John C. New

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John Chalfant New (born July 6, 1831 in Vernon , Indiana , † June 4, 1906 in Indianapolis , Indiana) was an American lawyer , banker, publisher and politician .


John Chalfant New, son of Maria C. Chalfant (1797–1878) and John Bowman New (1793–1872), was born in Jennings County several years before the economic crisis of 1837 began . His grandfather Jethro New (1757-1827) served in the Continental Army and was an advisor to General George Washington (1732-1799) during the War of Independence . New attended Bethany College in West Virginia . He studied law and graduated in 1851. After college, New worked as a lawyer, banker, and publisher. New married Melissa Beeler († 1867) in 1854. The politician Harry S. New (1858–1937) was their only known child. After the resignation of Horactio C. Newcomb (1821-1882) from his seat in the Indiana Senate , New was elected in 1863 in its former Senate seat. His choice was overshadowed by the civil war. After the death of his first wife, he married Elizabeth R. McRae. The couple had two children together.

US President Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) nominated New in 1875 as Treasurer of the United States and the US Senate confirmed him. New held the office from June 30, 1875 to July 1, 1876. In 1880 he acquired the Indianapolis Journal and became chairman of the Indiana Republican Party . He has been referred to as the Boss of Indiana Republican Politics . As chairman of the delegation of Indiana he participated in the in June 1880 Republican National Convention in Chicago ( Illinois part). Together with 25 other delegates from the Indiana delegation, he voted for James G. Blaine (1830-1893). Neither Blaine nor anyone else was able to collect enough delegates for the presidential nomination in the 33 ballots that were held. Only in the 34th ballot did 16 delegates from Wisconsin vote in favor of James A. Garfield (1831–1881), a "dark horse" candidate. Immediately at the beginning of the 35th ballot, New and the future US President Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) voted with 25 of the 30 delegates from Indiana for Garfield, which sparked a mass rush at the meeting that led to the Republican nomination of James A. Garfield for the presidential election of 1880 ended. In 1882 New was re-elected chairman of the Indiana Republican Party. He held this post until his appointment as First Assistant Secretary of the Treasury - a position he held from 1882 to 1883. Between 1889 and 1893 New was US Consul General in London ( Great Britain ). New died in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1906.


  • Biographical History of Eminent and Self-Made Men of the State of Indiana. Volume 2, Western Biographical Publishing Company, Ohio 1880, pp. 269f.
  • Jacob Piatt Dunn: Indiana and Indianans. Volume 1, The American Historical Society, Ohio 1919, p. 338.
  • Rebecca A. Shepherd, Charles W. Calhoun, Elizabeth Shanahan-Shoemaker, Alan F. January: A Biographical Directory of the Indiana General Assembly. Volume 1, Indiana Historical Bureau, Indiana 1980, p. 290.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Maria C. Chalfant New in the Find a Grave database . Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  2. ^ John Bowman New in the Find a Grave database . Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  3. Thomas C. Reeves: Gentleman Boss: The Life of Chester Alan Arthur. Alfred A. Knopf, New York 1975, p. 198.
  4. Harry J. Siever: Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier Statesman. Volume 2, American Political Biography Press, Newton, Connecticut 1958, p. 171.
  5. Allan Peskin: Garfield. Kent State University Press, Kent Ohio 1980, pp. 474ff.

Web links