City structure of Marburg
The city of Marburg consists of the core city and 18 districts with their own local advisory board. These districts were independent until the 1970s and were incorporated . The core city is divided into 15 inner city districts, with the districts of Oberer Richtsberg and Unterer Richtsberg as well as the districts of Ockershausen and Stadtwald each have a joint local advisory council. The number of inhabitants per district or inner city district is given in brackets.
The inner city districts of Marburg are:
Of the 73,702 inhabitants of Marburg, the nominal core city has 45,773 inhabitants, the inner city area, supplemented by Cappel, Wehrda and Marbach, has 61,647 inhabitants, while the rural outskirts have 12,055 inhabitants.
Inner core city
The official division of the inner core city north of Rudolfsplatz into the old town and the clinic district contrasts with the common names Upper Town and Lower Town , whereby the boundaries of the lower town are only vaguely defined. The official names are misleading insofar as parts of the old town are literally in the north-east of the southern district (Am Grün) and the clinic district is not limited to the area near the inner-city clinics, but also includes the so-called Biegeneck and the Lahncenter shopping center . The district also includes the old botanical garden , the university library, the lecture hall building of the university and the study office. The Altstadt district consists mainly of the upper town and the flat area between Ketzerbach and Elisabethkirche .
While Weidenhausen, east of the Lahn, looks like a well-demarcated village in the middle of the city center, the southern part of all parts of the inner city center , which was largely separated from the Lahn, Universitätsstrasse and Schwanallee, and was built between 1875 and 1910, i.e. during the Wilhelminian era , has the southern quarter the most urban character, which is also manifested in the usual height and number of floors. In addition to the district and regional court in the western north, the central Hessian State Archives are located in the southern quarter . At the southern tip of the district is the 14-story high-rise Affenfelsen, which is not very popular with art historians for urban planning reasons .
Western core city and Marbach
The city center district of Grassenberg, which is comparatively unknown by name, is actually named after a mountain north of the Marbacher Weg es, at the foot of which the university for the blind is located, but extends beyond the street to the south to the southern district and forms a corridor to the western districts of Marbach and Ockershausen, which is usually still counted as part of the “actual” inner city. The University's Pharmaceutical Institute is located directly on Marbacher Weg, which, as an extension of the Ketzerbach, divides the district in a west-east direction. The south of the district connects seamlessly to the southwestern upper town.
Marbach and Ockershausen were both once independent municipalities, but were incorporated into Marburg at different times and today each represent different priorities for the city of Marburg.
Ockershausen was incorporated into Marburg well before the Second World War, which was the reason for moving a large part of the secondary schools in Marburg to the fallow part of the district immediately southwest of the southern quarter.
Marbach, on the other hand, had been favored by the settlement of the Behring factories since the beginning of the 20th century and, before and also during the regional reform, for a long time refused to be incorporated into Marburg and thus share part of the comparatively high tax income.
The relatively new Stadtwald district at the former Tannenberg barracks is located on the former Ockershäuser property, but is only connected to the actual district by a narrow corridor along the very steep Stadtwaldstrasse . The settlement stretches up the Marburg ridge up to the 324 m high Hasenkopf, which is popular as a vantage point .
Eastern core city
The former district of Zahlbach , east of Weidenhausen, is one of the earliest districts to be incorporated together with the aforementioned district. It is named after the stream of the same name, the source of which is close to the university clinic and which flows into the Lahn along the Old Kirchhainer Weg ("AKW"). Today the former district belongs to the city center district of Ortenberg , the south of which it occupies. The Ortenberg is mainly a residential area with mostly one- or two-family houses east of the railroad tracks; the Dental Medical Clinic (ZMK) is also located here; to the west of the rails are the University's Philosophical Faculty ("Philfak") and the University Library ("UB").
The north quarter , which connects to the Ortenberg in a flowing transition to the north, is, unlike the south quarter, not a really classic city quarter, but a comparatively heterogeneous district. In its east, in the vicinity of larger apartment buildings, at about 240 m above sea level on the western slope of the Lahnberg mountains, lies the Studentendorf , a high-rise estate in which over 800 students live in a very small space. To the west, beyond the railroad tracks, lies the Afföller trade fair and commercial area , to which a self-contained residential area adjoins to the south.
To the north of the student village, the north quarter merges with the forest valley , which (or its north, which is built on with apartment blocks) is now a “problem area”. To the east is the student dormitory of the same name, which is connected to the student village via a 200 m long, multi-storey car park that is practically unused.
In addition to the official structure, the city has 17 so-called district communities, which act as local communities on a voluntary basis on the development of the districts. In addition to organizing events in a wide variety of areas, these associations take part in planning or contribute to urban development such as the construction of children's playgrounds or allotments with their own contributions. The districts are called: Afföller , Badestube , Bauerbach , Gisselberg , Glaskopf , Hansenhaus , Ketzerbach , Marbach , Oberstadt , Ockershausen , Ortenberg , Richtsberg , Südviertel , Stadtwald , Waldtal , Weidenhausen and Zahlbach .
- As of December 31, 2016, see Marburg data 2011–2016
- Urban Development Plan Marburg 2004–2006 ( Memento of the original from November 27, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF, 900 kB)