|Height :||553 m|
|Residents :||4006 (2017)|
|Postal code :||82131|
|Area code :||089|
At the Würm lying, Stockdorf borders south of Krailling and concludes the continuous built-up area extending from Pasing on Gräfelfing and Planegg of Munich from the state road draws in 2063 along the Würmtal. It lies between Forst Kasten in the east, the Grubmühler Feld in the south and the Kreuzlinger Forst (after the lost Schwaige Kreuzing) in the west. Stockdorf is the northern border of the distinctive flanks of the tertiary channel of the Würm.
The oldest settlement is attested by a burial mound from the Bronze or Hallstatt Period. The 21 burial mounds are in good condition thanks to the protection of the forest. In 1830, the Starnberg forester Freiherr von Metting excavated two burial mounds and found a bronze basin, an iron sword, rings and richly decorated bike trailers . Together with the Buchendorf district, Stockdorf is one of the first development settlements in the old Roman town of Gauting. The clearing of the oak and beech forest with a lot of grass growth, which was typical for the region at that time, can be traced back to the first centuries after the Bavarian conquest and was already completed by the end of the Agilolfinger period (788). The medieval town center is located under the buildings south of the old St. Vitus Church and represents a characteristic Carolingian village there.
First documented mention in a land register of the Benediktbeuern monastery in 1279 as Stochdorf . Presumably, Staudorf (mhd. For Uferdorf), first mentioned in 1241 in a property list of the Diessen Abbey, also refers to the place. More recent historiographical research derives the current place name from the medieval Stadelaren , which appears in the chronicles of the Benedictine Abbey of Ebersberg as early as the middle of the 11th century, together with Gutingen , which probably refers to Gauting.
At the end of the 18th century it is located within the deer hunting park , which the Bavarian Elector Max Emanuel had created for his par force hunts between 1715 and 1745 . In November 1734, the elector and later emperor Karl Albrecht fell into the river while chasing a boar in Stockdorf while crossing the Würm and was only able to save himself to Grubmühl in the great cold with difficulty. The scene - moved to the summer season - is illustrated in the painting by Peter Jakob Horemans in the Amalienburg .
Either in 1818 or as early as 1808 in the course of Montgelas' constitutional and administrative reform, the village of Gauting, which at that time consisted of just seven houses, was incorporated. 1854, the new one is Pasing-Starnberg Railway of Ulrich Himbsel put into operation, whereby Stock village to breakpoint is. With the establishment of suburban traffic in 1902, Stockdorf even got its own train station, today Stockdorf S-Bahn station on the S-6 Tutzing.
After the assassination of Prime Minister Kurt Eisner, a proletarian workers' militia formed in Stockdorf against the white counter-revolution , which was quite large with 50 members for the small town. In 1933, the Oberammergau chaplain Johannes Fellerer was forcibly transferred to Stockdorf because of his warnings of the impending National Socialism. In 1938, not only a workers' house was built in Stockdorf, but also a new Würmbrücke.
Application for parish
In the 1950s, a movement emerged among the Stockdorf citizens that called for the separation of Gauting and integration into the Starnberg district as an independent municipality. The main points of criticism were the neglect of the district by the municipal administration (there was a permanent administrative support center only at the end of 1951) and the low proportion of Stockdorf politicians in the municipal council. In 1952, the Stockdorf interest group was founded , which in 1953 made a formal application for a settlement, which was supported by the FDP , BHE and the Silesian Landsmannschaft . In the same year there was a referendum, in which a clear majority of the Stockdorf citizens voted in favor of the parish. The Starnberg District Office and the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior rejected the application for settlement in 1954.
Development of the population of Stockdorf:
- Catholic parish St. Vitus in Waldstr. 28
- Evangelical Apostle Church in Peter-Dörfler-Str. 14th
- Elementary school on the Würm, Zugspitzstr. 17th
- Construction Industry Center, Heimstr. 17th
- Volunteer firefighter
- TV Stockdorf
- Stockdorf brass band
More important buildings
In the meantime, almost all the houses that were built before 1850 have been demolished. Only house no. 1 1/2, today Bahnstrasse 7, can essentially be traced back to the first third of the 17th century.
The church in honor of St. Vitus was named as one of three daughter churches of Gauting in the Konradin register as early as 1315 . However, its poor state of preservation has been criticized again and again since the 16th century and it was finally torn down in the middle of the 19th century. Today's church with saddle tower was built in 1857. However, the neo-Romanesque arcades on the tower and ship have since been removed. Inside you can find the monumental fresco Christ as Judge of the World by Karl Manninger since 1968 .
For the parish, which became independent in 1949, a new church was built by Hans Heps in 1953 and also dedicated to St. Consecrated to Vitus. What is remarkable about the west-facing church is the deep saddle roof and the graceful roof turret, which give the stately building pleasant proportions. On the east facade of St. Veit by Erich Schickling . The interior - probably planned for the old rite - leaves little space for the priest behind the altar table. Altar table, Apostle chandelier and crossroads of John Dumanski and Hans Cross . In the tower bright Te Deum ringing from three bells donated by Otto, Wilhelm and Lina Baier (gis 400 kg Your kingdom come to us St. Vitus OB 1953 , h 250 kg Our daily bread give us today St. Antonius WB 1953 and cis 170 kg peace to the people on earth St. Maria LB 1953 ).
The Protestant Church , which has been an Apostle Church since 2009 , a simple, cubic exposed concrete building with an adjoining L-shaped rectory, was built in 1959 by Jakob Semler and J. Haider. The outer wall is undecorated except for a concrete relief by KH Hoffmann, which depicts the walk of Peter on the water. Among the interior furnishings, the baptismal window by Rupprecht Geiger (glass adhesive picture, 1960) is particularly noteworthy.
The former gatekeeper house on the Pasing-Starnberg railway line, a two-storey brick building with a protruding gable roof, has existed since the construction of the railway , around 1853/54.
Stockdorf owns a number of listed villas and residential buildings from the time before the First World War, all of which are kept in a restrained and harmonious design language in line with the homeland security movement and were usually designed by local master builders such as Bernhard Schießl or August Hörmann . This created a uniform site, which is hardly noticeable today due to the strong structural density and the numerous new buildings. Nevertheless, some notable modern residential buildings are trying to continue the tradition of a villa district, such as B. the residential building Südstr. 15 (2005 by Felix Bembé and Sebastian Dellinger).
- Bennostraße 6/8: semi-detached villa, mansard attic with studio window, around 1905/10.
- Kreuzweg 4: Single-family house in reform style with mansard roof and typical country house garden, around 1905/10.
- Villas by Bernhard Schießl in the style of reduced historicism, 1906–1910: Zumpestraße 2 (turret villa with hipped roof projections and mural on the eastern front, built for Johann Engert ), Tellhöhe 5 and 7 (turreted villas, number 7 built for M. Henneberger), Zweigstrasse 2 (mansard villa with bay window)
- Bahnstraße 36: modern-Baroque style garden villa with a mansard roof, bay-like corner formations and gables by A. von Schorn from 1910.
In 1937, Willi Lorch established the training workshop of the Bavarian Building Trade Association in Heimstrasse . In 1940 the institute was supplemented by a training workshop, which was built by the apprentices themselves. In the 1990s the building was expanded and modernized and inaugurated in 1999 as the Stockdorf Construction Industry Center. On this occasion, the steel sculpture "Line, Body, Space" by Alf Lechner was erected .
The Stockdorf elementary school , now the elementary school on the Würm , was originally a modern school building by Immanuel Kroeker from 1954, but it was expanded in the 1970s. From 1991 to 1992 the old building was demolished and replaced by the current new building.
Stockdorf Quarzkeramik was closed in 1997 after it was sold to KVG GmbH.
In 1992 the George Vithoulkas Foundation for Classical Homeopathy was founded in Stockdorf , which is dedicated to research and teaching in classical homeopathy .
- The pianist and music teacher Sophie Menter (1846–1918), a close friend of Franz Liszt , lived in Stockdorf, where she died in 1918.
- Camilla Zumpe, wife of the Munich general music director Hermann Zumpe , who moved to Stockdorf after his death in 1903.
- The medievalist Franz Kampers (1868–1929) died in Stockdorf.
- The draftsman Felix Schwormstädt (1870–1938) lived temporarily in the Stockdorf artists' colony.
- Rudolf Buttmann , director general of the Bavarian State Library, member of the state parliament and co-founder of the vigilante group , Thule Society and NSDAP (membership number 4), lived in Stockdorf, where he died in 1947.
- The painter Walther Kerschensteiner (1887–1956) lived in Stockdorf.
- The painter Ernst Haider (1890–1988) lived in Stockdorf.
- Lorenz Vilgertshofer (1900–1998), retired state secretary for agriculture. D., spent his life in Stockdorf, where he died in 1998.
- The Gablonzer painter and graphic artist Edith Fleissner-Plischke (1900–1957) lived in Stockdorf from 1946.
- Princess Josefine Maria Anna Leopoldine Amalie Klementine Ludovica Theresia Gabriela Gonzaga (1911–1997), granddaughter of Prince Ludwig of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , lived in Stockdorf, where she died in 1997.
- Isabelle Sielaff Princess zu Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Wallerstein (1951–2002), wife of real estate entrepreneur Gert Sielaff (1951–2010), lived and died in Stockdorf.
- The Russian satirist Vladimir Woinowitsch lived in Stockdorf in the 1980s, where he also wrote his novel Moscow 2042 .
- The Bavarian state actor and speaker Wolfgang Büttner (1912–1990) lived with his wife Eleonore Noelle (1924–2004), also an actress and voice actress, in Stockdorf.
- The former Bavarian Minister of Justice Mathilde Berghofer-Weichner (1931–2008) lived in Stockdorf.
- Peter Rubin , Schlager musician, singer and presenter, lives in Stockdorf, where he also has his studio.
- Robert Rabold, artist of the glass paintings in the Munich Frauenkirche, lived in Stockdorf
- The winner of the 2001 Short Film Oscars ( Quiero ser ), Florian Gallenberger , comes from the Stockdorf district.
- Emil Vierlinger , radio presenter and formerly Nockherberg presenter , lived in Stockdorf
- Maximilian Vitus , writer of popular theater pieces, lived in Stockdorf
- The actor couple Hansi Knoteck (1914–2014) and Viktor Staal (1909–1982) lived in Stockdorf
- Claus Roxin (* 1931), legal scholar and long-time chairman of the Karl May Society , lives in Stockdorf
- Josef Sturm: The clearing in the forests around Munich. Frankfurt a. M .: Hermann Göring Academy of German Forestry, 1941
- Siegfried Rehm: The Stockdorfers, their houses and the search for barbarians. Source research 11. – 19. Century. Stockdorf: Verlag Siegfried Rehm.
- Project deer hunting park by Stefan Lindl
- Norbert Hierl-Deronco: It is a pleasure to build: from clients, builders and from building in the Baroque in Kurbayern - Franconia - Rhineland. Krailling: Verlag Hierl-Deronco, 2001. ISBN 3-929884-08-9
- Cf. Historical Lexicon Bavaria "Arbeiterwehr"
- Karl Mayr: Gauting and Stockdorf 1870–1978. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1985. ISBN 3-422-00784-9 . Pp. 75-80.
- Deutinger, MV: The older registers of the Diocese of Freising, 3 volumes, here: Volume III, p. 217
- Wolfgang Krämer: History of the community of Gauting including the Hofmarken Fußberg and Königswiesen along with Grubmühle, Reismühle and the community of Stockdorf and Schwaigen Kreuzing and Pentenried. Self-published by the community of Gauting, 1949.
- Lothar Altmann: Churches along the Würm. Munich, Zurich: Schnell & Steiner 1979
- Bavarian Architects (ed.): Architektouren. Munich, 2007
- Cf. Historisches Lexikon Bayern "Bürgerwehr Affair 1918"