City of WittenCoordinates: 51 ° 26 ′ 25 ″ N , 7 ° 18 ′ 31 ″ E
|Area :||5.97 km²|
|Residents :||11,674 (Jun 30, 2015)|
|Population density :||1,956 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1921|
|Postcodes :||58455, 58456|
|Area code :||02302|
Partial view of Heven-Dorf with Querenburg in the background
Heven is a district of Witten . It includes the districts of Papenholz , Hellweg, Wannen , Heven-Dorf and Lake . With 11,674 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2015), Heven Wittens is the fourth largest district.
In the so-called Werdener Urbar , Heven is first mentioned as Hevinne around the year 880. However, it is not certain whether this actually refers to the Heven district, which today belongs to Witten - or the Heven house , which is located a few kilometers from Heven in Bochum - Querenburg . The district was first reliably mentioned in the year 1000. Heven did not develop around a single courtyard or a village center, instead several small settlement centers emerged that merged into one place over time, with Heven-Dorf as the nucleus of this place can be viewed. The Dönhof in Heven is the place of origin of the later widely ramified noble family Dönhoff .
Heven belonged to the Blankenstein office in the Bochum district until 1886 and since then to the Herbede office in the Hattingen district . With the growth of the city of Witten, however, Witten and Heven moved so close together that some parts of Heven formed a unit with parts of Witten at the beginning of the 20th century and the borders between Heven and Witten were no longer recognizable. On July 1, 1921, Heven finally left the office of Herbede and became a district of Witten. Heven reached its final expansion in 1929 in the course of the municipal reform , after several districts that previously belonged to Langendreer were ceded to Witten and partially assigned to the district of Heven (e.g. Papenholz ).
See also: tubs , brine , paperboard and Kleinherbede .
Infrastructure and economy
Heven is directly connected to the German motorway network via the A43 .
Heven does not have a train station, but is connected to the city center of Witten and the cities of Bochum , Sprockhövel and Wuppertal by the tram lines 309 and 310 of the Bogestra and the bus lines SB 67, 320, 375 and 376 .
Longest tram ride in Germany
The longest tram ride in Germany can begin from the Heven-Dorf stop. Specifically, this means that the longest single route between two stops does not start from Heven, but it is possible to travel only by tram and light rail from here to St. Tönis near Krefeld , whereby the shortest route has to be changed seven times and a distance of 102 kilometers has to be covered. Detours in Gelsenkirchen, Essen, Duisburg, Düsseldorf and Neuss are also possible. The first stage leads with the 310 from Heven-Dorf to Bochum Hbf; the other stations are Gelsenkirchen, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Duisburg, Düsseldorf and Krefeld.
Ruhr Valley ferry
From April to October, the Hardenstein runs between the Hevener and Herbeder Ruhrufer near the Hardenstein castle ruins . It is a passenger ferry for pedestrians and cyclists.
Culture and sights
Heven borders the Kemnader reservoir , the Hevener Ufer, called Heveney, is a popular destination for walkers and cyclists from the region. The so-called Kemnade leisure center includes the Heveney leisure pool and a sailing school on the Hevener side . In Witten, the lake is adjacent to Heven and the Herbede district , and on the Bochum side of the Querenburg district . The lake is fed by the Ruhr , but the Oelbach is also dammed before it enters the Kemnader See and thus serves as a source.
The hoist museum in Heven-Dorf is probably the only one in the world to show the story from lever to hoist . It also documents the more than 260-year company tradition of JD Neuhaus in solutions for moving loads. JD Neuhaus is one of the oldest companies in Germany and has been family-owned since it was founded.
Heveney leisure pool
The Heveney leisure pool is located near the Kemnader reservoir , a “ fun pool ” known beyond the city limits .
TuS Heven 09 plays in Witten Heven . It has artificial turf pitches (one large and one small), each with floodlights . The Bundesliga professional Timo Achenbach began his career at TuS Heven .
- Ernst Stepperfenne (Ed.): Heven through 11 centuries. A contribution to the history of Witten . Meinerzhagener Druck- und Verlagshaus Walther Kämper, Witten 1990, ISBN 3-88913-134-4 ( table of contents [accessed on June 22, 2014]).
- Paul Brandenburg, Karl-Heinz Hildebrand: Witten. Streets, paths, squares . With a contribution to the history of Witten settlement by Heinrich Schoppmeyer (= contributions to the history of the city of Witten . Volume 1 ). VOHM , Witten 1989, ISBN 3-920611-13-6 .
- Citizens and local history association Heven - history association
- ↑ a b c Information on the area and the population of the districts ( Memento from April 11, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Rudolf Kötzschke (Ed.): Die Urbare der Abtei Werden ad Ruhr (= Publications of the Society for Rhenish History XX: Rheinische Urbare). Vol. 2: A. The land register from 9. – 13. Century. Edited by Rudolf Kötzschke, Bonn 1908, reprint Düsseldorf 1978, vol. 3: B. Stock books, lifting and interest registers from the 14th to the 17th century, Bonn 1908, reprint Düsseldorf 1978, vol. 4, I: Introduction and register . I. Name register. Edited by Fritz Körholz, Düsseldorf 1978, Vol. 4, II: Introduction, Chapter IV: The economic constitution and administration of the great manor will. Subject index. Edited by Rudolf Kötzschke, Bonn 1958
- ↑ Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 245 .
- ^ The longest tram ride in Germany ( Memento from April 19, 2013 in the Internet Archive )