Leopold von Kalckreuth

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Leopold von Kalckreuth, photograph by Jacob Hilsdorf

Leopold Karl Walter Graf von Kalckreuth (born May 15, 1855 in Düsseldorf ; † December 1, 1928 at Gut Eddelsen, Hittfeld near Hamburg, today part of Seevetal ) was a German painter , graphic artist and teacher at the Weimar Art School , at the State Academy of the Fine Arts in Karlsruhe and at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart .

He was a portrait, genre and landscape painter of the naturalistic direction and can be assigned to realism . He was one of the painters who decisively determined painting in the second half of the 19th century and around the turn of the century (Thoma, Leibl, Liebermann, etc.). He was also a medalist .

Training and work

Self-portrait , 1906 Leopold von Kalckreuth
Portrait of his wife Bertha, née Countess Yorck von Wartenburg
Cherry-eating boy
Alexander Schnütgen , art collector, (1910)

The son of the painter Stanislaus Graf von Kalckreuth and his wife Anna, née Cauer (1829–1881), attended school in Keilhau from 1863 to 1866 . He studied under his father at the art school in Weimar and moved to Munich in 1878 , where he met Franz von Lenbach . From 1885 he worked as an artist and art teacher in Weimar.

In 1895 he came to the State Academy of Fine Arts in Karlsruhe, but sat in opposition to Ferdinand Keller and left Karlsruhe again in 1899, after he was unable to assert himself with Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden . He also worked in Stuttgart and, from 1906, near Hamburg . There he was a member of the Hamburg Artists' Association from 1832 . With the appointment by King Wilhelm II of Württemberg, Count Leopold von Kalckreuth and his Karlsruhe colleagues Robert Poetzelberger and Carlos Grethe transferred to the Stuttgart Art School, which, under the directorate of Kalckreuths (1900–1905) “by virtue of the highest resolution” of April 23, 1901 the title "Royal Academy of Fine Arts" and thus received university rank. Von Kalckreuth also ensured that the Stuttgart artists received a forum that enabled them to exhibit. After his arrival in Stuttgart, he and six other artists founded the Stuttgarter Künstlerbund eV, which still exists today and is Germany's oldest artist association. In 1903 Kalckreuth was elected the first president of the newly founded German Association of Artists . In 1912 the 4th graphic exhibition of the DKB in Chemnitz was supplemented by a special exhibition in his honor.

In 1908 he was one of the founding members of the Silesian Artists' Union in Breslau . In 1914 he was one of the signatories of the manifesto of the 93 . Since 1926 von Kalckreuth was a member of the Pour le Mérite for science and the arts . In 1927 he was awarded the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art .

He was one of the preferred selection of contemporary artists that the "Committee for the Procurement and Assessment of Stollwerck Pictures" suggested to the Cologne chocolate producer Ludwig Stollwerck to commission them with drafts.

Leopold von Kalckreuth died in December 1928 at the age of 73 on Gut Eddelsen near Hittfeld / Seevetal in Lower Saxony near Hamburg. He was married to Bertha Countess Yorck von Wartenburg (* July 2, 1864; † February 25, 1928) and father of the young poet and translator Wolf von Kalckreuth (1887-1906) and Johannes von Kalckreuth, who wrote his biography composed. His daughter Anna married the German-Dutch banker and art collector Franz Koenigs . His students included Ernst Biedermann , Karl Hofer , James Pitcairn-Knowles , Wilhelm Laage and Emil Rudolf Weiß .

Factory selection

Landscape paintings, portraits, scenes from rural life, including:

  • Dachau funeral procession canvas, 170 × 300 cm (1883, art collections in Weimar)
  • Gleaners , 1888, canvas, 70 × 95 cm. Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum.
  • Summer (1890, Kunsthalle in Bremen)
  • Boy Eating Cherries, (1893, Weimar Art Collection in the Castle Museum)
  • Age , 1894, canvas, 116 × 172 cm, Dresden, Pillnitz Castle .
  • Gleaners , 1894, canvas, 178 × 167 cm. Stuttgart, State Gallery.
  • Dückdalben in the Port of Hamburg , 1894, canvas, 140 × 201 cm. Hamburg, art gallery.
  • The rainbow , 1896, canvas, 70 × 100 cm. Munich, New State Gallery.
  • Little John , 1899, canvas, 62 × 45 cm. Wiesbaden, Municipal Museum, Picture Gallery.
  • Sunday mood at the Landungsbrücke (1901, Hamburg, Kunsthalle)
  • Twilight hour , 1909, canvas, 81 × 111 cm. Hamburg, art gallery.
  • Alexander Schnütgen , art collector (1910), Cologne, Museum Schnütgen.
  • Alfred Lichtwark (1912, Hamburg, Kunsthalle) 99 × 86 cm.
  • The actor Karl Bozenhard , 1926, canvas, 85 × 80 cm. Hamburg, art gallery.
  • The sailing ship when painted unknown. Size unknown, print, 30 × 25 cm. Fuerteventura, private property.

See also


  • Alfred Lichtwark: Letters to Count Leopold von Kalckreuth. Edited by Carl Schellenberg. Wegner, Hamburg 1957
  • Johannes Kalckreuth: Essence and work of my father. Life picture of the painter Count Leopold von Kalckreuth. Edited by Hans Mollier. Christians, Hamburg 1967
  • Wolfgang Freiherr von Löhneysen:  Kalckreuth Grafen, Leopold. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1977, ISBN 3-428-00192-3 , pp. 51-53 ( digitized version ).
  • Ortrun Gutjahr & David Graf von Kalckreuth: “It's all about surviving”. Wolf Graf von Kalckreuth in the picture of his father Leopold and in Rilke's Requiem. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann 2005

Individual evidence

  1. artist. Leopold Karl Walter Count of Kalckreuth. German Society for Medal Art, accessed on November 29, 2014 .
  2. Wolfgang Kermer : Data and images on the history of the State Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart . Stuttgart: Edition Cantz, 1988 (= improved reprint from: The State Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart: a self-portrayal . Stuttgart, Edition Cantz, 1988), o. P. [6].
  3. deutsche-biographie.de: Kalckreuth Grafen, Leopold (accessed on September 5, 2015)
  4. kuenstlerbund.de: 4th graphic exhibition of the Deutscher Künstlerbund (May 2nd, 1912 to June 30th, 1912, Chemnitz) ( Memento of the original from March 4th, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on September 5, 2015) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kuenstlerbund.de
  5. Lorenz, Detlef: Reklamekunst um 1900. Artist lexicon for collecting pictures, Reimer-Verlag, 2000.

Web links

Commons : Leopold von Kalckreuth  - Collection of images, videos and audio files