Sigrid Hunke (born April 26, 1913 in Kiel ; † June 15, 1999 in Hamburg ) was a German religious scholar, Germanist and representative of a unitarian neo-Paganism . Hunke is regarded as a critic of Christianity while at the same time admiring Islam and Arabism, as well as a pioneer of the New Right .
Sigrid Hunke was a daughter of Heinrich Hunke (1879-1953), owner of Walter G. Mühlau Verlag, and his wife Hildegard Lau (born September 19, 1879 in Schöneberg; † February 20, 1944 in Bad Hersfeld ). The mother was a daughter of the engineer Thies Peter Lau (1844-1933) and his wife Walewska Berta Anna, née Artelt (1856-1943). Hunke had two sisters, including Waltraud Hunke , who later took over his father's bookstore.
Hunke studied systematic and comparative religious studies , philosophy , psychology and journalism in Kiel, Freiburg and Berlin, among others with Martin Heidegger and Eduard Spranger . According to her own statements, she began her “political work” in 1934 with the National Socialist Student Union (NSDStB). She was a leading member of the NSDStB at the local level and from 1936 in the Berlin Gaustudentenführung and from May 1, 1937 a member of the NSDAP .
At the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin she received her doctorate from the influential racial theorist of the Third Reich Ludwig Ferdinand Clauss with a dissertation on the origin and effect of foreign models on German people in 1941. From 1940 to 1941 she worked together with her sister Waltraud in the “Germanic Science Mission” looking for volunteers for the Waffen SS ; In 1940 she applied for a research grant on “Race and Role Model in Germany” at the Research Foundation of German Ahnenerbe and published in its journal Germanien .
Christianity was rejected by her as "alien" and "orientalist" or "Jewish"; she was looking for her own European models of world interpretation and Germanic mysticism. After marrying Peter H. Schulze, a member of the security service of the Reichsführer SS (SD) in 1942, she lived in Tangier , then Spanish Morocco , until 1944 , where Schulze had been seconded. Her son Hagen Schulze was born there. Most recently she lived as a freelance writer in Bonn . She was best known for her work, Allah's Sun over the Occident , which appeared in 1960 and has been translated into numerous languages. For this book she was honored by the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs in Cairo , of which she became a member.
In the 1950s she joined the German Unitarian religious community , of which she was vice-president from 1971 to 1983. Later she also became honorary chairwoman of the German Unitarians. However, she then left them because of alleged “leftist tendencies” and joined the Bund Deutscher Unitarians - Religionsgemeinschaft Europäische Geistes (BDU), which split off from the German Unitarians in 1989 and publishes the magazine Glaub und Wirken .
From 1986 Hunke was a permanent employee in the Thule seminar . According to Felix Wiedemann, she was also a member of this right-wing extremist association. She also published in Elements on Metapolitics , the journal of the Thule Seminar.
Until her death she was also chairwoman of the board of trustees of the Sigrid-Hunke-Gesellschaft eV
According to the historian Felix Wiedemann, Hunke was a pioneer for the religious designs of right-wing intellectual circles of the “New Right”. She significantly influenced Alain de Benoist and the French Nouvelle Droite . With her construction of an "allegedly European paganism" and her "decidedly pro-Arab stance", Hunke influenced some of the so-called "New Right". As a new right pioneer, Hunke claims that the Enlightenment is a non-European “foreign body” that needs to be fought.
With regard to the role of the “Nordic woman” in society, according to the psychologist Birgit Rommelspacher , Hunke is an influential theoretician of the “new right”. For the theologian Marie-Theres Wacker , Hunke was “the most prominent German-speaking representative of the New Right”.
Pierre Krebs , himself a pioneer of the “New Right” in Germany and founder of the Thule Seminar , emphasized the identity-political work of his colleague Hunke and called her a “sorceress of life, as the holy guardian of identity, origin and heritage”.
Awards and honors
- 1981: Kant plaque (German Academy for Education and Culture in Munich, right-wing extremist)
- 1985: Schiller Prize of the German Cultural Association of European Spirit (right-wing extremist)
- 1988: Egyptian Order Pour le Mérite for Science and Art
- Training letter “Racial Souls” , 1935
- Origin and effect of foreign role models on German people , dissertation Berlin 1941
- In the beginning there were men and women. Models and changes in gender relations , Hamm 1955
- Allah's Sun over the Occident - Our Arab Heritage , Stuttgart 1960 (paperback edition: Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-596-15088-4 )
- The empire is dead - long live Europe. A European Ethics , Hanover 1965
- Europe's other religion. Overcoming the religious crisis , Düsseldorf 1969
- The end of the conflict. Diagnosis and therapy of a sick society , Bergisch Gladbach 1971
- The post-communist manifesto. Dialectical Unitarianism as an Alternative , Stuttgart 1974
- Camels on the imperial coat. German-Arab encounters since Charlemagne , Stuttgart 1976
- Belief and knowledge. The unity of European religion and natural science , Düsseldorf 1979
- Europe's own religion. The Faith of Heretics , Bergisch Gladbach 1983
- Death - what's your point , Pfullingen 1986
- From the fall of the West to the rise of Europe. Change of consciousness and future perspectives , Rosenheim 1989
- Allah is very different. Unveiling of 1001 prejudices about the Arabs , Bad König 1990 ( see also: Saladin )
- Understand , in: race. Monthly of the Nordic Movement, 1936, pp. 86–91.
- The dualistic model of Europe , in: Philosophical Dictionary, ed. v. G. Schischkoff, Stuttgart 1965.
- The future of our imperishable inheritance in man and woman , in: Elements for Metapolitics, 2nd edition (June / Sept.), 1987, pp. 27–34.
- Renate Bitzan: Right spirit made of woman's feathers. Articles by women in right-wing magazines 1985–93 . 1994.
- Horst Junginger: Sigrid Hunke. Europe's New Religion and its Old Stereotypes . In: Hubert Cancik , Uwe Puschner (Hrsg.): Anti-Semitism, Paganism, Völkische Religion. Anti-semitism, paganism, voelkish religion. Saur, Munich 2004, pp. 151-163. ISBN 3-598-11458-3 .
- Jens Mecklenburg (ed.): Handbook of German right-wing extremism . Elefanten Press, Berlin 1996. ISBN 3-88520-585-8 .
- Stefanie von Schnurbein: Concepts of femininity in new-Germanic paganism and in feminist spirituality , in: Fanitfa Marburg (ed.), Kameradinnen. Women knitting on the brown net , Unrast, Münster 1995, pp. 113-136. ISBN 3-928300-25-3 .
- Miro Jennerjahn : New Rights and Paganism. On the functionality of an ideological construct. European University Theses, Series XXXI Political Science, Volume 525; Peter Lang European Science Publishing House, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-631-54826-5 (plus diploma thesis, Free University of Berlin 2005).
- Felix Wiedemann: racial mother and rebel. Images of witches in romanticism, folk movement, neo-paganism and feminism. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2007, ISBN 3-8260-3679-4 , pp. 188ff (also dissertation, Free University Berlin 2006).
- Stephanie Dewor: Self- Image of Right Women. Pia Sophie Rogge-Börner & Dr. Sigrid Hunke - Right Ideologists and Women's Rights Activists of the 20th Century , Verlag Dr. Kovac, Hamburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-8300-6363-6 .
- Literature by and about Sigrid Hunke in the catalog of the German National Library
- Horst Junginger: “ Sigrid Hunke: Europe's New Religion and its Old Stereotypes ”
- cf. Horst Junginger: Sigrid Hunke: Europe's New Religion and its Old Stereotypes
- Friedrich Schmidt-Sibeth: Hunke, Heinrich . in: Biographical Lexicon for Schleswig-Holstein and Lübeck . Wachholtz, Neumünster 1982–2011. Vol. 9 - 1991. ISBN 3-529-02649-2 , page 154.
- Wolfgang Benz, Brigitte Mihok, Volume 2 of Handbook of Antisemitism: Anti-Semitism in Past and Present , Walter de Gruyter 2010, p. 390
- Sigrid Hunke in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
- Kerstin Hammann: Women in the right-wing extremist spectrum: Analyzes and Prevention , VAS, 2002, p. 52.
- Felix Wiedemann: Racial Mother and Rebellin : Images of Witches in Romanticism, Völkischer Movement, Neo-Paganism and Feminism , Königshausen & Neumann, 2007, p. 189.
- Felix Wiedemann, The Relationship of the Extreme Right to Religion , In: Fabian Virchow, Martin Langebach, Alexander Häusler, Handbook for Right-Wing Extremism , Springer Verlag 2016, p. 518
- Karl-Heinz Baum in conversation with right-wing extremism expert Miro Jennerjahn, Disguised Antisemitism , In: Die Neue Gesellschaft. Frankfurter Hefte, Heft 10, 2007, p. 17
- Birgit Rommelspacher, The Gender Relationship in Right-Wing Extremism , In: Wilfried Schubarth, Right-Wing Extremism in the Federal Republic of Germany: Eine Bilanz , Springer Verlag 2013, p. 215
- Marie-Theres Wacker, Of goddesses, gods and the only god: Studies on biblical monotheism from a feminist-theological point of view , LIT-Verlag 2004, p. 82
- elements , June / Sept. 1987, No. 3, p. 2.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German religious scholar and Germanist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 26, 1913|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kiel|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 15, 1999|
|Place of death||Hamburg|