|coat of arms||map|
|Kraj :||Bratislavský kraj|
|Area :||22.546 km²|
|Residents :||1,066 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||47 inhabitants per km²|
|Height :||255 m nm|
|Postal code :||900 88|
|Telephone code :||0 33|
|Geographic location :||48 ° 25 ' N , 17 ° 23' E|
|License plate :||PK|
|Kód obce :||507873|
|Community type :||local community|
|Administration (as of November 2018)|
|Mayor :||Jozef Mruškovič|
|Address:||Obecný úrad Doľany
|Statistics information on statistics.sk|
Doľany (until 1948 Slovak "Ompitál"; German Ottent [h] al , Hungarian Ottóvölgy - until 1888 Ompitál ) is a municipality in Bratislavský kraj in western Slovakia .
The place is located in the Danube lowlands at the foot of the Little Carpathians , on the road between Modra and Smolenice . The city of Trnava is 18 km to the east and the capital Bratislava is 36 km to the southwest.
The place was mentioned for the first time in 1390 as Ottenthal and belonged to the estate of Rotenstein Castle , which is in the neighboring town of Častá . The German and old Slovak name is said to go back to the emperor Otto II (955–983). Ottenthal was a market town in the 16th and 17th centuries. In the 17th century there was a glassworks in the forest above the community, and a paper mill has been there since the 18th century.
Until 1918 the place in Pressburg County belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary , then it came to the newly formed Czechoslovakia , or today Slovakia. In 1945 Ottenthal was partially destroyed by the German armed forces. In 1948 the German-derived name Ompitál was renamed to the more Slavic-sounding Doľany (derived from the Slovak dolina = "valley").
- Roman Catholic Church of St. Catherine from the 14th century
- City tower from 1598, located on a stone bridge over the stream
- Kalvarienberg above the village, with the small church of St. Leonard from 1360, partly hidden in a cave. Every year a pilgrimage is organized there on the sixth Sunday after Easter.
- Juraj Fándly (1750–1811), writer, lived and died in Doľany