City of Kölleda
|Height :||185 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||38.92 km²|
|Residents :||902 (December 31, 2011)|
|Population density :||23 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 2012|
|Postal code :||99625|
|Area code :||03635|
Location of Großmonra in Thuringia
Evangelical Church of St. Peter and Paul
Großmonra is located on the southern edge of the Schmücke in the north-eastern Thuringian Basin . The Hirschbach coming from the Hohe Schrecke flows through the village, to the east is the Meisel mountain (305 m).
The local area was already settled in the Neolithic . North of the village was the prehistoric and large Wallenburg Monraburg and Wendeburg . The name Großmonra is probably derived from her. Großmonra was first mentioned as a monhore on May 1, 704 in a deed of donation from Duke Hedan II of Thuringia to the missionary and bishop Willibrord of Utrecht together with Mulenberge ( Mühlberg ) and Arnestati ( Arnstadt ) and is therefore one of the three oldest places in Thuringia .
The Bronze Age castle was fortified by the Franks and at the foot of the mountain they established a farmyard, which they called "curtis Monhore". Duke Heden, who resided in Würzburg, gave these to Bishop Willibrord of Utrecht on May 1, 704. In the 10th century the complex came to the Mainz Petersstift . The importance of the fortification waned quickly, because only the chapel was used and the stones from the other facilities were used for the construction of the nearby Beichlingen Castle. The place of the castle is now still enclosed by high earth walls. The enclosed area is 5 ha. The location of the chapel can be proven.
At the end of the 16th century, Greater Monra suffered from the plague , and in the 18th century it was hit twice by devastating fires .
In the Middle Ages, Großmonra was owned by the Archdiocese of Mainz for a long time , then the Erfurt monasteries St. Marien and St. Severi owned a lot in the place. Großmonra was a farming village, there was arable farming and cattle breeding, and at times wine was also grown. From 1688 to 1690 the current Protestant church of St. Peter and Paul was built, which has been restored several times since then.
Until 1815 the place belonged as an exclave to the administrative office of Weißensee . The decisions of the Congress of Vienna he came to Prussia and was its neighboring towns as the 1816 district Eckartsberga in the administrative district of Merseburg of the Province of Saxony assigned to which he belonged until 1944th
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent communities of Backleben and Burgwend were incorporated.
The last renovation of the church took place in the 1990s, as well as a village renovation, expansion of roads and sewers and the construction of a new telephone network.
Development of the population of the municipality of Großmonra:
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The last honorary mayor, Udo Hoffmann, was elected on June 26, 2004. The honorary mayor of the district has been Katharina Sperlich since May 25, 2014, who prevailed with 259 votes against David Uschmann (214 votes).
A Monnersches Meiselmagazin appears regularly in Großmonra .
- Village church of St. Peter and Paul
- Stately courtyards and
- Half-timbered houses in a preserved village image
- Rabenswalde Castle , castle ruins
A large biogas plant was built in Großmonra .
- Starting point and stopover for delightful hikes with a wide view of the country
- Bike path and hiking path on the route of the former Finnebahn
- Sports club "Am Meisel" eV
Sons and daughters
- Johann Friedrich Jacob Reichenbach (1760–1839), German classical philologist and educator
- Georg Heinrich Pertz u. a. (Ed.): Scriptores (in folio) 23: Chronica aevi Suevici. Hanover 1874, pp. 55–56 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , )
- Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. 430 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , pp. 285-286.
- The district of Eckartsberga in the municipality register 1900
- StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2012
- Source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics, accessed on October 11, 2018
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 280.