Great Monra

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Great Monra
City of Kölleda
Great Monra coat of arms
Coordinates: 51 ° 13 ′ 0 ″  N , 11 ° 18 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 185 m above sea level NN
Area : 38.92 km²
Residents : 902  (December 31, 2011)
Population density : 23 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 2012
Postal code : 99625
Area code : 03635
Großmonra (Thuringia)
Great Monra

Location of Großmonra in Thuringia

Evangelical Church of St. Peter and Paul
Evangelical Church of St. Peter and Paul

Großmonra is a district of the city of Kölleda in the Sömmerda district in Thuringia .


Großmonra is located on the southern edge of the Schmücke in the north-eastern Thuringian Basin . The Hirschbach coming from the Hohe Schrecke flows through the village, to the east is the Meisel mountain (305 m).

From the north in a clockwise direction, the following places border on Großmonra: Burgwend , Ostramondra , Backleben , Battgendorf , Beichlingen .


The local area was already settled in the Neolithic . North of the village was the prehistoric and large Wallenburg Monraburg and Wendeburg . The name Großmonra is probably derived from her. Großmonra was first mentioned as a monhore on May 1, 704 in a deed of donation from Duke Hedan II of Thuringia to the missionary and bishop Willibrord of Utrecht together with Mulenberge ( Mühlberg ) and Arnestati ( Arnstadt ) and is therefore one of the three oldest places in Thuringia .

The Bronze Age castle was fortified by the Franks and at the foot of the mountain they established a farmyard, which they called "curtis Monhore". Duke Heden, who resided in Würzburg, gave these to Bishop Willibrord of Utrecht on May 1, 704. In the 10th century the complex came to the Mainz Petersstift . The importance of the fortification waned quickly, because only the chapel was used and the stones from the other facilities were used for the construction of the nearby Beichlingen Castle. The place of the castle is now still enclosed by high earth walls. The enclosed area is 5 ha. The location of the chapel can be proven.

At the end of the 16th century, Greater Monra suffered from the plague , and in the 18th century it was hit twice by devastating fires .

In the Middle Ages, Großmonra was owned by the Archdiocese of Mainz for a long time , then the Erfurt monasteries St. Marien and St. Severi owned a lot in the place. Großmonra was a farming village, there was arable farming and cattle breeding, and at times wine was also grown. From 1688 to 1690 the current Protestant church of St. Peter and Paul was built, which has been restored several times since then.

Until 1815 the place belonged as an exclave to the administrative office of Weißensee . The decisions of the Congress of Vienna he came to Prussia and was its neighboring towns as the 1816 district Eckartsberga in the administrative district of Merseburg of the Province of Saxony assigned to which he belonged until 1944th

In 1840 Ferdinand Freiligrath got engaged to Ida Melos, a local daughter, in Großmonra . The wedding then took place in 1841 in the castle church of neighboring Großneuhausen .

On July 1, 1950, the previously independent communities of Backleben and Burgwend were incorporated.

The last renovation of the church took place in the 1990s, as well as a village renovation, expansion of roads and sewers and the construction of a new telephone network.

The community of Großmonra was incorporated into the city of Kölleda on December 31, 2012. The villages of Backleben and Burgwenden belonged to Großmonra .

Population development

Development of the population of the municipality of Großmonra:

  • 1994-1003
  • 1995-1002
  • 1996-1011
  • 1997-1012
  • 1998-1064
  • 1999-1062
  • 2000-1044
  • 2001-1045
  • 2002-1039
  • 2003 - 1038
  • 2004-1024
  • 2005 - 0997
  • 2006-987
  • 2007 - 978
  • 2008 - 954
  • 2009 - 954
  • 2010 - 947
  • 2011 - 902

Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics


The last honorary mayor, Udo Hoffmann, was elected on June 26, 2004. The honorary mayor of the district has been Katharina Sperlich since May 25, 2014, who prevailed with 259 votes against David Uschmann (214 votes).


A Monnersches Meiselmagazin appears regularly in Großmonra .



A large biogas plant was built in Großmonra .


  • Starting point and stopover for delightful hikes with a wide view of the country
  • Bike path and hiking path on the route of the former Finnebahn


  • Sports club "Am Meisel" eV

Sons and daughters


During the Second World War , men and women from Poland had to do forced labor in agriculture.

Individual evidence

  1. Georg Heinrich Pertz u. a. (Ed.): Scriptores (in folio) 23: Chronica aevi Suevici. Hanover 1874, pp. 55–56 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
  2. Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. 430 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , pp. 285-286.
  3. ^ The district of Eckartsberga in the municipality register 1900
  4. StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2012
  5. Source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics, accessed on October 11, 2018
  6. Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 280.

Web links

Commons : Großmonra  - collection of images, videos and audio files