|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Hermagor|
|License plate :||HE|
|Residents :||1,212 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||34 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||9635|
|Area code :||0 47 18|
|Community code :||2 03 02|
|Address of the
9635 Dellach i. G.
|Mayor :||Johannes Lenzhofer ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Dellach in the Hermagor district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The municipality includes the following twelve localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
Other locations are Obernölbling and Unternölbling in the village of Nölbling and Oberstollwitz and Unterstollwitz in the village of Stollwitz. The only cadastral community is Dellach.
|Dellach in the Drautal||Berg im Drautal|
The prehistoric settlement of Gurina can be traced back to the Hallstatt period in what is now the municipality . In the vicinity of the settlement, copper smelting caves were discovered, which lasted for the years 600 to 400 BC. Attest a flourishing culture. Celtic coins were minted in Gurina, the settlement is at least 2900 years old and in Roman times was probably the first Roman city complex in present-day Austria.
The name Dellach comes from the Slavic ("Doljah", for "with the valley inhabitants" ), the Slovenian name could be "Dole" (from dol: down, down, valley side), in dialect "Doljani" (see Dellach ). In 1370 the place was first mentioned as Doelach .
Excavations at the current parish church of St. Daniel have uncovered the remains of four previous buildings from the Carolingian era to the late Romanesque, which suggests settlement from the early Middle Ages.
The Goldenstein Castle was of great importance as the seat of a regional court - later united with Pittersberg - for the upper Gail Valley. It was given as a fiefdom of the Counts of Görz-Tirol , after their extinction came under the sovereign rule of the Habsburgs and was handed over to Gabriel von Salamanca together with the County of Ortenburg in 1524 . In 1640 the Widmann brothers acquired the county with all rulership rights and sold it to Ferdinand von Porcia as early as 1662, in whose family the judiciary of Goldenstein remained until 1848 and ownership of the castle until 1918.
After the discovery of zinc and copper, Dellach has been a center of metal processing since the end of the Middle Ages, in the 18th and 19th centuries iron ore was also mined and processed, at times 291 miners and metal workers lived in Dellach.
The community was constituted in 1850 and has not changed its borders since then.
At the time of the 2001 census, Dellach had 1,373 inhabitants, of which 96.1% had Austrian and 2.2% German citizenship . 85.9% of the population confessed to the Roman Catholic and 11.9% to the Protestant Church, 1% was without religious belief.
Culture and sights
- Parish church St. Daniel im Gailtal , original parish of the Upper Gailtal
- Church of St. Helena am Wieserberg : Romanesque building
- Gurina: archaeological excavations Gurina with reconstruction of a temple
- Visitor center GeoPark Carnic Alps
Johannes Lenzhofer (ÖVP) has been the directly elected mayor since 2015.
coat of arms
In Dellach's coat of arms, the blue wavy bar symbolizes the Gail and the mining symbol symbolizes the mining industry that was previously located here. The lily of the princes of Porcia indicates the most important owners of the former regional judiciary.
The blazon of the arms reads: "In gold, a blue diagonally left wave beams, accompanied up of a blue lily, down from a blue mine sign." Coat of arms and flag of the municipality were presented on 1 June 1983. The flag is yellow-blue with an incorporated coat of arms.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Anton Ronacher (1841–1892), theater entrepreneur
- Viktor Waldner (1852-1924), politician of the German National Party (DnP)
- Gabi Waldner (* 1969), journalist and presenter
Personalities associated with the community
- Wolfgang Waldner (* 1954), State Secretary, Provincial Council (Carinthia)
- Peter Jablonka : The Gurina near Dellach in the Gailtal. Settlement, trading center and sanctuary . 2001, ISBN 3-7749-2971-8
- Wilhelm Deuer, Paul Gleirscher, Harald Krahwinkler, Peter G. Tropper, Manfred Wassermann: St. Daniel - On the history of the oldest parish in the upper Gailtal and Lesachtal . 2004, ISBN 3-902128-36-4
- Hans P. Schönlaub : From the Big Bang to the Gail Valley: 500 million years of geological history in the Carnic region . 1988, ISBN 3-900312-78-8
- Hans P. Schönlaub: The real hero is nature - Geopark Carnic Region . 2005, ISBN 3-85316-021-2
- Thomas Steppan: The late Romanesque wall paintings of St. Helena on Wieserberg . 2009, ISBN 3-7954-2215-9
- Peter Gamper: The Gurina - near Dellach in the Gailtal . 2012, ISBN 978-3-902128-18-8
- Dellach community
- Dellach private website
- 20302 - Dellach (Gailtal). Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Finds point to the oldest city in Austria (orf.at)
- Statistics Austria, population census, demographic data. May 15, 2001, accessed March 3, 2019 .
- Quoted from Wilhelm Deuer: The Carinthian municipal coat of arms . Verlag des Kärntner Landesarchiv, Klagenfurt 2006, ISBN 3-900531-64-1 , p. 66