The Alsatian annals of the Staufer period. A source-critical introduction. Wagner, Innsbruck 1908.
  • The Hohenstaufen imperial elections and the emergence of the electorate. Researches. Teubner, Leipzig et al. 1911.
  • Friedrich I's charter for Lübeck and the origin of the council constitution in Germany. In: Journal of the Association for Lübeck History and Archeology . Vol. 16, 1914, ISSN  0083-5609 , pp. 1-43 (also special reprint).


  • Helge bei der Wieden : The Mecklenburg governments and ministers. 1918–1952 (= writings on Mecklenburg history, culture and regional studies. Vol. 1). 2nd, supplemented edition. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1978, ISBN 3-412-05578-6 , p. 54 f.
  • Katharina Colberg: The historian Hermann Reincke-Bloch (1867–1929). Monumentist - professor - politician. In: Raphaela Averkorn u. a. (Ed.): Europe and the world in history. Festschrift for Dieter Berg's 60th birthday. Winkler, Bochum 2004, ISBN 3-89911-024-2 , pp. 118-149.
  • Carl August Endler , Alfred Huhnhäuser, Walther Neumann (ed.): Festschrift for Hermann Reincke-Bloch on his sixtieth birthday. Presented by his students. Trewendt & Granier, Breslau 1927.
  • Reincke-Bloch, Hermann. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 3: Birk – Braun. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-598-22683-7 , pp. 137-140.
  • Heinz Maybaum:  Bloch, Hermann. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 306 ( digitized version ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Manfred Berger: Women in the history of the kindergarten: Marie Bloch. In: The Kita-Handbuch. Martin R. Textor, accessed July 23, 2017 .
  2. Otto Grübel, Special Houses Association of German Student Choral Societies (SV): Cartel address book. As of March 1, 1914. Munich 1914, p. 1.
  3. Otto Grübel, Special Houses Association of German Student Choral Societies (SV): Cartel address book. As of March 1, 1914. Munich 1914, p. 151.