Gerhard Exner (Major General)

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Gerhard Exner (born November 12, 1919 in Stolzenberg ; † March 26, 1989 in Berlin ) was a German police officer in the German People's Police . From 1968 to 1982 he was director of the state archive administration of the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR .


Exner, the son of a farm laborer, was born in Lower Silesia , attended elementary school from 1926 to 1934 and an advanced training school until 1937. Then he worked on his father's small farm. In winter he also went logging and worked in road construction . In 1939 he was called up for military service . At the end of the war in 1945 he was quartered as a soldier with a farmer in Krippehna and was ordered to go to Berlin . He deserted and was picked up by the Americans in a town near Bitterfeld and shipped to the Bad Hersfeld prison camp in Hesse .

After the end of the Second World War , he returned from internment to Krippehna in June 1945, which belonged to the American zone of occupation until July 1945 . He found accommodation with the farmer with whom he was quartered and helped him in the fields. After bringing in the summer harvest , he started his way home to Stolzenberg, but after several days of traveling by train via Dresden and Chemnitz , he landed again near Leipzig , in Altenburg . He was able to spend the night in a police station and since there was no further travel in the foreseeable future, he finally became a police officer. On September 1, 1945 he began his service as a sergeant in the police station in Police Station 1 in Altenburg. Since the police in the district were almost all members of the Social Democratic Party of Germany , he became a member of the SPD in 1945 and, with the forced unification of the SPD and KPD, a member of the SED in 1946 .

In November / December 1945 he took part in the first course at a police school in the state of Thuringia in Erfurt . He became Oberwachtmeister and clerk at the commander of the regulatory police. A year later he went to Kahla as head of the police office and soon afterwards as deputy head of the district police department and head of the police in Stadtroda . Exner became head of the Suhl city ​​police in 1948 and attended the Kochstedt police school from 1949 to 1950 . Then he was promoted to the VP-Oberrat and assigned to the main administration of the German People's Police (HVDVP), main department of the protection police in Berlin. He was department head for organization and operational issues of the police and at the same time worked as a secret informator (GI). Exner, now an inspector , developed the ABV system in the Chemnitz district based on the Soviet model from the summer of 1952 , which was then introduced throughout the GDR in December 1952. After four years of study at the evening university of Marxism-Leninism from 1951 to 1955, he became a correspondence student for another four years at the German Academy for Political Science and Law in Babelsberg and in 1959 earned his law degree.

In July 1957 the VP inspector reasserted him to the position of Colonel VP. In October 1957 he was one of the organizers of the exchange of money in the GDR on behalf of the Minister of the Interior Karl Maron . He then returned to the post of deputy head of the Main Department of the Protection Police in the Ministry of the Interior (MdI) until 1958. In April 1958 he switched to the security department of the Central Committee of the SED , which ended his GI activity. From 1964 to 1967 he served as head of the Executive Administration of MdI (successor of Anton Switalla ).

On the occasion of the 19th anniversary of the German People's Police on July 1, 1964, he was appointed major general by the GDR Council of Ministers. In 1966 Exner was an unscheduled postgraduate at the University of the German People's Police "Karl Liebknecht" Dr. jur. PhD. For health reasons, he was dismissed from the position of executive officer. He initially worked in the historical department of the MdI.

After the previous director of the State Archives Administration of the GDR , Walter Hochmuth , retired due to old age, Exner was appointed as the new director of the archives administration by the Minister of the Interior of the GDR Friedrich Dickel with effect from August 1, 1968 . He held this position for 14 years until the end of December 1982. During this time he was a member of the National Committee of Historians of the GDR, the Council for Historical Studies of the GDR and the Presidium of the Historians' Society of the GDR .

In his spare time, Exner was an active hunter . Exner was married and the father of two daughters.



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Thomas Lindenberger: Volkspolizei, Rule Practice and Public Order in the SED State 1952–1968 , Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2003, p. 77 - online
  2. Neues Deutschland , edition of July 1, 1964, p. 2.
  3. Personnel. Calling . In: Archive Messages 18, 1968, p. 216
  4. ^ Obituary by the Minister of the Interior . In: Die Volkspolizei , No. 6/1989, p. 2.