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Coat of arms of Leuk
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of ValaisCanton of Valais Valais (VS)
District : Leuk
BFS no. : 6110i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 3953
Coordinates : 615 081  /  129632 coordinates: 46 ° 19 '5 "  N , 7 ° 38' 4"  O ; CH1903:  615,081  /  129632
Height : 731  m above sea level M.
Height range : 548–2965 m above sea level M.
Area : 55.15  km²
Residents: 3949 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 72 inhabitants per km²
Website: www.leuk.ch
Look at Leuk

Look at Leuk

Location of the municipality
Tälliseeli Daubensee Lämmerensee Lac de Tseuzier Stausee Ferden Illsee Meretschisee Medisee Kanton Bern Bezirk Brig Bezirk Hérens Bezirk Siders Bezirk Sitten Bezirk Visp Bezirk Visp Bezirk Westlich Raron Agarn Albinen Ergisch Gampel-Bratsch Guttet-Feschel Inden VS Leuk Leukerbad Oberems VS Salgesch Turtmann-Unterems Turtmann-Unterems Varen VSMap of Leuk
About this picture

Leuk ( French Loèche , Valais German Leigg ) is a political municipality , a civic community with a civic council and the capital of the Leuk district and a parish of the dean's office Leuk in the German-speaking part of the Swiss canton of Valais .

Aerial photo (1946)

The community consists of the localities Leuk-Stadt, Susten and since January 1, 2013 Erschmatt as well as several hamlets . The hamlets of Brunnen, Lichten, Rotafen, St. Barbara and Thel are located on the northern slope of the Rhone Valley. Besides Getwing, which is located on the right bank, standing on the left side of Rottens the hamlet Briannen, Feithieren, Gampinen, Pfyn and Pletschen. Two thirds of the community's residents live in Susten.


Leuk is located on the northern slope and in the plain of the Rhone Valley and on the eastern slope of the Dalatals , east of the mouth of the Dala in the Rotten.


The area of ​​Leuk was already settled in the Stone Age over 4000 years ago. It is assumed that the place name Leuk comes from pre-Celtic times and that the permanent settlement began at this time. The area of ​​Leuk was settled and influenced successively by Ligurians, Celts, Romans, Burgundians, Franks and Alemanni. The oldest surviving document mentioning Leuks is dated to the year 515 AD. In 1142 Leuk was acquired by the Bishop of Sitten , who thus became the sovereign. The bishop's palace in Leuk served the bishops as a summer residence. In 1256 Leuk received city rights.

Thanks to its location at the junction of east-west and south-north traffic, the place became an important trading center. The Gemmi Pass in the north was already used intensively by the Romans, which is proven by countless finds.

Viticulture has been practiced on the sunny southern slopes since Roman times. The Celts were already familiar with alpine pasture and pasture farming. In the Middle Ages there were over 20 mills in Leuk. In addition, trading posts and lawyers were also based in Leuk.

Leuk was the center of the Reformation in Valais with Bartholomäus Allet and his son-in-law Michael Mageran as leaders. Under Mageran, the bishop's secular and ecclesiastical power was broken by morals.

From 1915 to 1967 the narrow-gauge Leuk-Leukerbad Railway ran from the Leuk SBB station via the Leuk Stadt station up to Leukerbad .

In 1974 the satellite ground station Leuk ( Swisscom ) was put into operation on a hill 1 km east of Leuk .

With effect from January 1, 2013 Erschmatt was incorporated into Leuk.


Population development
year 1850 1900 1950 2000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Residents 1042 1592 2336 3361 3659 3675 3712 3724 3842 3915 3947


The municipal council consists of seven members and is elected for four years on a proportional basis. For the current legislative period from 2017 to 2020, the party-political composition is as follows: 4 CSPs, 2 CVPs and 1 SP.

coat of arms

A griffin is the heraldic animal of Leuk. The griffin is a mythical creature made up of a lion and an eagle. This indicates mastery over earth and air.

Leuk Castle Foundation

The Leuk Bishop's Palace was handed over to the Leuk Castle Foundation in 1996 by the Leuk community . The foundation has set itself the task of restoring the early Romanesque castle and filling it with new life. The architectural part of this task was taken over by the Ticino star architect Mario Botta , who had already designed the striking glass dome on the castle tower. The foundation initiated the Spycher: Leuk Literature Prize in 2001 .


  • Johannes Werra (–1537), Governor (1524–1525)
  • Peter Allet (around 1510–1569), Governor (1558–1559, 1564–1565, 1568–1569)
  • Bartholomäus Allet (1540–1620), governor, lord of the banner and officer in foreign service.
  • Michael Mageran (around 1575–1638), Governor (1631–1638)
  • Franz Joseph Melchior Zen Ruffinen (1729–1790), Bishop of Sion (1780–1790)
  • Augustin Sulpiz Zen Ruffinen (1765–1829), Bishop of Sion (1817–1829)
  • Franz Kaspar Zen Ruffinen (1803–1861), State Councilor (1840–1843, 1848–1855)
  • Ignaz Zen Ruffinen (1809–1890), State Councilor (1843–1847, 1871–1876)
  • Alexis Allet (1820–1888), State Councilor (1855–1870)
  • Julius Zen Ruffinen (1847–1926), State Councilor (1897–1905)
  • Raphael von Werra (1852–1910), State Councilor (1906–1910)
  • Otto Bayard (1881–1957), father of iodine prophylaxis
  • Franz von Werra (1914–1941), German fighter pilot in World War II
  • Raphael von Werra (* 1926), federal judge (1970–1987)
  • Michel Villa (* 1955), singer and entertainer
  • Roberto Schmidt (* 1962), State Councilor, former National Councilor, former Mayor of Leuk
  • Rolf Hermann (* 1973), writer
  • Rabea Grand (* 1984), ski racer

Personalities worked or died in the Leuk

  • Anton de Augustini (born August 4, 1743 in Macugnaga ; † June 18, 1823 in Leuk), lawyer and notary, governor of Monthey , member of the provisional board of directors of the Valais , co-author of the Valais criminal and civil code, member of the Helvetic directorate


  • Roman hearth
  • Ossuary under St. Stephen's Church with a 20 meter long skull wall: two wall paintings with dance of death scenes from around 1520 have been preserved on the foundation pillar
  • Gothic St. Stephen's Church
  • town hall
  • Episcopal Castle
  • Pfynwald
  • Devil's bridge
  • Castle de Werra in the Leuk-Stadt district



Web links

Commons : Leuk  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Leuk  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. ^ Frédéric Giroud: Anton de Augustini. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . February 18, 2010 , accessed April 27, 2020 .
  3. Hans Georg Wehrens: The dance of death in the Alemannic language area. "I have to do it - and don't know what". Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2012, pp. 140 f., ISBN 978-3-7954-2563-0 .