Lambert Schneider (publisher)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lambert Schneider (born April 18, 1900 in Cologne , † May 26, 1970 in Heidelberg ) was a German publisher .

Life and Publishing History

Lambert Schneider came from a Catholic family and grew up in Karlsruhe , was a Spartakist during the revolution , studied theater studies and decided at the age of 25 to become a publisher. The Lambert Schneider publishing house was founded in Berlin in 1925 ; the first project was the new translation of the Old Testament initiated by Schneider directly from Hebrew by Martin Buber together with Franz Rosenzweig (Schneider's intention was not a Christianized or philosophically interpreted translation ). Despite Schneider's universalistic intention, Buber and his intellectual environment initially determined the publishing program: Franz Rosenzweig, Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy , Hermann Herrigel , Ernst Michel , new editions of the works of Gustav Landauer (close friends with Buber), Hans Trüb . Other authors were Leo Schestow , Ewald Wasmuth , Hans Kayser . The magazine Die Kreatur was published for three years , edited by a Jew (Buber), a Catholic ( Joseph Wittig ) and a Protestant ( Viktor von Weizsäcker ). In terms of manufacturing and typography, Lambert Schneider initially oriented himself towards Jakob Hegner and later towards Carl Ernst Poeschel .

In the course of the global economic crisis , the publishing house came close to bankruptcy, mainly due to the complex Bible project. Through Leo Baeck's mediation , a cooperation with the philanthropically very active Jewish merchant Salman Schocken came about . In 1931 the publishing house's Judaica was transferred to the Schocken Verlag , newly founded for this purpose , of which Lambert Schneider became the manufacturer and commercial director (see Schocken Verlag library ). After the Schocken Verlag had to be liquidated as a result of the November pogroms in 1938 , the Lambert Schneider Verlag published text editions that were to define the face of the publisher for 50 years: Blaise Pascal , Abelard and Heloisa , Thukydides , Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder , Clemens Brentano , Carmina Burana , Shakespeare , Aristophanes , Plato , Novalis .

When the Salzburg publisher Otto Müller was banned from practicing his profession and was forced to sell his publishing house to a National Socialist functionary for a tenth of its value, Lambert Schneider took over Otto Müller Verlag pro forma on the basis of its actual value.

The publishing house in Berlin and the book warehouse in Leipzig were bombed out. At the mediation of Alfred Weber and Marianne Weber , the American occupation officers brought Lambert Schneider to Heidelberg; he became a license holder and head of the Carl Winter University Press and at the same time received the license for his own publishing house. The monthly Die Wandlung (founded by Karl Jaspers , Werner Krauss , Alfred Weber and Dolf Sternberger ) was published from 1945 to 1949 , as well as under the editorship of u. a. Gustav Radbruch from 1946 to 1950 the South German Law Gazette .

In the years after 1945 Lambert Schneider became chairman of a Heidelberg action group on democracy and free socialism , which was founded on the initiative of Alfred Weber . (The speakers included Adolf Arndt , Heinrich von Brentano , Carlo Schmid , and Alexander Mitscherlich was also involved ). Significant publications by the publisher in the first years after 1945 included a .: Karl Jaspers: The question of guilt (1946); Arthur Rimbaud : Complete poems (bilingual, translation by Walther Küchler , 1946) as well as letters and documents (1961); Marianne Weber : Fulfilled Life (1946); Psyche (edited by Alexander Mitscherlich, years 1–4); Alexander Mitscherlich / Fred Mielke: Science without humanity (1949; new edition under the title Medicine without humanity ); Anne Frank : Diary of Anne Frank (1950, German first edition); Gertrud Kolmar : Das lyrische Werk (1955, first publication of her work). Other authors were Dante Gabriel Rossetti , Rudolf Frank , Ernst Fuhrmann , Werner Kraft , Stéphane Mallarmé and Oskar Loerke .

Lambert Schneider also published most of Martin Buber's German-language works after 1945. After his death in 1970, Lothar and Christa Stiehm continued the Lambert Schneider publishing house. In 1991 the company was sold to the publisher Heinz M. Bleicher . In 1999 the WBG Darmstadt acquired the publishing house (with the exception of the rights to the complete works of Martin Buber, which had recently gone to the Gütersloh publishing house ). The archive of the original Lambert Schneider publishing house is located in the German Literature Archive in Marbach .

Lambert Schneider's first wife was Gert Schimmelburg; she came from a Jewish family and had a fatal accident in 1933. In 1934 he married Marion Schleunig (June 23, 1903 - June 1, 2000), who has worked at the publishing house since 1926. The classical archaeologist Lambert Schneider is a son from this marriage.


  • An account of forty years of publishing work 1925–1965. An almanac. L. Schneider, Heidelberg 1965.
  • Bertold Hack: Lambert Schneider, publisher and publisher. In: Imprimatur. A yearbook for book lovers. New episode, Volume VI (1969)
  • Lambert Schneider publishing house. 60 years of publishing work. Heidelberg 1986 (1986 publisher's catalog; contains extensive bibliographical information, but the out-of-print titles before 1945 and titles from the post-war period that came into the program “by chance” are missing).
  • Dora Fischer-Barnicol:  Schneider, Lambert. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 301 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Hans Altenhein: Lambert Schneider and his publishers. In: From the second-hand bookshop. New series 8, No. 3/4 (2010), pp. 128–141.
  • Lambert Schneider: Biographicum (in: Fritz Hodeige (Hrsg.): Das werck der bucher. On the effectiveness of the book in the past and present , Freiburg 1956; pages 9-18)
  • Lothar Stiehm, the publisher of Albert Schweitzer and Martin Buber, in dialogue with Tomaso Carnetto , in: Albert Schweitzer Rundbrief No. 94 (2002; pages 78-99)
  • "Work grows from within!" - Verlag Lambert Schneider / Lothar Stiehm Verlag (1925–1999). Berlin 2019. ISBN 978-3-945980-38-5 pdf

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Lambert Schneider: Accountability. P. 12
  2. ^ Lambert Schneider: Accountability. Pp. 45-46.
  3. Lothar Stiehm, the publisher of Albert Schweitzer and Martin Buber, in dialogue with Tomaso Carnetto, held on February 13, 2002 in Heidelberg , in: Albert Schweitzer Rundbrief No. 94, ed. from the German Albert Schweitzer Center Frankfurt / M., June 2002; Pp. 78-99
  4. Christa Stiehm: I seek truth, path and life , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-945980-13-2 pdf