The German district of Elbogen existed between 1938 and 1945. On January 1, 1945 it comprised:
- 5 cities ( Chodau , Elbogen , Lauterbach , Schlaggenwald and Schönfeld )
- 1 market ( Neusattl )
- 28 municipalities.
On December 1, 1930, the area of the Elbogen district had 40,795 inhabitants, on May 17, 1939 there were 37,393 and on May 22, 1947 19,223 inhabitants.
Around 1255 German miners from Thuringia settled in the Elbogen district. Between 1300 and 1340 Neudek Castle was built in Elbogen . Around 1300 the old (Slavic) district division , under which the area belonged to Gau Zettlitz, had expired. Emperor Charles IV divided the country of Bohemia into 13 districts . The Elbogen district (with Neudek) extends from the Pilsen district to the Upper Palatinate , the Vogtland , the Margraviate of Meissen and the Saaz district. From 1300 to 1410 Messrs. Plick ruled the Neudek.
Czechoslovakia / German occupation
In the period from October 1st to October 10th, 1938, German troops occupied this area. The political district of Loket from then on bore the former German-Austrian name Elbogen . It included the judicial district of Elbogen. Since November 20, 1938, the political district of Elbogen has been known as the "district". Until that day he was subordinate to the Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Colonel General Walther von Brauchitsch , as head of the military administration.
On November 21, the area of the Elbogen district was formally incorporated into the German Reich and became part of the administrative district of the Sudeten German Territories under Reich Commissioner Konrad Henlein .
The seat of the district administration was the city of Elbogen .
From April 15, 1939, the law on the structure of the administration in the Reichsgau Sudetenland (Sudetengaugesetz) came into force. After that, the district of Elbogen became part of the Reichsgau Sudetenland and was assigned to the new administrative district of Eger with the seat of the district president in Karlsbad .
On May 1, 1939, the partially cut districts in the Sudetenland were reorganized. Thereafter, the Elbogen district was retained within its previous boundaries.
It remained in this state until the end of World War II.
- 1939-1945: Meindl
On the day before the formal incorporation into the German Reich , namely on November 20, 1938, all municipalities were subject to the German municipal code of January 30, 1935, which provided for the implementation of the Führer principle at the municipal level. From then on, the terms customary in the previous territory of the Reich were used, namely instead:
- Local parish: Municipality,
- Market town: market,
- Municipality: City,
- Political district: District.
The previous place names continued to apply, namely in the German-Austrian version from 1918.
cities and communes
- Alt Sattl
- Doglas green
- Green glass
- New Rohlau
- Pitch green
- Raven green
- Stilt green
- Winter green
- Brick huts
- Elbogen district administrative history and the district administrators on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of August 31, 2013.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Elbogen district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).