Technology Museum Speyer
Walkable Boeing 747
at the Liller Halle
Since the beginning of the 1990s , it has presented a large number of, in some cases special, technical constructions from vehicle and aircraft construction on a hall area of 25,000 square meters and 100,000 square meters of outdoor area . In addition, there is the marine house and a model building museum as well as an IMAX film theater with a 24 meter diameter dome-shaped screen with a projection area of approx. 1000 square meters. In the museum forum, visitors can find out about the transport of some of the larger exhibits to the Technik Museum Speyer and the Technik Museum Sinsheim free of charge .
It is run by the non-profit association Auto & Technik Museum with more than 2000 members. The director and main driving force behind the strong expansion of the museum is the entrepreneur Hermann Layher, son of the founder Eberhard Layher .
Prehistory of the site
The main building, the listed Liller Hall, was built in 1913 for the Compagnie Francaise Thomson-Houston (CFTH), the French sister company of British Thomson-Houston (see also: Thomson-Houston Electric Company ), in Lesquin near Lille . During the First World War , the entire hall was dismantled by German troops and transported to Speyer in 1915, where it served as a production hall for the Pfalz-Flugzeugwerke .
In 1913 the Pfalz-Flugzeugwerke was founded, which built an aircraft factory on what is now the technology museum and produced aircraft there until 1918. In 1918, after the First World War was lost , French troops seized the Pfalz-Flugzeugwerke and used the site as a military automobile park until 1926. The last French troops withdrew from Speyer in 1930. From 1937 to 1945 the ensemble served German specialists as a repair and overhaul workshop for aircraft from the Saarpfalz airframe.
After the Second World War , 1945 to 1984, the French occupying forces used the buildings as barracks and added other structures. The French armed forces returned the Martin barracks to the federal government on December 30, 1986 .
At first there were plans to accommodate a hundred of the Federal Border Police there. The barbed wire reinforced fence on the south side dates from this time. After these plans were rejected, in 1990 the Liller Halle and in December 1992 the 18.5 hectare site with the exception of 1.6 hectares, on which a bus company was located, were sold to the owners of the Auto- und Technik-Museum Sinsheim, which could no longer expand in Sinsheim.
As a result, first the Liller Hall and then the Wilhelmsbau were renovated and larger open spaces were used for museum purposes. The former barracks canteen serves as a restaurant, the officers' building and the infirmary have been converted into a hotel. Finally, two IMAX cinemas and a large entrance area were added north of the Liller Hall.
History, significant increases in exhibits
Since the Auto- und Technikmuseum Sinsheim did not have any expansion space , the Auto & Technik Museum association founded a second exhibition space on the (present-day) site of the Technikmuseum Speyer at the end of the 1990s. The technology museum was opened in 1991.
To accommodate the growing number of visitors, the Hotel am Technik-Museum was built by 1995 and had to be expanded in 1997, 1999 and 2000.
In 1997, work began on converting the administration building of the Pfalz-Flugzeugwerke into the museum's own Wilhelmsbau . The renovation was completed in 2000. In the same year, the Chinese steam locomotive Qian Jin was presented on the museum grounds and the IMAX DOME cinema complex opened.
In 2003 the television program Das Rasthaus was broadcast on the museum grounds . In 2004 the Kelly Family houseboat was donated to the museum and a 350-seat forum was opened for lectures and meetings. In 2010 the space exhibition was expanded to include an original Soyuz space capsule .
The main attractions include the largest series-produced propeller-driven aircraft in the world, the Antonov An-22 , the U 9 submarine of the German Navy, the Russian orbiter Buran and a Boeing 747-200 with the registration D-ABYM from Lufthansa which, like its left wing, is accessible. From the jumbo jet, which is mounted on a 20 meter high frame, you have a good overview of the museum grounds and the adjacent city of Speyer. Almost all exhibits can also be viewed from the inside.
Space hall with Buran OK-GLI and the exhibition Apollo and beyond
Since October 2, 2008, the museum has had a space hall that is stylistically based on the NASA Space Museum . The main attraction of the exhibition is a prototype of the former Soviet-Russian space shuttle Buran , the OK-GLI , with which the flight behavior in the atmosphere and the completely remote-controlled landing were tested in 24 test flights as part of the space shuttle program of the Soviet Union . The shuttle reached Speyer on April 11, 2008 after a media-effective ship transport on the Rhine by push convoy . The Apollo and beyond exhibition shows the development of the history of manned space travel from its beginnings in the early 1960s to the International Space Station (ISS) . In addition to original spacesuits , engines and components as well as large and small models, objects and memorabilia that were brought back from space and the moon are also shown . Illustrated display boards in German and English provide additional information.
- Chinese “Qian Jin” 2655 steam locomotive
- Hanomag steam locomotive G8.1 55 3528
- Swiss mountain locomotive "Crocodile" 14 267
- War steam locomotive 42 1504
- LKM-Cfl-Lok on a 12-wheel SEAG-LS70 road scooter
- DB class V 200.0
- Pre-production copy of the V36 , a former vehicle of the Frankfurt Stadtwerke with pantograph for controlling signals on a route of the former Frankfurt local railway
- Aircraft , e.g. B. Dassault Mercure 100 , Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-4, Junkers Ju 52 / 3m , Vickers Viscount V814
- Antique car
- Fire engines ; including a week 15 from Magirus-Deutz , the most powerful recovery crane of its time
- Submarines ; especially the accessible U 9
- Emergency cruiser John T. Essberger
- Kelly Family houseboat and bus
- The Tree by Rüdiger Nehberg - raft made from a 350 year old fir tree
- Racing bikes
- Transrapid 04
- Dance and concert organs
- 26 motorcycles from the designer Friedel Münch
- Annually changing special exhibitions, e.g. B. in the past few years with the topics Ford , Mini , Lancia , Renault , BMW , VW Golf .
The Wilhelmsbau Museum is also known as a “treasure chest”, with the help of which the visitor is guided into the German past, primarily of the last two centuries. The following exhibits are on display on three floors:
- historical weapons ,
- a puppet show ,
- historical fashions and accessories,
- Everyday objects from the past century,
- a watch collection .
One of the largest collections of mechanical musical instruments can also be seen in the basement . It includes over 100 historical pieces that are still playable today, such as:
- Dance organs and orchestras ,
- self-playing pianos and grand pianos ,
- Barrel organs ,
- Automatic flute clocks ,
- Polyphonic ,
- Gramophones ,
- Symphonies .
Visitors have the opportunity to play some of the instruments after inserting a coin or a previously purchased museum coin . This concept is also used in a number of other exhibits in the technology museum.
- List of car museums
- List of car museums in Germany
- List of aviation museums
- Museum Autovision , a small technology museum with the topics NSU engine works , Wankel engine and alternative drives in the neighboring town of Altlußheim .
- Heinz Elser: Buran - history and transport of the Russian space shuttle OK-GLI in the Technik Museum Speyer. Technik Museum Speyer, Speyer 2008, ISBN 3-9809437-7-1 .
- Hans-Jürgen Schlicht: Auto & Technik Museum Sinsheim and Technik Museum Speyer: The great museum book. Motorbuchverlag, Stuttgart 2017, ISBN 978-3-613-30854-1 .
- Hans-Jürgen Schlicht: Military technology - in the technology museums in Sinsheim and Speyer. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 3-613-30577-1 .
- Hans-Jürgen Schlicht: Music automatons, fashions and uniforms in the Technik-Museum Speyer. Technik-Museum Speyer, Speyer 2005, ISBN 3-9809437-4-7 .
- Project-related development plan no. 037 D "Technik Museum I", XVII. Change to the land use plan, explanatory report p. 9 and IABG contaminated site report p. 2
- Technik Museum Speyer. In: Speyer.de. Retrieved November 26, 2018 .
- Hans-Jürgen Schlicht: Technik Museum Speyer: The great museum book . Motorbuchverlag, Stuttgart 2017, ISBN 978-3-613-30854-1 , p. 4th ff .
- History of technology in the Sinsheim and Speyer museums ( Memento from March 16, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). In: Official website of the Technik Museum Sinsheim. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- Space exhibition. Website of the Technik Museum Speyer, accessed on September 23, 2013 .
- Friedel Münch Exhibition. Website of the Technik Museum Speyer, accessed on September 23, 2013 .