Christoph Rommel

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Christoph Rommel

Dietrich Christoph Rommel , von Rommel from 1828 , (born April 17, 1781 in Kassel ; † January 21, 1859 there ) was a German historian and philologist .


His father was the metropolitan and court preacher of Kassel, Justus Philipp Rommel (1753-1837). His mother was Marie Margarethe, née Knyrim (1758–1849), a daughter of the dean of St. Martin's monastery , Philipp Heinrich Knyrim (1707–1789), and Charlotte Sophie Faucher. The later Prussian Lieutenant General Theodor von Rommel (1793–1868) was his brother.


His father sent him to the Lyceum Fridericianum in Kassel, where he was taught by the philologist Karl Ludwig Richter. Christoph Rommel was interested in Arabic languages ​​while he was still at school before he began studying theology in Marburg in 1799. Just a few months later, in the spring of 1800, he switched to classical philology and antiquity at the University of Göttingen. On May 14, 1803, Rommel received his doctorate. At the age of 25, in March 1804, he became an associate professor at the philosophical faculty of the University of Marburg, and about a year later he was made a full professor. In 1810 he followed the call of the Russian University of Kharkov . There he was appointed full professor of Roman literature and antiquity as well as director of the Pedagogical Institute and chairman of the academy. Furthermore, in 1810 he was also the Imperial Russian Councilor. When he arrived in Kharkov on January 27, 1811, he found the diverse teaching staff and students with little previous education. There was no place here for the subtleties of science and research. Since there was even a lack of books, he had classics printed there.

Because of the worsening political situation after the Napoleonic War, he went back and on October 1, 1815 was again full professor of history at the Philipps University of Marburg. (His Russian wife stayed in Petersburg and divorced in 1816.) Immediately after his arrival in Marburg, he began work on his 10-volume work on Hessian history, which would keep him busy until his death. On May 10, 1816, he became a member of the State Economic Institute of the University of Marburg and in 1819 its head. Furthermore, from the summer semester of 1816 and until 1820, he was a member of the Philological Department of the University of Marburg and its director in 1816 and 1819/20.

On March 25, 1818 he was appointed Electoral Councilor. After the publication of the first volume of his history of Hesse, he was appointed director of the Hessian court and state archive in Kassel on August 20, 1820 and was given the title of historiographer of the House of Hesse . In 1828 he was raised to the hereditary nobility of Hesse and was allowed to call himself Dietrich Christoph von Rommel from then on. A year later he was also appointed director of the state library and the state museum in Kassel. He held this office for two years. In 1834 Rommel was also one of the founders of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies . In 1854 he was appointed to the electoral state council.

Rommel died on January 21, 1859 in his hometown Kassel.


He married Margarethe Ivanovna in Kharkov in 1811 . She stayed in St. Petersburg when he left in 1815 , and the marriage ended in divorce in 1816. He then married Wilhelmine von Heppe (1799–1840), the daughter of the Privy Councilor Johann Adolf von Heppe (1763–1815), and Franziska Philippine Elisabeth Knyriem. The couple had four children.


In 1817/18 Wilhelmine von Schwertzell wrote the art tale Once upon a time there was a boy , a parody of Professor Christoph Rommel.


  • Abulfedae Arabiae descriptio commentario perpetuo illustrata. Goettingen 1802.
  • Caucasicarum regionum et gentium Straboniana descriptio ex recentioris aevi noitiis commentario perpetuo illustrata. Leipzig 1804.
  • De Taciti descriptione Germanorum. Marburg Program 1805.
  • On the philology and philological explanation of the Greek and Roman classics. Marburg 1805.
  • The peoples of the Caucasus according to the reports of the travel writers , 1808, digitized .
  • About geography, ethnography and statistics along with an outline of these and the political sciences; for the purpose of academic lectures. Marburg: Warriors, 1810.
  • Brief history of the Hessian church improvement under Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, Wilhelm the White and Moritz the Scholar Kassel in 1817.
  • History of Hessen. 10 volumes. Marburg and Kassel 1820-1858 Volume 1 , Volume 2 , Volume 3 , Volume 4 , Volume 5 , Volume 6 , Volume 8 , Volume 9 , Volume 10 .
  • Philip the Generous, Landgrave of Hesse: in contribution to the more precise customer d. Reformation in the sixteenth century. / from d. Certificates and Edit other sources u. ed. v. Christoph von Rommel. Giessen: Heyer, 1830.
  • Correspondance inédite de Henri IV. Roi de France et de Navarre avec Maurice-le-Savant, Landgrave de Hesse. Paris 1840.
  • Leibnitz and Landgrave Ernst von Hessen-Rheinfels. An unprinted exchange of letters on religious and political subjects 2 volumes. Frankfurt am Main 1847.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Schoof : On the genesis of the Grimm fairy tales . Dr. Ernst Hausnedell & Co. Hamburg 1959 pp. 90- 97