Ivo Sanader

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ivo Sanader (2009)

Ivo Sanader [ 'iːʋɔ sa'naːdɛr ] (formerly Ivica Sanader ;) (born June 8, 1953 in Split ) is a Croatian politician ( HDZ ), who was Prime Minister of Croatia from 2003 to 2009 . He was sentenced to ten years in prison in November 2012 for corruption during his reign.


Sanader comes from a devout Catholic working-class family and spent his youth in Split. He studied in Rome and at the University of Innsbruck , where he in 1982 with a thesis in philology to Dr. phil. received his doctorate. In addition to Croatian, he speaks fluent German, English, French and Italian. Sanader is married to Mirjana Sanader .

Political career

In 1990, Sanader founded a branch of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) in Austria . 1991–1992 he was director of the Croatian National Theater in Split . In 1992 he became a member of the Croatian Parliament ( Sabor ). With a short interruption, Sanader was Croatia's Deputy Foreign Minister from 1993 to January 2000. In 2000, after the death of President Franjo Tuđman (1922–1999) , Sanader was elected chairman of the HDZ and disempowered the far-right circles of the party, which earned him the name "Dragon Slayer". Then he led the HDZ towards the center and on a clearly pro-European course. After the HDZ had become the strongest party in the parliamentary elections, he succeeded Ivica Račans as Prime Minister of Croatia in December 2003 . Sanader started in 2003 with the aim of leading his country into NATO and the EU . After the parliamentary elections in 2007, the HDZ remained the strongest party, so that Sanader was confirmed in his office. Since 2008, Sanader has been campaigning for the expansion of nuclear energy in Croatia (in addition to purchasing electricity from the Slovenian Krško nuclear power plant ), after having previously rejected this, as well as for the rapid construction of the 380 km long Zagreb-Split motorway .

On July 1, 2009, he announced his resignation from the post of prime minister and party chairman, without giving any specific reasons. On January 3, 2010, he announced surprisingly that he wanted to take an active role in politics again, whereupon he was expelled from his party the following day.

Corruption allegations, arrests and lawsuits

Investigations by the Croatian anti-corruption authority USKOK revealed in August 2010 that Sanader was involved in large-scale corruption during his reign , which is said to have caused the country damage of 1.4 billion kuna (200 million euros). His parliamentary immunity was lifted on December 9th and he left the country for Slovenia on the same day, before an arrest warrant was issued. The next day, in the early hours of the morning, his house was searched. The international arrest warrant was on suspicion of abuse of office and formation of a criminal organization . On the same day he was picked up on the Tauern motorway in Salzburg and arrested. On May 9, 2011, a Salzburg court approved extradition to Croatia, and on July 18, he was finally brought to the Slovenian border, from where he was taken to Croatia.

After the assets of the Sanaders company were confiscated at the end of 2010 on suspicion of corruption, the trial on the main allegation of the public prosecutor's office began in October 2011 in Zagreb that Sanader had received an illegal commission of around 480,000 euros from Austrian Hypo shortly before the end of the Croatian war (1991-1995) Group Alpe Adria accepted. The bank had  granted the government, whose deputy foreign minister was Sanader at the time, a loan of around 9.6 million euros for the construction of embassy buildings  . On October 14, 2012, Sanader gave his first interview since his arrest in December 2010 and confirmed that there are currently three trials against him.

On November 20, 2012, Sanader was sentenced to ten years ' imprisonment for corruption and to the payment of 3.6 million kuna, which at the time of the judgment amounted to around 480,000 euros, to the Croatian state.

On July 27, 2015, the Croatian Constitutional Court overturned the verdict due to formal errors: Sanader had not received a fair trial in two cases due to serious corruption. However, because of the conviction in a third corruption case, Sanader has to remain in custody.

On October 1, 2015, the third corruption judgment was also overturned by the highest court and referred back for renegotiation. Sanader was able to leave the prison by placing a bail of 1.6 million euros.

Works (as Ivo Sanader)

  • I ružičastno je crno. Nazor o svijetu u kazališnom djelu Jeana Anouilha . (Croatian). Biblioteka znanstvenih djela, Volume 24, ZDB -ID & key = zdb 436581-1 . Književni Krug, Split 1988, ISBN 86-7397-007-5 .
  • Ivo Sanader, Ante Stamać: U ovom strašnom času. Antologija suvremene hrvatske ratne lirike . (Croatian). Školska knjiga, Zagreb 1994, ZDB -ID 2532912-1 , ISBN 953-0-60316-9 .
  • Ivo Sanader (Ed.), Ante Stamać (Ed.), Irena Vrkljan (transl.), Benno Meyer-Wehlack (transl.): In the hour of greatest need. Croatian poetry at war . Original title: U ovom strašnom času . Bastei-Lübbe-Taschenbuch, Volume 13914, ZDB -ID 49563-3 . Bastei-Verlag Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1997, ISBN 3-404-13914-3 .
  • Ivo Sanader, Ante Stamać: En tiu terura momento. Antologio de la nuntempa kroata milita liriko . (Esperanto, translated from Croatian). Kroata Esperanto-Ligo, Zagreb 1998, ISBN 953-96918-1-8 .
  • Croatia's course of action to achieve EU membership . ZEI discussion paper, Volume C.59, ZDB -ID 1449380-9 . Center for European Integration Research , Bonn 1999, ISBN 3-933307-59-7 .
  • Ivo Sanader (Ed.): Globalization: Location Croatia. Collected essays for the international symposium "Small countries and peoples in the context of globalization" on October 19 and 20, 1998 on the island of Brijuni . Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Croatia, Zagreb (inter alia) 1999, ISBN 3-00-005357-3 .
  • Il caso Jakob Wassermann . Alla ricerca di uno scrittore scomparso . (Italian). First edition. Editione del Leone, Venezia 1999.
  • Christian democracy in Europe. Future prospects from a Croatian perspective . In: Andreas Khol (Ed.), Wolfgang Schüssel : Thinking about the future. Festschrift for Wolfgang Schüssel . Verlag für Geschichte und Politik ( Politische Akademie der ÖVP , Vienna), Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7028-0425-0 , pp. 237–244.


Web links

Commons : Ivo Sanader  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Prime Minister Earned His Doctoral Degree as Ivica ( Memento from May 24, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
  2. Ivica Sanader: The worldview in the theater of Jean Anouilhs . Dissertation. University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck 1982, Permalink Austrian Library Network , catalog list Austrian National Library .
  3. Interview with imprisoned ex-prime minister Ivo Sanader . In: salzburg.com , Salzburger Nachrichten , January 21, 2011, accessed on January 22, 2011 (German).
  4. Croatia wants to use nuclear power (oe24.at, June 7, 2008)
  5. Tagesschau: Croatia's Prime Minister Sanader throws down ( Memento from July 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  6. ↑ Damage worth millions due to state corruption in Croatia. In: Handelsblatt online. August 13, 2010, archived from the original on August 16, 2010 ; Retrieved April 4, 2016 . citing USKOK istražuje 16 milijuna kuna. Jurak je najslabija karika do 'krupnih riba'. In: Jutarnji list online. August 10, 2010, accessed December 21, 2010 (Croatian).
  7. Arrest warrant against Croatian ex-head of government. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung . December 10, 2010, accessed December 10, 2010 .
  8. Ex-Prime Minister Sanader has left Croatia. In: ORF . December 9, 2010, accessed December 9, 2010 .
  9. ^ House search of Croatia's ex-Prime Minister Sanader. In: ORF. December 10, 2010, accessed December 10, 2010 .
  10. Croatia's ex-Prime Minister Sanader arrested in Austria. In: The press . December 10, 2010, accessed December 10, 2010 .
  11. Sanader can be delivered to Croatia. In: ORF. May 9, 2011, accessed May 9, 2011 .
  12. Sanader is to be delivered today. In: ORF. July 18, 2011, accessed July 18, 2011 .
  13. Austria extradites Ivo Sanader to Croatia , focus.de, July 19, 2011
  14. Sanader was a consultant for UniCredit. (...) A total of half a million euros in fees . In: volksgruppen.orf.at , accessed on October 17, 2012.
  15. Ivo Sanader does not see himself as a “war profiteer”. Trial against former Croatian head of government opened . In: nzz.ch , November 3, 2011, accessed October 17, 2012.
  16. Sanader gives the first interview since 2010 . In: volksgruppen.orf.at , accessed on October 17, 2012.
  17. welt.de: Croatia's ex-head of government has been imprisoned for ten years . November 20, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2012
  18. ^ Judgment against ex-head of government of Croatia overturned . In: orf.at , July 27, 2015, accessed on July 28, 2015.
  19. Corruption judgment against ex-head of government of Croatia repealed . In: kurier.at , October 1, 2015, accessed on October 9, 2015;
    Adelheid Wölfl: Sanader's release as a symbol of the inability of the judiciary . In: derstandard.at , October 9, 2015, accessed on October 9, 2015.
  20. ^ Justice (...) lived in Tyrol for 14 years . In: tirol.orf.at , December 16, 2010, accessed on January 22, 2011 (German).