Růžovský vrch (Rosenberg), seen from Noldenberg
|Development||Construction of the first observation tower in 1881|
The Růžovský vrch , also Růžák ( German Rosenberg ) is the mountain dominant in the right-Elbe Bohemian Switzerland (619 m) in the Czech Republic . Its almost circular cone shape makes it one of the most typical representatives of the mountains in North Bohemia . The upper part of the mountain is made of basalt , while sandstone can also be found at the base . The flanks of the mountain are covered with an almost primeval deciduous forest, in which the mighty beeches and maples are particularly impressive. The mountain has been under nature protection as a national nature reserve since 1973 , and has been in the core zone of the Bohemian Switzerland National Park since 2000 .
Location and surroundings
The RŮŽOVSKÝ VRCH located in rechtselbischen part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains , about 10 km northeast of Decin ( Decin ). At the foot of the mountain are the communities Růžová ( Rosendorf ) and Srbská Kamenice ( Windisch-Kamnitz ). To the north of the mountain - in the midst of extensive forests - there is the small village of Kamenická Stráň ( Kamnitzleiten ), which is known for its well-preserved half-timbered houses .
The first wooden observation tower was built on the summit in 1881 . Shortly afterwards, a small wooden mountain inn was built. A lightning strike destroyed the observation tower, so that a new building had to be built as early as 1893 . This tower also only existed for a few years, in 1903 a storm simply overturned the tower. The new tower built in 1904 then existed until 1936 . The famous view attracted many tourists at that time, up to 10,000 visitors annually were counted on the mountain. When the mountain inn burned down in 1931 , the decline began as a tourist attraction. After 1945 only a few hikers came to the mountain, only since the political change in 1989 has the flow of visitors increased again. Today the Rosenberg is a destination especially for nature lovers.
In addition to the mighty beeches and maples , some old mountain elms also characterize the primeval forest in the summit area . As everywhere in Europe, these trees are also affected by Dutch elm disease. However, the mountain is famous for the rare plants at the foot of these trees. Typically include: Neunblättrige tooth root , onion tooth root , wood violets , Daphne Mezereum , Cramp , Spring Pea .
A view from the summit is hardly possible today. Only in the winter months does the view open to the north into Bohemian Switzerland .
Paths to the summit
- Lowest starting point is the community Růžová ( Rose Village ). The route marked in yellow begins in the center of the village by the rebuilt baroque church.
- Perhaps the most beautiful route to the Rosenberg begins in Vysoká Lípa ( Hohenleipa ), passes the former ground mill , touches Kamenická Stráň ( Kamnitzleiten ), and then suddenly leads up to the summit.
- Another good starting point is Srbská Kamenice ( Windischkamnitz ).
- Peter Rölke (Ed.): Hiking and nature guide Bohemian Switzerland, Berg- und Naturverlag Rölke 2011, ISBN 978-3-934514-07-2