Vista class (2001)

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Vista class
Zuiderdam, type ship of the Vista class
Zuiderdam , type ship of the Vista class
Ship data
Ship type Cruise ship
Shipping company Carnival Corporation & plc under their trademarks
draft Joseph Farcus , Kvaerner Masa Yards AB and Fincantieri
Shipyard Fincantieri, Ancona , Marghera and Monfalcone
Construction period 2001 to 2010
Launch of the type ship December 14, 2001
Commissioning December 2002
Units built 11
Ship dimensions and crew
285.3 - 294.0 m ( Lüa )
width 32.2 m
Draft Max. 8.0 m
measurement 82,305 - 92,720 GT
crew 800-1,000
Machine system
machine Integrated electric drive (IEP) or diesel-electric drive
2 × ABB Azipod (both controllable)
5 × diesel engine
( GMT - Sulzer ZAV40S) add
. 1 × gas turbine ( General Electric LM2500) or
6 × diesel engine
( Caterpillar - MaK M43C)
propeller 2 × 4-blade fixed propeller
Transport capacities
Permitted number of passengers 1,900-2,826
Pax cabins 995-1,130

The Vista class is a range of Panamax cruise ships developed for the British-American cruise company Carnival Corporation & plc . Between 2001 and 2010, eleven ships were built at various locations for the Italian shipbuilding group Fincantieri , initially exclusively for the Holland-America Line . Today ships of the Vista class are used by four different group brands, either in the original design or as a further development or adaptation to the special requirements of the respective brand.

The class name Vista goes back to the Spanish or Italian expression for “view”, “view”, “perspective” and refers to the generous glass surfaces and the bright interiors. The design enables direct sea views in 85 percent of the cabins. 67 percent of the cabins also have a balcony and thus correspond to the category most popular with guests.

Common features and variants

While cruise ships of one construction class often only differ from one another in details, several versions of the Vista class have developed over time. The ships built so far differ in their hull length and gross tonnage (GT) as well as in technology, design and equipment.

The basic features of the design can be traced back to the ships of the Spirit class , which were built between 1999 and 2004 on behalf of the American Carnival Corporation at the Finnish shipyard Kvaerner Masa Yards AB, today's Meyer Turku Oy . The common features of the two construction classes include above all the Panamax-compliant hull width of 32.20 m and the drive via two propeller nacelles of the type ABB Azipod with a total output of 35.24 MW. The propulsion systems are equipped with 4-blade fixed propellers and enable speeds of up to 24 knots . Power supply and distribution systems, ship automation and the two propulsion systems were designed, developed and built by ABB .

The model ship of the Vista class is the Zuiderdam , which entered service at the end of 2002 for the premium brand Holland-America Line.

Vista class


The Zuiderdam , the first ship of the Vista class, was laid down on April 18, 2001 with the hull number 6075 at Fincantieri in Marghera . The technical launch followed on December 14, 2001 with the flooding of the building dock, and in December 2002 the commissioning for Holland-America Line. The Oosterdam followed in July 2003 and the Westerdam in April 2004 , which were also built in Marghera for the Holland-America Line. With a length of 285.30 m, the Zuiderdam was the largest ship in the fleet at the time of commissioning.

In 2002, the Carnival Corporation ordered another Vista class cruise ship from Fincantieri. Initially, it was planned to put it into service with Holland-America Line as Noordam . Then, during the construction phase, the company decided to transfer the modified hull, which was extended to 289.90 m, with the shipyard number 6078 to the Cunard Line and put it into service as Queen Victoria . After the keel was laid on July 12, 2003, there were numerous restructurings as a result of the merger of the initially purely American Carnival Corporation with the cruise division of the British P&O to form today's world market leader Carnival Corporation & plc. Finally, at the initiative of Cunard Line, the decision was made in mid-2004 to complete the hull as an Arcadia for the British P&O Cruises . The ship was christened and put into service on April 12, 2005.

The last ship of the original Vista class, the Noordam , was put back into service for Holland-America Line on February 22, 2006 with the christening in New York .

In order to be able to implement an external appearance in keeping with the tradition of the Cunard Line for the construction of the later Queen Victoria (hull number 6127), the shipyard modified the Vista design again. The hull of the ship was reinforced and lengthened by another five meters, fully exhausting the Panamax specification. The keel was laid on May 19, 2006 at the shipyard in Marghera near Venice, the handover to Cunard took place on November 24, 2007.

Machine system

The characteristic feature of the Vista-class ships used by Holland-America Line are the two slender chimneys arranged one behind the other. Since the ships (z. B. waters around even while driving at areas with harsh environmental conditions Alaska are) used, in addition to three 16-cylinder and two 12-cylinder was V-engines of the series Sulzer ZA40S a gas turbine of the type General Electric installed LM2500 . The gas turbine is installed together with the two 12-cylinder engines in the front of the two engine rooms. The total output of the machine system is 65,840 kW, with 14 MW being generated by the gas turbine. As a rule, the ships are operated with the diesel generators, the gas turbine is only used in areas with stricter environmental regulations.

The Arcadia , which was completed under construction number 6078 for P&O Cruises, and the Queen Victoria , Carnival did without the gas turbine.


The four ships of the original Vista class are measured with a hull length of 285.3 m and around 82,300 GT. With double occupancy of the cabins, they offer capacity for 1,900 passengers (43.3 GT / passenger) on eleven publicly accessible decks. The on-board facilities include four restaurants, various bars and lounges , a theater hall in the front area of ​​the fuselage, as well as a wellness area and shopping facilities. A special feature of the ships are the four external panoramic elevators arranged amidships .

From the characteristic shape of its chimney, it can still be seen today that the Arcadia was originally intended for use by the Cunard Line. Apart from her extended hull, she differs only slightly from the other ships of the Vista class in terms of passenger capacity and deck layout and offers space for 2,000 passengers on eleven decks with a space ratio of 41.5 GT / passenger.

With 90,049 GT and a length of 294 meters, the Queen Victoria of the Cunard Line is the largest ship in the modified Vista class. She has 995 cabins; double occupancy results in a generous space ratio of 45.1 GT / passenger. In addition to the further lengthening of the hull, the superstructure was raised by another deck and equipped with complex equipment especially for the British cruise market. The external elevators were relocated inside so that generously sized cabins and suites could be implemented in the vacated area amidships. The floor plan within the fuselage is also very different from the original Vista design. A special feature of the ship is the two-class design ("Britannia Class" and the higher-quality "Grill Class").

Signature class


Due to the great success of the first four Vista-class ships, Carnival Corporation & plc ordered two additional, revised and modernized ships, which - according to the Holland America Line's slogan as the premium brand "A Signature of Excellence" - are designated as Signature Class become. The launch of the first ship with hull number 6149 took place on September 27, 2007 in Marghera. After the handover on June 16, 2008, the new building was christened by Queen Beatrix on July 27, 2008 and then put into service as Eurodam . At that time she was the largest ship that was built and put into service for Holland-America Line.

The structurally identical Nieuw Amsterdam was floated on October 30, 2009, also in Marghera. The ship was delivered on July 2, 2010 and put into service two days later as the new flagship.

Machine system

With the ships of the Signature class, the machinery was completely modernized. The five engines of the older Sulzer type were replaced by six newly developed diesel engines from Caterpillar - MaK . The two eight-cylinder in-line and the four 12-cylinder V-engines of the M43C series have a combined output of 64,000 kW. The electrical systems were adapted accordingly.


The Signature Class ships have eleven passenger decks and have a capacity for around 2,100 passengers. They are based on the 285.3 m long hull of the Vista class, but differ in the extent and design of the two upper decks. 56 more cabins and a new restaurant amidships were set up there. With a measurement of approx. 86,000 GT, this results in a space ratio of 41 GT / passenger for the Signature class.

Hybrid Vista / Spirit class


The two ships of the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class developed for the Italian shipping company Costa Crociere are the largest variants of the construction class with a measurement of almost 93,000 GT. The keel laying of the Costa Luminosa took place on October 5th, 2007 in Marghera. It entered service in May 2009. The sister ship Costa Deliziosa was laid down at the Fincantieri shipyard in Ancona and towed to Marghera for completion in July 2008. The floating in the dock took place in March 2009, the commissioning in February 2010.

The last ship of the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class for the time being is the Queen Elizabeth of the Cunard Line. The construction contract was signed in October 2007. The keel of construction number 6187 was laid on June 2, 2009 in Monfalcone . The dock was flooded - the technical launch - took place on January 5, 2010. The ship was put into service in early October 2010. The Queen Elizabeth is the second largest ship ever built for the Cunard Line a survey of 90,901 GT.

Machine system

As with the Signature class, the ships in the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class also use two eight-cylinder in-line engines and four 12-cylinder V-engines of the Caterpillar-MaK M43C type with a total output of 64,000 kW.
The Costa Deliziosa was the first Italian cruise ship to be equipped with the technology for shore power supply . This means that it can be supplied with electrical energy from the shore during the lay times in specially equipped ports.


The deck layouts of the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class show parallels to the modified Vista class, but are equipped with 12 passenger decks that have been designed differently according to the requirements of the shipping companies. On the Queen Elizabeth , 71 percent of the 1,046 cabins have balconies. The space ratio is 43.5 GT / passenger. Like all ships of the shipping company, the Queen Elizabeth is designed for two classes (“Britannia Class” and “Grill Class”).

The two ships built for Costa Crociere each have 1,130 cabins with a share of balcony cabins of around 59 percent. The space ratio is between 41 and 32.8 GT / passenger.

Comparable building classes


Surname Build number IMO no. delivery measurement Owner Status / whereabouts
Vista class
Zuiderdam 6075 9221279 Dec 2002 82,305 GT HAL Antilles NV Typ ship
in service for Holland America Line
Oosterdam 6076 9221281 July 2003 82,305 GT HAL Antilles NV in service for Holland-America Line
Westerdam 6077 9585285 April 2004 82,348 GT HAL Antilles NV in service for Holland-America Line
Arcadia 6078 9226906 March 2005 83,781 GT Carnival Corp. & plc modified Vista class
in service for P&O Cruises
Noordam 6079 9230115 Feb 2006 82,318 GT HAL Antilles NV in service for Holland-America Line
Queen Victoria 6127 9320556 Nov 2007 90,049 GT Carnival Corp. & plc modified Vista class
in service for Cunard Line
Signature class
Eurodam 6149 9378448 June 2008 86,273 GT HAL Antilles NV in service for Holland-America Line
Nieuw Amsterdam 6181 9378450 June 2010 86,273 GT HAL Antilles NV in service for Holland-America Line
Hybrid Spirit / Vista class
Costa Luminosa 6155 9398905 April 2009 92,720 GT Costa Crociere in service for Costa Crociere
Costa Deliziosa 6164 9398917 Jan. 2010 92,720 GT Costa Crociere in service for Costa Crociere
Queen Elizabeth 6187 9477438 Sept 2010 90,901 GT Cunard Line in service for Cunard Line


See also


  • Douglas Ward: Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships 2009 . Berlitz Publishing, 2009, ISBN 978-3-493-60255-5

Web links

Commons : Vista class  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Micke Asklander: M / S ZUIDERDAM (2002). Retrieved May 23, 2012 .
  2. Net Resources International: Oosterdam - Ship Technology. Retrieved May 24, 2012 .
  3. ABB: ABB technology in place on first ship in Holland America Line's new “Signature” series. Retrieved May 24, 2012 .
  4. ^ PRNewswire: Carnival Corporation & plc Realigns and Expands its Capacity in the British Cruise Market. (No longer available online.) Formerly in the original ; Retrieved May 24, 2012 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  5. ^ GE Aviation: Holland America's Zuiderdam Cruises Using GE Gas Turbine. Retrieved May 23, 2012 .
  6. M / S Zuiderdam: Modern With Elegant Taste. Retrieved May 23, 2012 .
  7. Robert Klein, Eurodam. Retrieved May 31, 2012 .
  8. Net Resources International: MS Eurodam - Cruise Ship - Ship Technology. Retrieved May 31, 2012 .
  10. ^ Franz Neumeier, Nieuw Amsterdam delivered to Holland America. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 31, 2012 ; Retrieved May 31, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  11. a b Caterpillar Marine Power Systems: Team Players: Six MaK M43C Marine Engines Power HAL's "Nieuw Amsterdam". Retrieved May 23, 2012 .
  12. Keel Laid for Costa Cruise Ship. Retrieved May 23, 2012 .
  13. ^ A b Net Resources International: Costa Deliziosa - Cruise Ship - Ship Technology. Retrieved May 24, 2012 .
  14. ^ Cunard Line : Queen Elizabeth Press Kit - Technically Speaking. (PDF; 66 kB) Accessed May 24, 2012 .
  15. ^ Equasis - France Ministry for Transport: Administrative data. Retrieved May 23, 2012 .