City of Zschopau
|Height :||483 (350-598) m|
|Area :||12 km²|
|Residents :||1473 (May 9, 2011)|
|Population density :||123 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1999|
|Postal code :||09434|
|Area code :||03725|
Location of Krumhermersdorf in Saxony
Position and extent
The corridor extends from the Nesselgrund in the northeast to the old Zschopauer Strasse with the goose houses in the southwest. From the Zschopau in the north, the corridor rises from there about 310 to about south of Augustusburger Strasse in the south. Not far from the southern end of the village is the high mushroom heaps .
The place was probably founded in the second half of the 12th century, in the same period as many other places in the area. The settlement of the area was strongly promoted by the monastery of Hersfeld . The place was initially called Hermansdorf or Hermersdorf . In 1323 it and other places in the area were taken away from the knights of Schellenberg (whose castle was the predecessor of today's Augustusburg ) because they had allegedly acted as robber barons. The new landlords were those of Waldenburg . The first written mention of the place comes from this time: 1369.
In the 15th century silver ore was discovered in the town hall near the Zschopau river . However, the related mining has always remained insignificant. Today the tunnels are being restored by a joint venture and made accessible to the public as a visitor mine . A special mineral can be found here in the "Holy Trinity Treasure Trove", pyromorphite .
In the course of the Reformation, which found its way into this part of Saxony in 1539, Krumhermersdorf became an independent parish. In 1567 Cornelius von Rüxleben , August's master hunter of Saxony received the place that was now called Krummen-Hermsdorf (first time in 1539/40: Krom Hermeßdorffe ). From 1654 to 1780 the village belonged to the von Metzsch family in the Augustusburg office . Its members were the first landlords who lived in the village itself.
The oldest church book in the town (from 1613) reports that Krumhermersdorf was completely destroyed by the soldiers of General Holck during the Thirty Years' War . Immediately as a result of this or a subsequent plague epidemic , 700 people died (approx. 90%). The current church was built in 1756. In 1845 there were two schools in the village. The volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1882. In 1909 Krumhermersdorf was connected to the electricity network.
After 1700, the first hosiery workers settled in the village. This homeworking trade gradually developed alongside agriculture to become the main occupation of the Krumhermersdorfer. The earnings were bad, however, because the homeworkers were mostly forced to buy and sell materials through publishers . In the 19th century, these publishers built stocking factories, which stopped the more ineffective homework. A sales crisis led to the temporary closure of the Krumhermersdorfer stocking factories in 1888. To provide social security for the workers concerned, the community gave free food for four weeks, which earned the place the nickname Soupland . At the beginning of the 20th century there were three stocking factories, a corset factory and a handcart factory in Krumhermersdorf .
The central water supply was put into operation in 1928. In an air raid that originally targeted Zschopau , 25 houses and 19 barns were destroyed and 134 houses and 28 barns and farm buildings were damaged on the night of February 14-15, 1945. 19 people died in the hail of bombs.
One of the stocking factories was converted in 1963 to produce table tennis balls. In 2004 only one of the stocking factories was still in operation. Many residents also worked in the Zschopau (MZ) motorcycle factory in the 20th century . Since 1990 up to 50% of the employable population have not been able to find work. Young people in particular are therefore moving to the old federal states.
On January 1, 1999, Krumhermersdorf was incorporated into Zschopau.
Development of the population
After 1945 it had over 3000 inhabitants at times due to refugees and displaced persons . After that this number sank to about 2000 inhabitants. After 1989 it fell again and in 2007 was around 1700 inhabitants.
The districts of Ganshäuser and Feldgüter as well as the scattered settlements on Börnichener Landstrasse belong to the place . Roads connect Krumhermersdorf directly with Zschopau, Waldkirchen and the Börnichener Landstrasse. There is a bus connection to Zschopau and Börnichen.
The place has had its own church since around 1400. The current church was built in 1756.
- 1907 from the adjacent dam Neunzehnhain a raw water transfer to Einsiedel Dam built. The aqueduct of Krumhermersdorf spans the village valley with a bridge with large arches. ( ). A stylized representation of this bridge became part of the town's coat of arms.
- In the 1980s , the local football team Aufbau rose to the GDR league and even took second place in its season, an achievement that was highly regarded at the time. After the significant funding by the dkk Scharfenstein refrigerator factory ceased to exist after 1989, this level could not be maintained.
- Krumhermersdorf is exactly halfway between Halle and Prague on a long - distance trade route that was mentioned before 1200 and on which salt was previously transported to Bohemia .
- Krumhermersdorf, Crumhermsdorf, Krommhermersdorf . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 5th volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1818, p. 230.
- The Krumhermersdorf Parish. in: New Saxon Church Gallery, Ephorie Marienberg. Strauch Verlag, Leipzig, Sp. 365–384 ( digitized version )
- Richard Steche : Krumhermersdorf. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 6th booklet: Amtshauptmannschaft Flöha . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1886, p. 70.
- Small-scale municipality sheet for Zschopau, city. (PDF; 0.23 MB) State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony , September 2014, accessed on January 31, 2015 .
- The middle Zschopau area (= values of our homeland . Volume 28). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1977, pp. 168–171.
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1999
- cf. Krumhermersdorf in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony