Ernst Kalinka

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Ernst Kalinka (born February 5, 1865 in Vienna , † June 15, 1946 in Hall in Tirol ) was an Austrian classical philologist who worked from 1903 to 1935 as a professor at the University of Innsbruck .


Ernst Kalinka attended the Schottengymnasium and then studied at the University of Vienna . At first he wavered between law, theology and philology, until Karl Schenkl and especially Otto Benndorf won him over for classical philology. After graduating as Dr. phil. (1889) he passed the teaching exams for Greek, Latin and German in the same year. He then completed his probationary year at the grammar school in Vienna IX; In 1890 he also passed the examination in philosophical propaedeutics .

In the following years Kalinka undertook research trips, mainly in the Mediterranean area. From 1890 to 1891 he toured Germany, France, Italy and Greece, and in 1892 he accompanied Otto Benndorf on his third trip to Lycia . Kalinka stayed in Lycia until 1894 to collect inscriptions from Asia Minor on behalf of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna .

In 1894 Kalinka was appointed to the newly established section of the Academy in Constantinople . On behalf of Rudolf Heberdey , he traveled to Asia Minor and European Turkey ( Thrace ). In 1896 Kalinka returned to Vienna, where he qualified as a professor in classical philology and married his wife Wera. Together with Eugen Bormann , he went on a research trip to Bulgaria in 1897. When the Austrian Archaeological Institute was founded (1898) he was appointed secretary.

From 1900 to 1903 Kalinka held a full professorship for classical philology at the University of Chernivtsi . This chair was only a transit station for him. He found his position in life as a full professor of his subject at the University of Innsbruck , where he taught and researched from 1903 until his retirement in 1935. In the academic year 1905/1906 he served as dean of the philosophical faculty, in 1910/1911 as rector of the university. In this capacity he promoted the construction of the new university building.

As a pupil of Otto Benndorf, Kalinka belonged to a generation of the Viennese School of Classical Studies, which closely intertwined philology, archeology and epigraphy . This character is reflected in his scientific work as well as in his academic teaching. He wrote numerous publications on inscriptions - the Tituli Asiae minoris (1920–1944) are one of his main works - as well as studies and annotated editions on Latin and Greek authors. He wrote articles on manuscript studies, papyrology , religious studies , verse doctrine and the Roman military system. Kalinka was a member of numerous scientific societies, including the Austrian, Russian, Bulgarian and German Archaeological Institutes , the Greek Society in Constantinople and the Academy of Sciences in Vienna , which elected him a corresponding member in 1911 and a full member in 1927.


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