Havelländisches Luch

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The Havelländisches Luch in the center of the Havelland; Elevation layers only for open terrain; Hills and slabs labeled red-brown, lowlands green
The Havelländisches Luch north of Nauen

The Havelländische Luch is a lowland area within the Havel arch west of Berlin and forms the core landscape of the Havelland .


It is located in the basin of the Berlin glacial valley , which arose here during the Vistula high glacial about 18,000 years ago. Its size is about 30,000  hectares .

In the east and northeast, the Havelländisches Luch borders on the Ländchen Glien , in the east on the Zehdenick-Spandauer Havelniederung , in the south on the Nauener Platte , in the west on the Rathenower Morain Area , the Ländchen Friesack and the Zootzen . In the north it is separated from the Rhinluch by the little country Bellin .


The Havelländisches Luch is mainly characterized by low peat soils and earthy peat soils that arose after the drainage. Large areas of periglacial or fluvial valley sands also emerge . Particularly in the southern area of ​​the lynx, between the Nauener Platte and the little country Friesack, parts of the ground moraine protrude through the surface of the lynx by more than ten meters. In places the valley sands were during the earlier Post überdünt . Such dune areas are, for example, some elevations near Paulinenaue in the middle and parts of the Nauen city forest on the eastern edge and the Zootzen on the northwestern edge of the lynx.

Great Havelland main canal

The Great Havelland Main Canal north of Nauen

The formerly moored valley has been meliorated since the 18th century and made usable for agriculture. Many ditches and canals run through the areas that are mostly used as arable land or grassland to regulate the water level . The most important are the Great Havelland Main Canal and the Small Havelland Main Canal . The Great Havelland Main Canal flows into the Hohennauener See or the Havel, the Small Havelland Main Canal into the Rhin . The Great Havelland Main Canal receives Havel water from the Havel Canal via the Nauen-Paretz Canal .


The natural vegetation of the lynx was characterized by waterlogging. Under such conditions, an open break landscape is created . Significantly, the Slavic word “lug” means both “swamp” and “meadow”. Until the current drainage system was built, there was a strong formation of bog . Nowadays, large-scale grassland farming characterizes the landscape. The trenches and canals are mostly lined with poplars or black alders . Occasionally there are small forests with plantation-like pure stands of gray poplars or hybrid poplars .

natural reserve

In the southwest of the Havelländisches Luchs, 5526 hectares are designated as a nature reserve and a European bird sanctuary . Together with the Fiener Bruch and the Belziger Landschaftswiesen , the nature reserve forms one of the last German refuges for the endangered Great Bustard . Water has been dammed in winter and spring since 1990, so that 200 to 300 hectares are flooded and 1000 to 1500 hectares waterlogged during this time. This creates important resting and breeding areas for bustards , ducks and cranes, among others .


Havelland cycle path in the Havelland Luch between Pessin and Senzke in winter

The Havelland Luch can be easily reached and traversed on the Havelland cycle path . The renewal of the agricultural road network has further improved cycling opportunities in recent years.

The Havelländische Luch is crossed by the high-speed railway line Hanover-Berlin . Protective measures were taken both during the construction phase from the end of 1996 and on the completed route so as not to endanger the habitat of the great bustard and other bird species.


  • Topographic map 1: 100,000, sheets C 3538 Brandenburg an der Havel and C 3542 Berlin West , both from LGB Brandenburg .


  • The coordinates refer to the village of 14715 Liepe in a central location.

Web links

Commons : Havelländisches Luch  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 52 ° 37 '  N , 12 ° 36'  E

  1. ^ Brandenburg Viewer. Retrieved August 27, 2020 .