Mayor's Office Höhscheid
The mayor's office Höhscheid was a mayor's office in the Solingen district of the Prussian Rhine province in the 19th century . It emerged from parts of the medieval Bergisches Amt Solingen , which was dissolved under the French in 1806 and divided into independent cantons and Mairies . Under Prussia, the Mairie Höhscheid was converted into the mayor's office of Höhscheid. The area of the mayor's office is now part of the Bergisch city of Solingen and extends to the districts of Höhscheid , Aufderhöhe and small parts of Ohligs .
Background and story
The Duchy of Berg last belonged to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria due to inheritance . On March 15, 1806 he ceded the duchy to Napoleon Bonaparte in exchange for the principality of Ansbach . He transferred the duchy to his brother-in-law Joachim Murat , who united it on April 24, 1806 with the counties of Mark , Dortmund , Limburg on the right bank of the Rhine , the northern part of the Principality of Munster and other territories to form the Grand Duchy of Berg .
Soon after the takeover, the French administration in the Grand Duchy began to introduce new and modern administrative structures based on the French model. By August 3, 1806, this municipal reform replaced and unified the old Bergisch offices and rulers. It provided for the creation of departments , arrondissements , cantons and municipalities (called Mairies from the end of 1808) and broke with the old nobility prerogatives in local government. On November 14, 1808, this process was completed after a reorganization of the first structuring from 1806, the Altbergic honors were often retained and were assigned to the respective Mairies of a canton as rural communities. During this time, the municipality or Maire Höhscheid was created as part of the canton of Solingen in the Elberfeld arrondissement .
In 1813 the French withdrew from the Grand Duchy after the defeat in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig and from the end of 1813 it fell under the provisional administration of Prussia in the so-called Generalgouvernement Berg , which was finally granted it by the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna in 1815. With the formation of the Prussian province of Jülich-Kleve-Berg in 1816, the existing administrative structures were largely retained and, while maintaining the French borders, transformed into Prussian districts , mayorships and municipalities , which often survived into the 20th century. The canton of Solingen became the district of Solingen, the Maire Höhscheid became the mayor's office of Höhscheid.
In 1815/16 a total of 4,044 people lived in the mayor's office. According to the statistics and topography of the Düsseldorf administrative district , the mayor's office had a total population of 6,108 in 1832, divided into 503 Catholic and 4,605 Protestant parishioners. The mayor's quarters included a church, eleven public buildings, 753 apartment buildings, ten factories and mills and 750 agricultural buildings. According to the statistics (contemporary notation), the residential areas, courtyards and localities of the mayor's office included
- Hackhausen Honors (until 1830): Hackhauserhöhe , Hackhausen Castle and Bodlenberg House .
- Honschaft Höhscheid: Aue , in the Hasenmühl , in Schirpenbruch , Höhmann Mountain , Kohlberg , lumberyard , wasteland , Schirpenberg , New House , Steiger house , Irler Hof , Strupp mill , under Höhscheid , medium Höhscheid , Paffenhof , above Höhscheid , Bauermann Skulle , Neuenkamp , Neuenhof , Hing Mountain , Weinsberg , Platzhof , Platzhofermühle , Birmingham , above Fürkelt , below Fürkelt , middle Fürkelt , Kullen and in the back Meiswinkel .
- Honschaft Katternberg: Kirschheide , zur Linden , to Erf , Weeg , above Pilghaus , middle Pilghaus , below Pilghaus , in Siepen , Hossenhaus , Kotterhammer , Kottermühle , Kotten , Jacobshäuschen , Bellenhäuschen , Geilenberg , Nacken , Schaafenmühle , Wüstenstrasse , Kronenmühle , below Katternberg , middle Katternberg and above Katternberg .
- Honschaft Ruppelrath (from 1830 with the residential areas Hackhausen , Hackhauser Höfe , Bodlenberg ): Kreudersheide , Zur Straßen , Küllenberg , Greuel , Jammerthal , in the dents , Steinendorf , at the bridge , Löhdorf , Höh , Hensberg , Eickenberg , Dahl , to the Horn , Birkendahl , Brand , Gosse , Wachssack, Holzkamp , Ruppelrath , Hütten , an den Linden , Reinoldi Capelle , Landwehr , Burbach and an der Neuen-Tränke .
- Honschaft Widdert: Wüstenhof , Vockert , Höfchen , Oben Widdert , Rohlscheid , Oben Rüden , Below Rüden , Friedrichstal , Below Widdert , Before Meiswinkel , in the Lachen , in the Johantgesbruch , on the Heiden and in the Wippen .
The municipality and estate district statistics of the Rhine Province show 9,393 inhabitants for the year 1867. For 1871 122 residential places with a total of 1,252 residential buildings and 9,655 inhabitants are given (8,166 Protestant, 1,479 Catholic and ten other Christian beliefs).
The community encyclopedia for the province of Rhineland from 1888 gives a population of 11,631 for the city (and at the same time mayor's office) Höhscheid (9,557 Protestant, 1,932 Catholic, 111 other Christian and three Jewish beliefs and 28 without denomination), living in 132 places with a total of 1,737 Houses and 2,267 households lived. The area of the city and mayor's office (2,505 hectares ) was divided into 1,235 hectares of arable land, 225 hectares of meadows and 530 hectares of forest.
In addition to the residential places already mentioned in 1832, the following are also listed in the community encyclopedia : Bergerstrasse , Bernskotten , Bedlenberg , Böckersberg , Breitestrasse , Eichenberg , Eintracht , Erferstrasse , Ernenkotten , Evertsaue , Feldstrasse (Solingen) , Friedrichsaue , Friedrichshöhe , Gillich , Grünenthal , Haalsiepen , Heide, Henkelskotten , Higher Heath , Höhscheiderplatz , hope , Josefstal , Kasper box , boiler Weiler , Kotter Heidberg , Lindenstraße , Melcher cottas , Michel houses , nests cottas , Neuenhauser cottas , Nöhrenhaus , Nöhrenkotten , walnut , olive press , Park street , Pilghauserkotten , Rölscheid , Schaaf cottas , Schallbruch's mill , turnpike , Strup's mill , little room , Weyerberg , Weegerberg , Weegerstraße , Wipperbanden and Wüsthofskotten .
With effect from August 1, 1929, the town and mayor's office of Höhscheid was incorporated into the town of Solingen.
- Rheinischer Städteatlas Höhscheid : Lfg. VIII No. 45, 1985; Editor: Reinhold Kaiser; Rheinland-Verlag; Cologne; ISBN 3-7927-0830-2
- Handbook for the Atlas of Prussia in 27 maps : Geographical-statistical-topographical description of the Prussian monarchy and list of all localities of the same, Volume 1; JC Muller, 1835; University of Wisconsin - Madison (Google eBook)
- Johann Georg von Viebahn : Statistics and Topography of the Administrative District of Düsseldorf , 1836
- Friedrich von Restorff : Topographical-statistical description of the Royal Prussian Rhine Province , Nicolai, Berlin and Stettin 1830
- Royal Statistical Bureau, Prussia (ed.): The communities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . The Rhine Province, No. XI . Berlin 1874.
- Königliches Statistisches Bureau (Prussia) (Ed.): Community encyclopedia for the Rhineland Province, based on the materials of the census of December 1, 1885 and other official sources, (Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia, Volume XII), Berlin 1888.