German fencing championships
The German fencing championships are an annual competition in which a German champion is chosen in the men's and women's classes for various branches of fencing . Titles are awarded in the branches of sword , foil and saber in individual and team disciplines. They are organized by the German Fencing Association .
The first fencing clubs in German-speaking countries were founded in the second half of the 19th century.
1896–1899: From the first championships to the dissolution of the DÖFB
The first German fencing championships in 1896 took place in Berlin as part of the Berlin trade exhibition in the saber and foil branches. In this first attempt to hold an all-German championship, however, mainly fencers from the Rhineland and Berlin took part. At the German fencing championships in Berlin in 1897 , which were held by the German Fencing Federation founded on March 7, 1897 , the sword was added. In order to prevent a split and to express Austria's equal membership at the time, the DFB was renamed the German and Austrian Fencing Association in October . The German fencing championships in 1899 were the last German championships held by the German and Austrian fencing associations . In 1900 the championships were canceled because of the Olympic Games, then the DÖFB already dissolved.
Since 1913: German fencing championships of the DFB
The next championships did not take place until 1913 , this time with the German Fencing Association founded in 1911 as the host. Since 1913, the German fencing championships have been held annually at different venues with individual interruptions, e.g. due to the First or Second World War .
In 1913 the first men's team competitions were held and in 1921 the fencing competitions were held for the first time at two different venues. In 1922 the team competitions had to be canceled for financial reasons. Women's competitions were first introduced at the German Fencing Championships in 1923, but only in women's florets. In 1926 the women's sword was added.
At the German fencing championships in 1927 , the team championship in the men's saber was canceled and could only be completed on May 13, 1928 the following year.
With the beginning of the Second World War, no team competitions took place from 1939 to 1941 and 1943; In 1942 there was only one team competition in women's florets. From 1944 the German fencing championships were completely canceled. After the end of the Second World War, sport fencing was banned by the Allied Control Council and it was not until 1951 that the first German fencing championships of the post-war period took place.
In 1927, in addition to the foil competition, the women’s last time was in the epee singles until 1987 . At the fencing championships in 1988 , a women's epee team competition was also fought for the first time. Women's saber singles championships were held for the first time in 1999 . Team competitions in women's saber were added to the fencing championships in 2000 .
In 2020 the German fencing championships had to be canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany .
Jürgen Hehn , from Tauberbischofsheimer , was the last fencer to date to become the German individual champion with the sword in 1972 and the foil in 1974 with the increasing specialization in one weapon .
- Official website of the German Fencing Association at www.fechten.org
- Andreas Schirmer, En Garde! Allez! Touchez! 100 Years of Fencing in Germany - A Success Story , Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2012. Page 21f.
- Andreas Schirmer (Ed.): En Garde! Allez! Touchez! 100 Years of Fencing in Germany - A Success Story , Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2012. Page 22.
- Max Schröder: Deutsche Fechtkunst , Georg Koenig Buchdruckerei und Verlag, Berlin 1938, p. 50.
- Max Schröder: Deutsche Fechtkunst , Georg Koenig Buchdruckerei and Verlag, Berlin 1938, p. 56f.
- Results according to the tables in the German Fencing Association (Ed.), Andreas Schirmer (Red): En Garde! Allez! Touchez! 100 Years of Fencing in Germany - A Success Story , Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2012. Page 218ff and after Max Schröder: Deutsche Fechtkunst , Georg Koenig Buchdruckerei und Verlag, Berlin 1938, pp. 49–66.
- DFB_Information_Stand_Coronavirus_Ausbendung_Infektionsrisis_und_Ausektiven_20200309_V3.pdf. In: fechten.org. Accessed June 1, 2020 .
- German fencing championships canceled. 13 fencers of VT Zweibrücken qualified. In: saarbruecker-zeitung.de. Accessed June 1, 2020 .
- Deutscher Fechter-Bund: German Masters on the DFB website at www.fechten.org, accessed on June 25, 2017.