Dörnthal (Olbernhau)

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City of Olbernhau
Coordinates: 50 ° 44 ′ 4 ″  N , 13 ° 20 ′ 11 ″  E
Height : 559 m
Residents : 701  (May 9, 2011)
Incorporation : January 1, 1999
Incorporated into: Pfaffroda
Postal code : 09526
Area code : 037360
Dörnthal (Saxony)

Location of Dörnthal in Saxony

Dörnthal is a district of the Saxon town of Olbernhau in the Erzgebirge district .



Landscape near Dörnthal

The Waldhufendorf Dörnthal is located about 6 kilometers northwest of Sayda in the Ore Mountains . The location extends roughly in an east-west direction along a stream. To the south of Dörnthal is the Dörnthaler Teich
. The state road 215 runs through the village (as a connection between the B 101 and Pfaffroda), the district road 8113 connects to Haselbach in the west and the S 207 Eppendorf - B 171 at the eastern exit of the village. The highest point in Dörnthal is the Saidenberg (700.8 m). Due to its exposed location to the Erzgebirge foothills and the associated wind speeds, several wind turbines have been built on the Saidenberg since 1994 (Saidenberg wind farm).

Neighboring places

Middle Aida Obersaida Zethau
Haselbach Neighboring communities Voigtsdorf
Hutha Pfaffroda Pilsdorf


Rittergut Dörnthal (around 1860)
Former secondary school Dörnthal
Place pyramid in Dörnthal

The first written mention of the place dates from 1449 as Dorrental , the foundation of the place is assumed for the 2nd half of the 12th century. It is said to have received its name from the chapel of St. Dorothea, which existed here until 1790 and which is said to have belonged to the Osek monastery .

In feudal letters from 1449 onwards, the Freiberg patrician families Wigkart and Alnpecks can be traced back to the village feudal lords, followed in 1501 by those from Schönberg auf Purschenstein , who ruled until 1945. From the beginning there was a manor in the village with upper and lower jurisdiction . For a long time, the areas of Zethau , Helbigsdorf , Weigmannsdorf , Randeck , Hutha and Reukersdorf belonged to its area, which were subject to compulsory payment to the manor. In 1851 these were replaced. With the Reformation in 1539 the place remained an independent parish , in 1572 the first teacher was mentioned. Around 1465 ( dendro ), the 13th century village church was given a wooden fortified floor and thus became a fortified church . Shortly before 1500 (dendro), a polygonal choir - also with a defensive storey - was added to the rectangular nave. During the Thirty Years' War the place was repeatedly plundered and destroyed, many peasants were killed and shot. Part of the population was able to flee into the surrounding forests. Buildings and fields remained desolate for decades and in some cases without owners.

To support mining in Freiberg, the manor mill was sold to the electoral rose and water establishment in 1787 to promote pond and artificial ditch construction , and the Schützenteich was created. The ponds were enlarged in 1842/1844. A public library was established in the rectory in 1893. The connection to the public electricity supply took place in 1914, 1926-28 street lighting was installed, and in 1928 the first communal water pipe was built. A kindergarten was set up as early as 1939. In 1974 Haselbach was incorporated.

On January 1, 1999, the previously independent communities Dörnthal Hallbach and Pfaffroda b. Sayda, the Pfaffroda community was newly formed, Dörnthal and Haselbach became districts of the community.

On May 21, 2004, a friendship certificate was signed between the Grafenhausen community in Baden-Württemberg and Dörnthal.

On January 1, 2017, the municipality of Pfaffroda and all of its districts were incorporated into the city of Olbernhau.

Development of the population

year population
1501 53 possessed man
1551 18 possessed men, 50 residents
1764 48 possessed men, 37 gardeners and cottagers , 50 ¾ hooves
1834 1081
1871 1276
year population
1890 1136
1910 1031
1925 1008
1939 944
1946 1196
year population
1950 1186
1964 1042
1990 1 1255
Rittergut Dörnthal, manor house, today nursing home (2016)
1 Dörnthal with Haselbach

Sons and daughters of the place

  • Oskar Trinks (1873–1952), politician of the SPD, member of the Baden state parliament, member of the Weimar National Assembly
  • Bruno Biedermann (1904–1953), NSDAP politician and member of the Reichstag
  • Fritz Zimmermann (* 1930), professor of history, 1972 editor-in-chief of the magazine "Contributions to the History of the Labor Movement" in Berlin, author "Der Dorfschmied" and "Dörnthal"


The Dörnthal oil mill , first mentioned on December 2, 1650 , has been producing for at least this year - it is believed that it is even older - and is thus the oldest producing oil mill in Germany. The facilities have been under monument protection since 1993. The Braun Mühle Dörnthal , which was first documented on January 24, 1559 , has had a brewery since 2010.

To this day, there are eleven water-powered mills that ground grain or made edible oil from linseed in stamping mills .


  • Dörrnthal, Dörrenthal, Dörenthal, most correctly Dorotheenthal . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 1st volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1814, pp. 745-748.
  • Dörrnthal . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 15th volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1828, pp. 251-255.
  • District Office Middle Erzgebirgskreis, Ed .: On the history of the cities and municipalities in the Middle Erzgebirgskreis , a time table (parts 1–3)
  • Richard Steche : Dörnthal. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 3. Issue: Amtshauptmannschaft Freiberg . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1884, p. 5.
  • Fritz Zimmermann: Dörnthal - story of an Erzgebirge farming village. NORA publishing group Dyck & Westerheide, Berlin. ISBN 3-936735-02-6

Web links

Commons : Dörnthal (Pfaffroda)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Dörnthal in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony

Individual evidence

  1. Small-scale municipality sheet for Pfaffroda. (PDF; 0.23 MB) State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony , September 2014, accessed on January 29, 2015 .
  2. a b cf. Dörnthal in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  3. cf. Dörrnthal . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 1st volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1814, p. 745.
  4. a b History of the Dörnthal district , accessed on December 22, 2010.
  5. ↑ Area changes from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 1999 on the website of the State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony , p. 4 (PDF; 39 kB), accessed on December 21, 2010.
  6. ^ History of the Dörnthal oil mill , accessed on December 22, 2010.
  7. http://www.braun-muehle-doernthal.de/geschichte.htm