Buzuluk (city)

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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Volga
Oblast Orenburg
Urban district Buzuluk
Founded 1736
City since 1781
surface 54  km²
population 82,904 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1535 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 70  m
Time zone UTC + 5
Telephone code (+7) 35342
Post Code 461040-461059
License Plate 56
OKATO 53 412
Website www.buzuluk-town.ru
Geographical location
Coordinates 52 ° 46 ′  N , 52 ° 16 ′  E Coordinates: 52 ° 46 ′ 0 ″  N , 52 ° 16 ′ 0 ″  E
Buzuluk (city) (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Buzuluk (city) (Orenburg oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in the Orenburg Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Busuluk ( Russian Бузулук ) is a medium-sized town with 82,904 inhabitants (14 October 2010) in the west of Orenburg , Russia .


Buzuluk is located on the Samara River and its tributary Buzuluk , about halfway between the regional capital Orenburg and the Volga metropolis Samara , southwest of the foothills of the Ural Mountains . The distance to Orenburg is 246 km, the nearest city is Sorochinsk, 70 km away .

About 15 km north of the city is the Buzuluk coniferous forest ( Бузулукский бор ), a forest area of ​​over 1000 km² that has been national park status since January 2008 .


Buzuluk was founded in 1736 as one of then ten fortresses on the Samara River. The city name comes from one of the Turkic languages spoken on Russian territory , but there are several versions of the meaning of the toponym.

During the Pugachev Peasants' War the fortress fell to the insurgents, later it lost its original purpose and developed into an ordinary town. The town received city rights during a reform under Catherine the Great in 1781.

Buzuluk experienced accelerated development with the opening of the railway line from Samara to Orenburg, on which it is located, in 1877. At that time, a power station, schools, libraries and other infrastructure facilities were built in the city for the first time. Thanks to the now favorable traffic situation, the grain trade flourished. From the end of the 19th century to 1926, the population of Buzuluk almost doubled.

From September 1941 to April 1942, the headquarters of the Anders Army , the Polish armed forces set up in the Soviet Union on the basis of the Sikorski-Maiski Agreement, under the command of General Władysław Anders, was in Buzuluk .

Since the 1960s, oil deposits have been developed in the vicinity of Buzuluk , which has given the city another surge in growth and also created new districts.

Population development

year Residents
1897 14,362
1926 24,568
1939 42,430
1959 54,851
1970 67.091
1979 76.013
1989 83.994
2002 87.286
2010 82.904

Note: census data

Economy and Transport

Economically, the city lives primarily from the mineral oil production in the area and its processing, as well as from light industry and grain cultivation.

Busuluk owes its good transport links to its location between the metropolises of Samara and Orenburg, with a connection to the M5 trunk road and the Samara – Orenburg railway line.

sons and daughters of the town

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Władysław Anders: Bez ostatniego rozdziału. Wspomnienia z lat 1939-1946. London 1949, pp. 110-120.
  3. Sławomir Koper: Polskie pikiełko. Obrazy z życia elit emigracyjnych 1939-1945. Warszawa 2012, pp. 320-326.
  4. Яковлев Константин Константинович , tankfront.ru (Russian)

Web links