Praha hlavní nádraží

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Praha hlavní nádraží
overall view
overall view
Design Through station
Platform tracks 16 (including 3 head tracks)
abbreviation Praha hl.n.
IBNR 5400014
opening 1871
Architectural data
Architectural style Art Nouveau
architect Josef Fanta
City / municipality Prague
Place / district Vinohrady
Capital Prague
Country Czech Republic
Coordinates 50 ° 4 '59 "  N , 14 ° 26' 7"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 4 '59 "  N , 14 ° 26' 7"  E
Height ( SO ) 210  m
Railway lines
List of train stations in the Czech Republic
i8 i16 i18

Praha hlavní nádraží (abbreviation Praha hl.n. , German Prague main station ) is the most important long-distance train station in Prague and the largest passenger train station inthe Czech Republic .

In 2014, 27,714,000 passengers (around 76,000 per day) and 224,505 trains were handled.


It is a through station east of the city center with a southwest-northeast orientation. To the south-west, the Prague connecting railway in the direction of Smíchov and Vršovice connects to the station area, to the north the tracks merge into the so-called " New Connection " (Nové spojení) in the direction of Holešovice , Vysočany and Libeň . In addition, there was a northern continuation of the Prague connecting line towards Masaryk station until the Nové spojení was built .

The platform hall has two aisles, they cover a house platform and three island platforms with seven platform and one locomotive track. Three other island platforms with six platform tracks are located outside the platform hall, they are provided with individual platform roofs. The platform tracks are divided into two departure positions by train cover signals; they are indicated on the displays with S for “sever” (north) and J for “jih” (south). In contrast to the usual practice, the display boards do not show tracks, only platforms. The platforms can be reached through three pedestrian tunnels. The accessibility is problematic, because only via the northern platform tunnel. There are only elevators to the platforms in the hall. The platforms outside the hall can be reached via ramps that start from the tunnel to the north, resulting in particularly long distances to and from the trains at the southern stopping positions. There are also three head tracks, two on the south and one on the north side.

On the east side there is a loading facility for motorail trains. There are no parking and handling facilities for coaches and locomotives due to lack of space; they are located in the neighboring Libeň and Vršovice stations (South parking station).

The station has the postal address Wilsonova 300/8.


New Kaiser-Franz-Joseph-Bahnhof, 1909
Historic main entrance
Art Nouveau entrance hall

Today's Prague Central Station was founded in 1871 on the route of the Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Bahn , which continued north from Vienna via Budweis , and was initially called Kaiser-Franz-Joseph-Bahnhof (Nádraží císaře Františka Josefa). The first building was designed by the architects Vojtech Ignaz Ullmann and Anton Viktor Barvitius . In the years 1901–1909 - in addition to the technical expansions - the handling facilities were converted into today's splendid Art Nouveau building according to the design of the important architect Josef Fanta . After the First World War , the station was renamed Wilson Station (Wilsonovo nádraží) after the American President Woodrow Wilson . Both under the German occupation (1939-1945) and from 1953 it was called Hlavní nádraží (Central Station) and this name he kept after 1989, although the renaming of Wilsonovo nádraží was discussed.

Reconstruction and modernization

In connection with the construction of the Prague subway , the main station received a new, two-part entrance hall, partially built into the slope, around 1970. Since then, the station has been accessible from Washingtonova. In the first part of the hall are the entrances to the platforms of Line C , which went into operation in 1974 , behind the ticket offices. Stairs lead to the second part of the hall, which is primarily used as a waiting area. From here you can reach the platforms via pedestrian tunnels. The roof areas of the entrance hall are used as parking areas for vehicles, and the Wilsonova expressway runs above it.

In 1994 three more platforms with the numbers 5 to 7 were put into operation outside the hall.

Around a century after it was built, the main station's reception building also urgently needed to be renovated. In December 2006, the renovation began, based on the proposals of the Czech architect Patrik Kotas . The total cost was estimated at around 1.6 billion Czech crowns (around 66 million euros). The renovation was managed and financed by the Italian company Grandi Stazioni , a subsidiary of the Italian State Railways , which will keep the station building available for 30 years. The building was restored in the secession style and extensively modernized. The station was largely transformed into a shopping center.

In addition to the modernization of the building, the direct access routes from the north and northeast have also been rebuilt since 2004. With the project of the new connection (Nové spojení), the main train station was connected directly to the Holešovice train station , bypassing the Masarykovo nádraží terminus.

Long-distance transport

The main station is an international transport hub for train connections from Germany ( EuroCity / ALEX to Regensburg and Munich as well as EC to Hamburg , Berlin and Dresden ), Poland , Slovakia (including once a day as SuperCity Pendolino Košičan to Žilina , Poprad and Košice ), Serbia , Hungary , Romania , Bulgaria , Russia , Belarus , Ukraine and Austria . In addition to express trains, InterCity , EuroCity and SuperCity trains also operate here, the latter with the new Pendolino ( ČD series 680 ) and, since December 2014, the Railjet , which runs from here to Graz Hauptbahnhof via Vienna . There is a direct EuroNight connection to Prague from Zurich main station .

The north-south trains (e.g. Berlin , Dresden , Brno , Vienna , Budapest ) did not pass through the main train station for a long time, as the line capacity on the single-track access route from Praha-Libeň and Praha-Holešovice was insufficient. Therefore, these trains only stopped at the Praha-Holešovice station . Since the opening of the four-track “ New Connection ” (Nové spojení) at the time of the timetable change in December 2009, trains on this route have also been running via the main station, where they change direction.

Almost all of these long-distance trains have ended in Prague since December 2015. From Berlin to Budapest you have to change here.

In addition to international routes, there are connections to all the major cities in the Czech Republic, such as Brno , České Budějovice , Karlovy Vary , Olomouc , Ostrava , Plzeň and Ústí nad Labem .

Regional traffic

The main train station is connected to a dense network of regional routes in the Central Bohemian region of Esko Prague .

Urban transport

The trains of the underground line C stop at the main station. Because of the original plans for an underground tram, the platform hall is only at a simple depth and has side platforms that are unsuitable for non-local travelers. This planning can also still be recognized from the large room height that would have been required for the contact line . The construction work was too far advanced for a change after the decision to build a full subway.

There are bus stops in the immediate vicinity. A walk of several hundred meters is required to get to the tram and the neighboring Praha Masarykovo nádraží train station .

Reception hall before renovation (2005)

Picture gallery

Web links

Commons : Praha hlavní nádraží  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Only trains of the České dráhy
  2. Technická správa komunikací hl. m. Prahy / annual report 2014 (transport) ; Retrieved July 20, 2015
  3. Article  in:  Wiener Bilder , No. 4/1909 (Volume XIV), January 27, 1909, pp. 8 and 9. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrb.
  4. Praha hlavní nádraží. In: Retrieved April 10, 2017 .
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