City of Spremberg
|Height :||115 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||374 (Jan. 1, 2018)|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1944|
|Postal code :||03130|
|Area code :||03563|
Location of Cantdorf in the city of Spremberg
Cantdorf , Konopotna in Lower Sorbian , is a district of the town of Spremberg in the Spree-Neisse district in Brandenburg . Until it was incorporated in January 1944, Cantdorf was an independent municipality. Cantdorf has had the status of a district since January 1, 2016, before that place was a residential area of Spremberg.
Cantdorf is located in Niederlausitz in the official settlement area of the Sorbs / Wends . Neighboring villages are Bühlow in the north, Haidemühl in the northeast, Weskow in the east, the city of Spremberg in the south and its municipality of Kochsdorf in the southwest. The Welzow-Süd open-cast lignite mine is located west of Cantdorf .
The connecting road between the federal highway 97 from Dresden to Cottbus and the federal highway 156 from Großräschen to Bautzen , which runs west and south of Cantdorf, runs through Cantdorf. The Spree flows east of Cantdorf .
The Wilhelmsthal (Wylemojce) residential area belongs to Cantdorf .
Cantdorf was first mentioned in a document as Canttorf in 1533 . The place name changed in the course of time from Cantdorff (1567) to Kondorff (1761) to Kandorf in 1843 and comes from the Lower Sorbian word chojawa , which means single pine . The genitive form Chojan which was then Ortsnamensuffix -dorf attached.
Cantdorf was a predominantly Sorbian-speaking village until the 19th century. In the 1880s, Arnošt Muka determined a population of 360 for his statistics on the Sorbian population in Lusatia in Cantdorf, of which 280 were Sorbs and 80 Germans, which corresponded to a Sorbian-speaking share of 78%. The language change to German took place mainly in the first half of the 20th century.
After the Congress of Vienna Cantdorf came to the Kingdom of Prussia as part of Niederlausitz . On January 1, 1946, Cantdorf was incorporated into Spremberg . On July 25, 1952, Cantdorf was assigned to the newly formed Spremberg district in the Cottbus district as part of the town of Spremberg and was in the Spremberg district in Brandenburg after the fall of the Wall . Since the district reform in Brandenburg on December 6, 1993 , Cantdorf has been part of the newly formed Spree-Neisse district . On January 1, 2016 Cantdorf received the status of a district.
|Population development in Cantdorf from 1875 to 1939|
- Wilhelm Kitto (1842–1903), Prussian soldier, born in Cantdorf
- Districts of the city of Spremberg. In: stadt-spremberg.de. Retrieved February 7, 2018 .
- Hanswilhelm Haefs: Place names and local stories from the Spreewald . 2014, ISBN 978-3-7357-3556-0 , pp. 85 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Ernst Tschernik : The development of the Sorbian population . Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1954.
- Cantdorf in the historical index of places. Retrieved May 6, 2017 .
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. (PDF; 331 kB) District Spree-Neisse. State Office for Data Processing and Statistics State of Brandenburg, December 2006, accessed on May 6, 2017 .