Federal Agency for Telecommunications Statistics
The Federal Agency for Telecommunications Statistics ( BFSt ) was a code name for branch offices of the Federal Intelligence Service (BND) until 2014 . The branch offices belong to the Technical Reconnaissance Department (TA), formerly Department II.
The designation should suggest the position as a federal authority . This has also been officially confirmed. The seat of the fictitious federal authority is said to have been Stockdorf , municipality of Gauting , in the district of Starnberg .
The telecommunications and electronic reconnaissance of the Federal Intelligence Service began with its organizational predecessor, the Organization Gehlen (OG). In 1947, the Gehlen Organization's first shortwave listening station was set up in Kransberg Castle near Bad Nauheim . In addition to this, the first "Horch control center" with 50 employees went into operation in nearby Butzbach . During this time, other former employees from the area of the former intelligence services " Abwehr " and Research Office of the Air Force only met Organization Gehlen. After Colonel a. D. Leo Hepp had taken over the management of the listening recording, Gehlen expanded the order. As part of the gathering of news about the Berlin blockade , the first recording in the VHF / UHF area of the 24th Soviet Front Air Army (24th FLA) was carried out by the Gehlen Organization from the Hohe Meißner . It quickly became necessary for the Gehlen organization to set up additional direction finding and listening points for short-wave recording in Germany as a result of the expansion of recording activities.
In 1954 the Gehlen organization began using British technology from the time of the Second World War for the first time with mobile radio measurement recording, especially of radar signals on the border with the German Democratic Republic .
After joining NATO and the establishment of the Bundeswehr , parts of telecommunications and electronic reconnaissance were transferred to the Federal Ministry of Defense as part of the military intelligence system . The question arose of the distribution of competencies in technical reconnaissance between the Bundeswehr, founded on November 12, 1955, and the Federal Intelligence Service, established on April 1, 1956.
At this time, the "listening point A" of the Gehlen organization was set up in Kransberg . The radio evaluation was later moved from Oberursel to Kransberg. Then this registration point was moved to Butzbach . In Butzbach there had been a command post for "Listening Station A" Kransberg since around 1948. In the meantime, the code name "Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics" (BFSt) has been used.
"Listening point B" was set up in Berlin-Tempelhof from 1950 with American approval . She later moved to a French property in Reinickendorf in the French sector of Berlin. As early as 1948, Kransberg apparently carried out the test collection operation on the Hoher Meißner. The VHF / UHF radio communications of the Soviet air forces in the Soviet occupation zone could be monitored much more effectively from there. This was interesting against the political background of the Allied airlift to Berlin that followed.
The "listening point C" was set up in Söcking near Starnberg in Upper Bavaria , the "listening point D" from around 1956 in Husum . At times, Bremen / Bremerhaven ( American occupation zone ) were also monitored.
Today the Technical Reconnaissance Department (TA) of the Federal Intelligence Service is responsible for technical reconnaissance. The Federal Intelligence Service has a good international reputation in the field of telecommunications and electronic reconnaissance .
Little is publicly known about the current technical possibilities of technical reconnaissance of the BND and related Bundeswehr facilities. In 2010 a cooperation between the Federal Intelligence Service and Siemens became known. There has also been a trusting collaboration with Rohde & Schwarz in Munich for decades . In the field of telecommunications intelligence, the Federal Intelligence Service prefers to work with German electronics manufacturers. Employees of German companies who have supplied telephone systems or eavesdropping technology to Arab countries were later often also involved in decryption in the service of the Federal Intelligence Service.
Clearance rate in news traffic
In the course of 2011, the messaging service checked nearly 2.9 million emails and SMS . After evaluating the search, there were “intelligence-relevant material” in 290 cases. This corresponded to a "success rate of 0.01 percent". Vice-government spokesman Georg Streiter announced that “only a limited part of international telecommunications is subject to surveillance by the Federal Intelligence Service. The numbers are declining. In 2010, the intelligence service recorded around 38 million 'telecommunications traffic', and in 2011 less than three million. "
The branch offices were partly operated by the Federal Intelligence Service alone, but also through cooperation agreements with the Bundeswehr ( Office for Intelligence in the Bundeswehr ), the Federal Border Guard and the services of NATO allies. From 1990 many of these facilities were dismantled or dismantled.
The following non-exhaustive list shows branch offices of the Federal Intelligence Service that were disguised as the Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics:
- Augsburg “Drehpunkt” / Bramstedtlund : Large-scale remote direction finding system “Kastagnette” designed as a Wullenwever antenna in Bramstedtlund (near Flensburg ) and the BND branch in Gablingen (exposed on June 6, 2014 by the BND as part of the so-called “transparency offensive”). The combination of the DF results allows the very precise, almost worldwide acquisition and real-time tracking of transmitters, primarily in the long and medium wave range, but also in the short wave range. The "Bramstedtlund radio transmission / reception center" is now operated by the 911 Electronic Warfare Battalion.
- Bad Aibling : "Seeland-Torfstich" and "Objekt Orion": In the former Bad Aibling station of the National Security Agency (NSA) and in the premises of the former Mangfall barracks is the BND branch in Bad Aibling . Until 2014 it was disguised as the "Telecommunications Long Distance Service of the Bundeswehr" ("FmWVStBw"). According to Edward Snowden , metadata are said to have been forwarded to the NSA from here.
- Berlin in Berlin-Waidmannslust in Cyclopstrasse / Rue Montesquieu in the Cité Foch , the BND operated a tower for electronic reconnaissance, which it had taken over from the French intelligence service. This was demolished in 2003.
- Braunschweig : Branch of the "Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics", monitoring of Inmarsat satellite communication
- Hof : “Horse stable”, see Bundeswehr Central Investigation Center for Technical Reconnaissance
- BND branch in Husum : "Neptun-Seehaus", "Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics, Testing Center" (revealed in August 2016 in the course of a request for the Freedom of Information Act )
- Kassel : "Heckenrose-Kurfürst", in the hussar barracks
- Krailling : "Dacapo" (dissolved 1994)
- Kreuzholzhausen : "Mühle" (Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics, Testing Center)
- Monschau-Höfen : “Dam”, logarithmic-periodic directional antennas , long-wire antennas and beverage antennas were used to eavesdrop on telex and radio communications from the most important embassies in Bonn . In October 2009 work began on dismantling the antenna masts.
- Pöcking : "Kleefeld", telecommunications school of the BND (Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics, Testing Center), see also: Command and Support School of the Bundeswehr (exposed on June 6, 2014 by the BND as part of the so-called "transparency offensive")
- BND branch office Schöningen : "Golf course", "Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics, Experimental Station" (satellite reconnaissance, unmasked on June 6, 2014 by the BND as part of the so-called "transparency offensive")
- Starnberg : Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics, School of the Federal Intelligence Service
- Tutzing : "Alpina" & "Südlabor GmbH" (dissolved in 1991)
- Helmut Roewer , Stefan Schäfer, Matthias Uhl : Lexicon of secret services in the 20th century : with 1465 illustrations and organizational charts. Herbig, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-7766-2317-9 .
- Bugging . In: Connect ; on telecommunications secrecy
- Image of the antenna system
- Schleswig-Holstein State Parliament, Drs. 15/311 (PDF; 33 kB)
- Siemens and the BND Best connection - The corruption affair feeds speculation that Siemens is the BND's supplier of espionage technology and that in return it has cooperated with the secret police. The hints are as correct as they are banal. by Hans Leyendecker on sueddeutsche.de on May 17, 2010
- BND read millions of emails and SMS in: Die Welt online from April 5, 2013
- Erich Schmidt-Eenboom : Receptive to the secret - The (West) German intelligence services in the ether . desert-info.ch (PDF; 69 kB)
- Everything in the ear . In: Der Spiegel . No. 17 , 1993, p. 47 ( online ).
- , antenna system
- Husumer Nachrichten, August 31, 2016
- Höfen: Secret Service closes its listening post . In: Aachener Nachrichten , October 21, 2009