Vista class (2001)
Zuiderdam , type ship of the Vista class
The Vista class is a range of Panamax cruise ships developed for the British-American cruise company Carnival Corporation & plc . Between 2001 and 2010, eleven ships were built at various locations for the Italian shipbuilding group Fincantieri , initially exclusively for the Holland-America Line . Today ships of the Vista class are used by four different group brands, either in the original design or as a further development or adaptation to the special requirements of the respective brand.
The class name Vista goes back to the Spanish or Italian expression for “view”, “view”, “perspective” and refers to the generous glass surfaces and the bright interiors. The design enables direct sea views in 85 percent of the cabins. 67 percent of the cabins also have a balcony and thus correspond to the category most popular with guests.
Common features and variants
While cruise ships of one construction class often only differ from one another in details, several versions of the Vista class have developed over time. The ships built so far differ in their hull length and gross tonnage (GT) as well as in technology, design and equipment.
The basic features of the design can be traced back to the ships of the Spirit class , which were built between 1999 and 2004 on behalf of the American Carnival Corporation at the Finnish shipyard Kvaerner Masa Yards AB, today's Meyer Turku Oy . The common features of the two construction classes include above all the Panamax-compliant hull width of 32.20 m and the drive via two propeller nacelles of the type ABB Azipod with a total output of 35.24 MW. The propulsion systems are equipped with 4-blade fixed propellers and enable speeds of up to 24 knots . Power supply and distribution systems, ship automation and the two propulsion systems were designed, developed and built by ABB .
The model ship of the Vista class is the Zuiderdam , which entered service at the end of 2002 for the premium brand Holland-America Line.
The Zuiderdam , the first ship of the Vista class, was laid down on April 18, 2001 with the hull number 6075 at Fincantieri in Marghera . The technical launch followed on December 14, 2001 with the flooding of the building dock, and in December 2002 the commissioning for Holland-America Line. The Oosterdam followed in July 2003 and the Westerdam in April 2004 , which were also built in Marghera for the Holland-America Line. With a length of 285.30 m, the Zuiderdam was the largest ship in the fleet at the time of commissioning.
In 2002, the Carnival Corporation ordered another Vista class cruise ship from Fincantieri. Initially, it was planned to put it into service with Holland-America Line as Noordam . Then, during the construction phase, the company decided to transfer the modified hull, which was extended to 289.90 m, with the shipyard number 6078 to the Cunard Line and put it into service as Queen Victoria . After the keel was laid on July 12, 2003, there were numerous restructurings as a result of the merger of the initially purely American Carnival Corporation with the cruise division of the British P&O to form today's world market leader Carnival Corporation & plc. Finally, at the initiative of Cunard Line, the decision was made in mid-2004 to complete the hull as an Arcadia for the British P&O Cruises . The ship was christened and put into service on April 12, 2005.
In order to be able to implement an external appearance in keeping with the tradition of the Cunard Line for the construction of the later Queen Victoria (hull number 6127), the shipyard modified the Vista design again. The hull of the ship was reinforced and lengthened by another five meters, fully exhausting the Panamax specification. The keel was laid on May 19, 2006 at the shipyard in Marghera near Venice, the handover to Cunard took place on November 24, 2007.
The characteristic feature of the Vista-class ships used by Holland-America Line are the two slender chimneys arranged one behind the other. Since the ships (z. B. waters around even while driving at areas with harsh environmental conditions Alaska are) used, in addition to three 16-cylinder and two 12-cylinder was V-engines of the series Sulzer ZA40S a gas turbine of the type General Electric installed LM2500 . The gas turbine is installed together with the two 12-cylinder engines in the front of the two engine rooms. The total output of the machine system is 65,840 kW, with 14 MW being generated by the gas turbine. As a rule, the ships are operated with the diesel generators, the gas turbine is only used in areas with stricter environmental regulations.
The Arcadia , which was completed under construction number 6078 for P&O Cruises, and the Queen Victoria , Carnival did without the gas turbine.
The four ships of the original Vista class are measured with a hull length of 285.3 m and around 82,300 GT. With double occupancy of the cabins, they offer capacity for 1,900 passengers (43.3 GT / passenger) on eleven publicly accessible decks. The on-board facilities include four restaurants, various bars and lounges , a theater hall in the front area of the fuselage, as well as a wellness area and shopping facilities. A special feature of the ships are the four external panoramic elevators arranged amidships .
From the characteristic shape of its chimney, it can still be seen today that the Arcadia was originally intended for use by the Cunard Line. Apart from her extended hull, she differs only slightly from the other ships of the Vista class in terms of passenger capacity and deck layout and offers space for 2,000 passengers on eleven decks with a space ratio of 41.5 GT / passenger.
With 90,049 GT and a length of 294 meters, the Queen Victoria of the Cunard Line is the largest ship in the modified Vista class. She has 995 cabins; double occupancy results in a generous space ratio of 45.1 GT / passenger. In addition to the further lengthening of the hull, the superstructure was raised by another deck and equipped with complex equipment especially for the British cruise market. The external elevators were relocated inside so that generously sized cabins and suites could be implemented in the vacated area amidships. The floor plan within the fuselage is also very different from the original Vista design. A special feature of the ship is the two-class design ("Britannia Class" and the higher-quality "Grill Class").
Due to the great success of the first four Vista-class ships, Carnival Corporation & plc ordered two additional, revised and modernized ships, which - according to the Holland America Line's slogan as the premium brand "A Signature of Excellence" - are designated as Signature Class become. The launch of the first ship with hull number 6149 took place on September 27, 2007 in Marghera. After the handover on June 16, 2008, the new building was christened by Queen Beatrix on July 27, 2008 and then put into service as Eurodam . At that time she was the largest ship that was built and put into service for Holland-America Line.
The structurally identical Nieuw Amsterdam was floated on October 30, 2009, also in Marghera. The ship was delivered on July 2, 2010 and put into service two days later as the new flagship.
With the ships of the Signature class, the machinery was completely modernized. The five engines of the older Sulzer type were replaced by six newly developed diesel engines from Caterpillar - MaK . The two eight-cylinder in-line and the four 12-cylinder V-engines of the M43C series have a combined output of 64,000 kW. The electrical systems were adapted accordingly.
The Signature Class ships have eleven passenger decks and have a capacity for around 2,100 passengers. They are based on the 285.3 m long hull of the Vista class, but differ in the extent and design of the two upper decks. 56 more cabins and a new restaurant amidships were set up there. With a measurement of approx. 86,000 GT, this results in a space ratio of 41 GT / passenger for the Signature class.
Hybrid Vista / Spirit class
The two ships of the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class developed for the Italian shipping company Costa Crociere are the largest variants of the construction class with a measurement of almost 93,000 GT. The keel laying of the Costa Luminosa took place on October 5th, 2007 in Marghera. It entered service in May 2009. The sister ship Costa Deliziosa was laid down at the Fincantieri shipyard in Ancona and towed to Marghera for completion in July 2008. The floating in the dock took place in March 2009, the commissioning in February 2010.
The last ship of the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class for the time being is the Queen Elizabeth of the Cunard Line. The construction contract was signed in October 2007. The keel of construction number 6187 was laid on June 2, 2009 in Monfalcone . The dock was flooded - the technical launch - took place on January 5, 2010. The ship was put into service in early October 2010. The Queen Elizabeth is the second largest ship ever built for the Cunard Line a survey of 90,901 GT.
As with the Signature class, the ships in the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class also use two eight-cylinder in-line engines and four 12-cylinder V-engines of the Caterpillar-MaK M43C type with a total output of 64,000 kW.
The Costa Deliziosa was the first Italian cruise ship to be equipped with the technology for shore power supply . This means that it can be supplied with electrical energy from the shore during the lay times in specially equipped ports.
The deck layouts of the Hybrid Vista / Spirit class show parallels to the modified Vista class, but are equipped with 12 passenger decks that have been designed differently according to the requirements of the shipping companies. On the Queen Elizabeth , 71 percent of the 1,046 cabins have balconies. The space ratio is 43.5 GT / passenger. Like all ships of the shipping company, the Queen Elizabeth is designed for two classes (“Britannia Class” and “Grill Class”).
The two ships built for Costa Crociere each have 1,130 cabins with a share of balcony cabins of around 59 percent. The space ratio is between 41 and 32.8 GT / passenger.
Comparable building classes
- Spirit class (approx. 85,900 GT, Carnival Cruise Lines , shipyard: Kvaerner Masa Yards AB )
- Radiance class (approx. 90,100 GT, Royal Caribbean International , shipyard: Meyer Werft )
- Coral class (approx. 91,600 GT, Princess Cruises , shipyard: Chantiers de l'Atlantique )
- Musica class (approx. 92,400 GT, MSC Crociere , shipyard: Chantiers de l'Atlantique)
- Jewel class (approx. 93,000 GT, Norwegian Cruise Line , shipyard: Meyer Werft)
|Surname||Build number||IMO no.||delivery||measurement||Owner||Status / whereabouts|
|Zuiderdam||6075||9221279||Dec 2002||82,305 GT||HAL Antilles NV||Typ ship
in service for Holland America Line
|Oosterdam||6076||9221281||July 2003||82,305 GT||HAL Antilles NV||in service for Holland-America Line|
|Westerdam||6077||9585285||April 2004||82,348 GT||HAL Antilles NV||in service for Holland-America Line|
|Arcadia||6078||9226906||March 2005||83,781 GT||Carnival Corp. & plc||modified Vista class
in service for P&O Cruises
|Noordam||6079||9230115||Feb 2006||82,318 GT||HAL Antilles NV||in service for Holland-America Line|
|Queen Victoria||6127||9320556||Nov 2007||90,049 GT||Carnival Corp. & plc||modified Vista class
in service for Cunard Line
|Eurodam||6149||9378448||June 2008||86,273 GT||HAL Antilles NV||in service for Holland-America Line|
|Nieuw Amsterdam||6181||9378450||June 2010||86,273 GT||HAL Antilles NV||in service for Holland-America Line|
|Hybrid Spirit / Vista class|
|Costa Luminosa||6155||9398905||April 2009||92,720 GT||Costa Crociere||in service for Costa Crociere|
|Costa Deliziosa||6164||9398917||Jan. 2010||92,720 GT||Costa Crociere||in service for Costa Crociere|
|Queen Elizabeth||6187||9477438||Sept 2010||90,901 GT||Cunard Line||in service for Cunard Line|
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