Forchheim – Behringersmühle railway line

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Forchheim (Oberfr) –Behringersmühle
Section of the Forchheim – Behringersmühle railway line
Route number : 5113 (Forchheim – Ebermannstadt) ,
9585 (Ebermannstadt – Behringersmühle)
Course book section (DB) : 821 (Forchheim – Ebermannstadt) ,
12821 (Ebermannstadt – Behringersmühle)
Route length: 30.7 km
Gauge : 1435 mm ( standard gauge )
Route class : Forchheim (Oberfr) –Ebermannstadt: C4
Ebermannstadt – Behringersmühle: B2
Maximum slope : <20 
Top speed: 100 km / h
Route - straight ahead
from Bamberg
Station, station
0.000 Forchheim (Oberfr) 266 m
to Höchstadt (Aich) and to Nürnberg Hbf
2.200 Sigritzau (until 1927)
Stop, stop
3.361 Pinzberg
Stop, stop
4,506 Gosberg
Stop, stop
6.112 Wiesenthau
Stop, stop
8,831 Kirchehrenbach
10.7 Kolmreuth (until 1927)
Stop, stop
12.253 Pretzfeld
Station, station
14.765 Ebermannstadt 291 m
15.196 Infrastructure border DB Netz / Steam Railway Franconian Switzerland
Wiesent (44 m)
Stop, stop
17.200 Gasseldorf (since 1922, formerly Bf)
to Heiligenstadt (Oberfr)
Station, station
19.100 Streitberg 302 m
Wiesent (93 m)
Station, station
22.700 Muggendorf
Stop, stop
25.900 Burggaillereuth
Stop, stop
28.000 Gößweinstein
Wiesent (Hindenburg Bridge, 155 m)
End station - end of the line
30.700 Behringersmühle 322 m


The Forchheim – Behringersmühle line , also known as the Wiesent Valley Railway , is a branch line in Bavaria . It runs in Franconian Switzerland from Forchheim via Ebermannstadt to Behringersmühle .

The Forchheim - Ebermannstadt section is now operated by DB Netz AG , with agilis Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH serving passenger transport. The Ebermannstadt – Behringersmühle section is operated by the Franconian Switzerland Steam Railway (DFS) as a museum railway.


The Bavarian state railway opened on June 1, 1891 a 15 km branch line from the station Forchheim Ludwig South-North train to Wiesenttal up at that circle Ebermannstadt. Further construction would have been possible both in the Leinleitertal to Heiligenstadt and further up into the Wiesenttal to Gößweinstein ; The route to Heiligenstadt was implemented first , as the communities in the Wiesenttal could not agree on a route.

Muggendorf station (2016)

After the First World War , the Deutsche Reichsbahn resumed the construction of the railway into Wiesenttal, which had already been approved in 1912, but was only able to complete short sections for financial reasons. So one reached Muggendorf on June 15, 1922 and on July 9, 1927 the train station of the market Gößweinstein, which lies below the village in the valley. On October 5, 1930, the next station, Behringersmühle , was opened , 13.5 km from the Gasseldorf separation station, near the confluence of the Püttlach and Wiesent . The short end section from Gößweinstein to there was also the last newly built branch line in Bavaria.

A continuation in the direction of Pottenstein or even to Pegnitz, where they wanted to connect to the main line from Nuremberg to Bayreuth, was no longer possible because of the onset of the global economic crisis and the later growing importance of road traffic.


Nevertheless, the existing railway for tourism in Franconian Switzerland fulfilled its task satisfactorily for around 50 years. The excursion trains from Nuremberg and Bamberg to Behringersmühle, which were used by numerous hikers and regularly used in the summer timetable, deserve special mention.

Section Forchheim – Ebermannstadt

This section was added to the transport network for the greater Nuremberg area on September 27, 1987 and has since been referred to as the R22 regional train line. Diesel multiple units of the VT 614 series were used until the timetable change in winter 2008 , after which a series 642 train ran as a single or double train.

As part of the "Upper Franconia Diesel Network", the route was put out to tender by the Bavarian Railway Company on February 8, 2008. The winner of the tender, agilis Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH , has been using one-piece Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1 diesel multiple units since June 12, 2011 . Associated with this are longer operating times in the evening and a more frequent frequency on the weekend.

Section Ebermannstadt – Behringersmühle

Museum train on the way to Behringersmühle

On May 30, 1976, the DB stopped passenger services on the Ebermannstadt – Behringersmühle section. Since freight traffic had never played a major role here, the Deutsche Bundesbahn immediately planned to dismantle the track system. There was resistance to the foreseeable development as early as 1974, and DFS managed to buy the railway line. So it became possible to start a tourist train service here from August 9, 1980, which runs according to a fixed timetable in the summer half-year.

Main article: Steam Railway Franconian Switzerland


  • Günther Klebes: Left and right of the Wiesent Valley Railway . European Library, Zaltbommel 1984. ISBN 978-90-288-2801-8 .
  • Wolfgang Bleiweis, Ekkehard Martin, Stefan Winkler: Franconian branch lines then and now - Upper Franconia . Bufe-Fachbuch-Verlag, Egglham 1986, ISBN 3-922138-25-X .
  • Kerstin Schäfer: The high-rise buildings of the Upper Franconian branch lines. History, inventory and conversion . Michael Resch, Coburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-944237-05-3 .

Web links

Commons : Forchheim – Behringersmühle railway line  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ DB Netz AG: Infrastructure Register. In: , accessed on June 3, 2020.
  2. Railway Atlas Germany . 9th edition. Schweers + Wall, Aachen 2014, ISBN 978-3-89494-145-1 .
  3. Rail network conditions of use of the Fränkische Schweiz e. V. Steam Railway Franconian Switzerland, 2013, accessed on January 27, 2019 .
  4. ^ Rainer Mertens: Connection of the region . In: Railway in Nuremberg . Eisenbahn Journal, special edition 1, 2010, p. 28 ff .
  5. Bavarian State Ministry for Economics, Transport and Technology: Free State of Bavaria puts out diesel train services on the rail network in northeast Bavaria ( memento of July 24, 2011 in the Internet Archive ), press release of February 11, 2008
  6. Bayerische Eisenbahngesellschaft (BEG):