Clemente Micara

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Coat of arms of Cardinal Clemente Micara

Clemente Cardinal Micara (born December 24, 1879 in Frascati , Province of Rome , Italy , † March 11, 1965 in Rome ) was a Vatican diplomat and Curia Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church . From 1951 he was cardinal vicar for the diocese of Rome .


As a seminarian at the Capranica College Clemente Micara studied at various universities of Rome Catholic theology and philosophy and received on 20 September 1902, the sacrament of Holy Orders . After further studies, he entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1904 . Until 1909 he worked in the Vatican State Secretariat , from 1909 to 1915 he was secretary of the Apostolic Nunciature in Argentina . After a brief assignment in Belgium , he joined the Apostolic Nunciature in Austria in 1916 . In 1919 and 1920 he worked as papal envoy in Czechoslovakia .

On 8 August 1920 after being appointed Titular Archbishop of Apamea in Syria and the Apostolic Nuncio to Czechoslovakia , gave him Pietro Cardinal Gasparri , the episcopal ordination ; Co- consecrators were the former bishop of Urbania-Sant'Angelo in Vado , Antonio Valbonesi , and Karel Kašpar , auxiliary bishop in Königgrätz . From 1923 Clemente Micara was Apostolic Nuncio in Belgium and at the same time Internuntius for the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg . During the German occupation from 1940 to 1944, Clemente Micara fled to Rome before he was able to resume work in Brussels in 1944 .

On February 18, 1946, Pope Pius XII took him . as a cardinal priest with the titular church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva in the college of cardinals and raised him to cardinal bishop of Velletri in the same year . In 1950 he appointed him prefect of the religious congregation and pro-prefect of the rites congregation . He resigned from these offices in 1953.

In the following years, Clemente Micara represented the Pope as papal legate at numerous celebrations around the world. In this capacity, Micara had already become known to the German Catholics in August 1948, when he represented the Pope at the celebrations for the Cologne Cathedral Festival, which marked the 700th anniversary of the beginning of the cathedral construction and the reopening of the cathedral after the destruction of the Second World War was celebrated. In January 1951 he became Cardinal Vicar of Rome and Cardinal Subdean ; Cardinal Micara retained both offices until his death. He attended the first session of the Second Vatican Council .

He died in Rome on March 11, 1965 and was buried in the Basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva .



Web links

Commons : Clemente Micara  - collection of images, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Cardinal Eugène Tisserant Cardinal Sub- Dean
Giuseppe Cardinal Pizzardo
Francesco Cardinal Marchetti Selvaggiani Cardinal Vicar
Cardinal Luigi Traglia
Cardinal Luigi Lavitrano Prefect of the Congregation for the Religious
Valerio Cardinal Valeri
Enrico Cardinal Gasparri Cardinal Bishop of Velletri
Fernando Cardinal Cento
Cardinal Eugène Tisserant Chamberlain of the Holy College of Cardinals
Giuseppe Cardinal Pizzardo