Korneli Lyuzianowitsch Selinski

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Korneli Lyuzianowitsch Selinski (1955)

Korneli Ljuzianowitsch Selinski ( Russian Корнелий Люцианович Зелинский ; born January 6 . Jul / 18th January  1896 greg. In Moscow ; † 25. February 1970 ) was a Russian literary critic and publicist .


Selinskis father Ljuzian Teofilowitsch Selinski (1870-1941) came from an old Polish noble family and was as thermal engineering - engineering in the construction of the Livadia Palace on the Crimea involved. After the October Revolution he built the building of the Council for Labor and Defense (now the building of the Russian State Duma ). He worked in the Moscow construction company MosStroi and in the construction department of the NKVD . Selenskis mother Yelisaweta Nikolajewna nee Kisselewa (1869-1945) was a teacher of Russian language and literature and then a housewife.

Selinski attended the 6th Moscow high school with graduation in 1915 and then studied in the philosophy department of the historical - philological faculty of Moscow University with Gustav Speth and Ivan Alexandrowitsch Ilyin with successful graduation in 1918. He then moved to his father in Kronstadt , where he became the Kronstadters Edited and published in the newspaper . 1919–1920 in the Russian Civil War he worked in the Ukraine in Kiev and Kharkov as a military correspondent for ROSTA together with Vladimir Ivanovich Narbut . After the end of the civil war, Selinsky worked for the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Sovnarkom USSR) as editor of the secret information department, and then became secretary of the Little Sovnarkom USSR.

Two years later, Selinski went to Moscow, where he took part in literary life and worked as a literary critic . In his circle came Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky , Vsevolod Vyacheslavovich Ivanov , Leonid Maximovich Leonov , Sergei Alexandrovich Yessenin and Ilya Lvovich Selwinsky .

The direction of literary constructivism had existed since 1922. In 1924, Selinski, Selwinski and Alexei Nikolajewitsch Tschitscherin founded the group Literary Center of Constructivists (LZK) , with poetry taking center stage. The group then came Boris Nikolayevich Agapov , Vera Mikhailovna Inber , Ivan Alexandrovich Aksyonov , Yevgeni Iosifovich Gabrilowitsch , Vladimir Alexandrovich Lugowskoi , Eduard Georgijewitsch Bagrizki , Nikolai Nikolayevich Panov and Alexander Pavlovich Kwjatkowski . In his articles, Selinski described the basics and formulated the principles of literary constructivism. Selinski worked as a correspondent for Izvestia in Paris and was there in 1926 literary assistant to the Soviet ambassador Christian Georgievich Rakovsky . When the ideological control of the CPSU tightened and most of the literary groups disbanded, Selinski announced the end of constructivism in an article in 1930.

On October 26, 1932, Selinsky took part in the meeting of Russian writers with members of the government in Maxim Gorki's apartment, which was also attended by Stalin , Molotov , Kaganovich , Voroshilov and Postyshev . Questions about the establishment of a Union of Soviet Writers were discussed. Selinski alone left detailed notes about this meeting. Selinski participated in the posthumous edition of the anthology of short stories Alexander Grin , for which he wrote the foreword. In it he coined the term Grinlandia for Grin's world, which was then adopted by Grin's followers. Selinsky was one of the authors of the book on the Stalin Canal . Then he restricted his literary activity and wrote only reviews and small articles. In 1940, in his review of the book with poems by Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva, submitted for publication, he described it as formalistic , after which the book did not appear. Together with Nikolai Semjonowitsch Tichonow , Selinski worked on the publication of an anthology with poems by Anna Andrejewna Akhmatova , which finally appeared in Selinski's evacuation place Tashkent during the German-Soviet war in 1943 . Selinsky was in close contact with Alexander Alexandrovich Fadeev and his family. Selinski was working on a book about Fadeev, which only appeared in short form in 1956 after his death. Selinski's recollections of Fadeev's last years were not published until 1989.

On the recommendation of Maxim Gorki, Selinsky dealt with the development of the national literature of the peoples of the USSR . He took a leading role in researching Ukrainian , Latvian and Lithuanian literature in particular . He also dealt with the works of Gorky, Alexei Nikolayevich Tolstoy , Marietta Sergeyevna Schaginjans , Pavel Nikolayevich Vasileva , Romain Rolland , Salvatore Quasimodo , Dmitri Iosifovich Gulias , Zhambyl Schabajews among other things, thanks to the efforts Selinskis to Fadeev, Konstantin Fedin , Mikhail Sholokhov , Tikhonov and other important Soviet writers, and thanks to his work in the cultural department of the Central Committee of the CPSU , the ban on publication of a book by Yessenin, which had existed since 1934 and was seldom interrupted, was lifted. Jessenin's poems were published in small editions in 1953, and in 1955 Selinski edited a larger collection in two volumes together with Pyotr Ivanovich Tschagin .

From 1948 to 1969, Selinski was, with interruptions, a senior research fellow at the Maxim Gorki Institute for World Literature. He took part in the campaign against Boris Leonidowitsch Pasternak , which he later regretted. In 1968 he supported Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn's Open Letter Against Censorship .

Selinski was married four times. His son Vladimir became a writer on religious and philosophical subjects and eventually a Russian Orthodox priest.

Selinsky had a younger brother Vyacheslav (1900-1936) and a younger sister Tamara (1898-1965), who, as the widow of the employee Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev MS Tanin , who was shot in 1937, spent 17 years in the gulag until she and her husband were rehabilitated in 1954.

Selinski was buried in the Peredelkino cemetery.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. zelinski.org: Корнелий Люцианович Зелинский (accessed November 1, 2019).
  2. Зелинский, Корнелий Люцианович . In: Био-библиографический словарь русских писателей XX века . tape 1 , p. 134-1357 ( Wikisource [accessed November 1, 2019]).
  3. a b c ЗЕЛИ́НСКИЙ, Корнелий Люцианович . In: Brief literary encyclopedia . Советская энциклопедия, Moscow 1978 ( [1] [accessed November 1, 2019]).
  4. a b c d Great Soviet Encyclopedia : Зелинский Корнелий Люцианович (accessed November 1, 2019).
  5. Российский Государственный архив литературы и искусства (РГАЛИ). Фонд 1604: Зелинский Корнелий Люцианович (1896–1970) - критик, литературовед (accessed November 1, 2019).
  6. YIVO Institute for Jewish Research: Sel'vinskii, Il'ia L'vovich (accessed October 28, 2019).
  7. Информационная заметка об ЛЦК . In: Поэзия как смысл . Федерация, Moscow 1929.
  8. Зелинский К .: Одна встреча у М. Горького . In: Вопросы литературы . No. 5 , 1991.
  9. Зелинский К .: Жизнь и творчество А.  С.  Грина . In: Грин А. С. Фантастические новеллы . Moscow 1934.
  10. Тименчик Р .: Из именного указателя к « Записным книжкам » Ахматовой . In: История литературы. Поэтика. Кино. Сборник в честь Мариэтты Омаровны Чудаковой . Moscow 2012, p. 430-442 .
  11. Зелинский К .: В июне 1954 г. In: Вопросы литературы . No. 6 , 1989.
  12. Зелинский К .: Литературы народов СССР . 1959.
  13. К. Зелинский. Письмо к К. Федину 12 марта 1968 Машинописная копия с отметкой автора об отправке. Литературный архив К. Л. Зелинского.