Vaginal balls

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vaginal balls (also known as lust balls , love balls , anal balls , orgasm balls , sometimes also lust pearls , love pearls or " thunder balls ") are sex toys and medical aids. Another medical variant is called vaginal cones . You train u. a. the pelvic floor muscles , these form the lower end of the abdominal cavity and are an essential part of the inner holding and supporting apparatus. They can improve the woman's orgasm experience , which is ultimately discharged in rhythmic muscle contractions, especially in the pelvic floor. If the muscles of the pelvic floor are tensed (rhythmically) during sexual intercourse , they compress the vaginal tube or entrance for the penetrating penis . For the man's penis , body perceptions of being more embraced can arise ( vaginal intercourse ). Furthermore, a targeted pelvic floor training with or without aids u. a. m. the pregnancy regression phase support and a vaginal prolapse , bladder prolapse , prolapse of the uterus , of the urinary and fecal incontinence prevent or affect the course low. Furthermore, is female ejaculation influenced.

Places of action of the vaginal cones and the pleasure balls ( sagittal plane )
Four main muscular forces contract or relax in a coordinated manner against the suspensory pelvic ligaments, "PUL" on the urethra "U" and USL on the uterus, to close the urethra "U", vagina "V" and rectum "R" around them or to open. The front and rear straps ("PUL", "USL") are pulled together. "PUL" = pubourethral ligament; "USL" = uterosacral ligament ; "PCM" = front part of the pubococcygeus muscle ; "LP" = levator plate, pelvis diaphragm ; "LMA" = common longitudinal muscle of the anus; "PS" = pubic symphysis ; "S" = sacrum ; "EAS" = external ani sphincter muscle. Perspective: sitting position.

Definition of terms, basics

There are different sex toys or training devices for the female pelvic floor, which are referred to with the term "pleasure balls":

The pelvic floor muscles are arranged in three layers on top of each other and are broken through in women by three openings (for the urethra, vagina and anus ). Every inhalation brings the diaphragm downwards, towards the foot into the abdomen. This increases the pressure in the abdomen and is passed on to the (elastic) pelvic floor. Conversely, exhaling causes the diaphragm to move back up towards the chest. The pressure in the abdomen and on the pelvic floor then decreases again. In this phase, the pelvic floor also moves slightly upwards and supports exhalation. The pelvic floor can be roughly divided into three layers:

  • The first layer is mainly made up of smooth muscle fibers and ligament and support structures, they hang the female organs in the abdominal cavity or support them in connection with the lumbar spine.
  • The second layer consists of voluntary muscle fibers that hold the pelvic floor like a jumping mat. It is called the pelvis diaphragm ; it is primarily formed by the levator ani muscle . The muscle fibers stretch from the tip of the coccyx to the front of the abdomen and are attached to both sides of the pelvis like a fan. Some fibers in this muscle group are connected to the vaginal wall in women. Parts of the levator ani form the sphincter ani muscle , which surrounds the anus. The flat, horizontal muscles of the pelvic floor and their connective tissue sheaths, the fascia , stretch between the pubic bone , the two ischial tuberosities (tuber ischiadicum) and the tip of the coccyx.
  • The third, outermost layer , the urogenital diaphragm , consists of several muscles to be tensed at will, which in turn are arranged in two layers and primarily close the pelvis with transverse fibers. This layer supports the external sphincter muscles. The outermost layer strengthens and supports the corresponding openings in the pelvic floor, it forms the cavernous body ( Musculus ischiocavernosus , Musculus bulbospongiosus ) and the anal sphincter muscle layer , Musculus sphincter ani externus. The latter two radiate (with other muscles) into the centrum tendineum perinei in the form of a lying figure eight . Other muscles that form this fibrous, sinewy connective tissue plate of the perineum ( perineum ) include parts of the transversus perinei superficialis muscle, the transversus perinei profundus muscle and the levator ani muscle.

There are basically two types of skeletal muscle fibers: the “white” and the “red muscle fibers”, whereby the white muscle fibers can be divided into two types. The red muscle fibers contract rather slowly and are therefore also referred to as "slow-twitch fibers", type 1 or "ST fibers". In contrast, the white (or "fast-twitch fibers", type 2 or "FT fibers") are those that tend to contract quickly and are therefore responsible for all fast, vigorous movements. They are significantly thicker, can develop considerably more force and are controlled by nerves that conduct comparatively faster. A skeletal muscle has a different composition depending on its genetic makeup and corresponding functional use (training). For example, the levator ani muscle consists of 65% ST fibers and 35% FT fibers, unlike the external urethral sphincter ( sphincter urethrae membranaceae and urethralis muscles). For pelvic floor training, it makes sense to train both types of muscles.


Rin-no-tama is a sex aid that originally came from Japan, but also spread to China, Annam and India and was known in France as early as the 18th century. It is worn as desired in everyday life and not during sex play and serves to strengthen the pelvic floor. The pleasure balls can differ in material, number of balls, weight, size, shape, structure and color.

Rin-no-tama balls with withdrawal tape; one is in the vagina, the other in front of the vaginal entrance .

The original model consisted of three silver balls connected with chains. The ball carried at the bottom had a silk withdrawal thread like a tampon . The upper sphere was empty and was used to hold the other two hollow spheres in place: the middle one in front of the G-spot , the lower one in front of the vaginal entrance. The middle sphere was partially filled with mercury . There were fine tongues of wire on the inside of the lower sphere; it contained no mercury, but a smaller sphere made of iron or lead that moved. The middle and lower spheres produced gentle vibrations with every movement. There were versions with two balls (also made of brass), which were held in place by a paper tampon that was pushed inward into the vagina.

Today's common models consist of two 3–4 cm large hollow plastic balls. Both contain a smaller ball made from a heavier metal. The two balls are connected with a short cord, and there is a retrieval cord on the lower ball. The balls are inserted into the vagina and pushed towards the cervix. When walking or other body movements, the metal balls swing in the hollow balls and spread vibrations in the abdomen that are perceived as pleasant. The vibrations are hardly strong enough to lead directly to climax, but can increase sexual desire. When walking , the (heavy) balls, due to gravity , have the tendency to slip out of the vagina, this leads to a (reflex) hold, i.e. H. a contraction of the pelvic floor muscles ("passive" training).

Another model, the "love plug", consists only of a stainless steel ball with an inner ball and a decorative chain as a return aid. The use of water-soluble lubricants can make vaginal placement easier. Depending on the manufacturer, the weights of the pleasure balls are between 30 g to 50 g for the single balls, for double balls from 80 to 100 g, sometimes 150 g and more, the diameters vary from 3 to 3.7 cm, occasionally up to 5 cm . The balls can be divided into approx. 30 to 50 g for the beginners and the balls with approx. 80 to 150 g for the advanced.


Ben-wa balls or yoni balls are not connected with a cord and do not have a withdrawal thread.

There are different ways of wearing rin-no-tama or ben-wa. You can easily slide to the vaginal entrance while standing and walking. Some users accept this. Others wear a tampon under the balls to keep them in place. The most subtle method is probably the following: The balls are held with the pubococcygeus muscle (PC muscle for short). This has the side effect that they contribute so significantly to the training of this muscle (similar to the Kegel exercise ). A well-trained pubococcygeal muscle, in turn, is beneficial for the sensations of both partners during lovemaking. It also prevents some forms of urinary incontinence . Pleasure balls are therefore also recommended as part of postnatal gymnastics after pregnancy.

Anal chains, anal beads, anal beads

Anal chains (also called anal beads) are a band, a thread or a fixed connection made of rubber to which a row of rubber, plastic or metal beads are attached. This pearl necklace is inserted into the anus of the person to be stimulated during the lovemaking . It is usually pulled out slowly during orgasm and is intended to lengthen and deepen it.

Variations of this toy have thicker balls that are relatively rigidly connected to one another and are used for anal stimulation, i.e. more similar to anal dildos . Nevertheless, care should be taken with these specially designed sex toys to ensure easy retrieval.


A variant of the pleasure balls does not contain metal balls, but battery-operated vibrators . There are now also versions with more than two balls. Another variant consists of just one stainless steel ball with an inner ball.

Vaginal cones from Kegel, Kegel training

Vaginal cones according to the American gynecologist Arnold Henry Kegel (1894–1976)

They are named after their inventor, the American gynecologist Arnold Henry Kegel (1894–1981). Kegel first published his ideas in 1948. He developed the vaginal cones and a perineometer (an instrument for measuring the force of contraction during voluntary contractions of the pelvic floor muscles). His method of pelvic floor exercises is widely used and its indication is in the treatment of stress incontinence and vaginal prolapse. Proof of their effectiveness when using the cones is proven in systematic reviews and randomized studies with the support of the Cochrane Library .

There are also training arrangements that combine vaginal cones with biofeedback devices or use them separately.

Hygiene and environmental toxins

In order to avoid infections or to carry untypical microorganisms into the natural microbiome of the vulva and vagina , it is important to take care of the balls after use. Cleaning can be done with warm water or a skin-friendly detergent, in some cases special toy cleaners are offered. The cleaned balls should be kept dry and hygienic. Sex toys that were in the intestines should no longer be used around the vagina to prevent infection.

Another quality feature of pleasure balls is the coating of balls and cord with suitable elastomers, such as silicone rubber , which serves the purpose of preventing body secretion from penetrating into the seams or the cord. Other materials, minerals, wood etc. should be used with appropriate caution; porous surfaces can encourage the formation of a biofilm . The use of residue-free, alcoholic disinfectant solutions ( ethanol or 2-propanol ) is urgently recommended.

Some manufacturers use plastics in which organic tin compounds remain in certain concentrations during production. As antioxidants, the organotin compounds prevent the formation of hydrochloric acid during plastic production . As stabilizers, they make plastic resistant to heat and light and, in particular, they serve as catalysts in silicone production . In animal experiments, dibutyltin proved to be hormonally effective ( endocrine disruptors ).

The plastics should comply with the Medical Devices Act and be phthalate-free in accordance with EU regulation 1907/2006 / EC .

Basically, a condom should be pulled over the vaginal balls for safety and above all if the manufacturing method is unknown .


  • Claudia Oblasser, Janice Christie, Christine McCourt: Vaginal cones or balls to improve pelvic floor muscle performance and urinary continence in women post partum: A quantitative systematic review. In: Midwifery. 31 (11), Nov 2015, pp. 1017-1025.
  • Yu Chye Wah, Chew Heng Hai: Pelvic Floor Support. In: Obstetrics. 2017 doi: 10.5772 / intechopen.70153
  • Klaus Goeschen, Peter E. Papa Petros: The female pelvic floor: Functional anatomy, diagnostics and therapy according to the integral theory. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg / New York / Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-540-88355-5 .
  • Kari Bø: Pelvic floor muscle training is effective in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, but how does it work? In: International Urogynecology Journal. 15 (2), March 2004, pp. 76-84 (
  • Lars Nöhden: Cortical representations of the pelvic floor and leg muscles an FMRT study. Dissertation. Christian Albrechts University Kiel, 2015. (PDF)
  • Klaus Goeschen, Peter Papa Petros: Urogynaecology from the perspective of integral theory. Springer Medizin Verlag, Heidelberg 2009, ISBN 978-3-540-88354-8 . ( )
  • Amelie Schlagintweit: Subjective and clinical long-term results after uterus-preserving sacrospinal fixation (ussF, modified after Amreich-Richter) on the patient's own collective. Dissertation. Medical Faculty of the Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich 2017. (PDF)
  • Claudia Ploke: The pelvic floor and its functional relationships. In: Physiotherapy med. 4/2002, pp. 7-17. ( PDF )

Web links

Commons : Anal Beads, Anal Balls  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files
  • Jennifer Arnold: Effects of Exercise on Urinary Incontinence in Young Athletes. Sub-project of the research project “pelvisuisse toilet”. Bachelor thesis, Institute for Physiotherapy, April 29, 2016, Zurich University of Applied Sciences ( PDF )

Individual evidence

  1. Fred Christmann (Ed.): Heterosexuality: A Guide for Therapists. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2013, ISBN 978-3-642-73590-5 , p. 99 f.
  2. Karl F. Stifter: The third dimension of pleasure. The secret of female ejaculation. Wilhelm Heyne, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-453-04011-2 , p. 200 f.
  3. B. Graber, G. Kline-Graber: Female Orgasm. Role of Pubococcygeus Muscle. J. of Clinical Psychiatry, 40: 34-39 (1970)
  4. Per Olov Lundberg: The peripheral innervation of the female genital organs. In: Sexology. 9 (3) 2002, pp. 98-106 ( ; PDF).
  5. Maurice Stephan Michel, Joachim W. Thüroff, Günther Janetschek, Manfred Wirth: The urology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2016, ISBN 978-3-642-39940-4 , p. 932.
  6. Barbara Gödl-Purrer: Pelvic floor - stabilization of the pelvic ring. CIFK, FH Joanneum, Graz 2009. (PDF)
  7. a b c K. L. Kerber: Sexual Tendencies . Global Vision Publishing, Delhi 2006, ISBN 81-8220-090-3 , pp. 110 f . ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  8. a b Erwin J. Haeberle : The sexuality of humans: manual and atlas . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-11-087365-6 , p. 205 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  9. Brenda Love: Encyclopedia of Unusual Sex Practices . Barricade Books, Fort Lee, NJ 1992, ISBN 1-56980-011-1 , pp. 125 .
  10. Angela Heller: After the birth: childbed and regression . Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-13-125041-0 , p. 127 f . ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  11. Linda Tacke, Marion Stüwe: Postpartum and postnatal gymnastics . 3. Edition. Hippokrates Verlag, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-8304-5504-2 , p. 74 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  12. Lou Paget : The Perfect Lover: Sex Techniques That Drive Her Crazy . Goldmann Verlag, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-641-08146-1 , p. 156 f . ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  13. ^ Arnold H. Kegel: The nonsurgical treatment of genital relaxation; use of the perineometer as an aid in restoring anatomic and functional structure. Ann West Med Surg. (1948) 2 (5): 213-6. PMID 18860416 .
  14. Do the Kegel - Dr Arnold Kegel. Original from October 26, 2010, accessed on October 28, 2018 ( ).
  15. S. Hagen, Stark, D .: Conservative prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse in women. In: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (12) December 7, 2011, Article CD003882. doi: 10.1002 / 14651858.CD003882.pub4 PMID 22161382 (English).
  16. E.-M. Uher, M. Hexel: Apparatus pelvic floor training Implementation and significance compared to classic pelvic floor training. In: Journal of Urology and Urogynaecology. 5 (1), 1998, pp. 34–37 (edition for Austria) (PDF)
  17. 16 love balls in the test. Out with you. In: ÖKO-TEST. August 2018, Category: Health and Medicines, June 26, 2018 ( ).