Maximilian von Lingg

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Maximilian von Lingg

Maximilian Joseph Lingg , knight of Lingg since 1902 (born March 8, 1842 in Nesselwang , † May 31, 1930 in Füssen ), was the 78th  Bishop of Augsburg .


Max Joseph Lingg was born on March 8, 1842 as the first child of the baker Johann Georg Lingg and his wife Franziska, nee. Pfanner was born in Nesselwang in what is now the Ostallgäu district. His mother was a relative of the Trappist abbot Franz Pfanner , he himself a cousin of the epic poet and poet Hermann Lingg . After attending primary school in Nesselwang, the local pastor Heine advocated that Max Joseph could attend high school near St. Stephan in Augsburg so that he could later become a priest. In 1861 he began studying theology in Munich, where he also had contact with the later Old Catholics . During his studies he became a member of the Munich fraternity in Algovia in 1861. Despite his high church offices in Bamberg, Lingg remained associated with his fraternity for 38 years and only resigned three years before his appointment as bishop in 1898 due to “increasing liberalization” of the fraternity this off. At the beginning of the winter semester 1863/1864 he went to the Gregoriana in Rome. Repeatedly he published lyrical works. On July 22nd, 1865 he was ordained a priest in Munich and celebrated his primacy on August 27th in St. Mang's Church (Füssen) .

In 1863 he had already started a second degree in law, which he completed with a doctorate in 1869. About the temporary education of the later Alfonso XII. of Spain and various Bavarian princes, he came into contact with the Wittelsbachers , which made him professor of church history and canon law at the state Lyceum of Bamberg in 1874 . In 1877 he was raised to a real secret council by the Archbishop of Bamberg, Friedrich von Schreiber , whose confidante Lingg was, and in 1885 to monsignor . During this time he received his doctorate in theology from the University of Tübingen on the basis of various theological writings. In 1893 Lingg became the Bamberg Cathedral Provost , which meant that he had to give up his teaching activities. Despite his student days, which were comparatively liberal for the reactionary Bamberg, he was able to assert himself and was appointed bishop of Augsburg through Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria in 1902. Shortly after his appointment as bishop, Lingg was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown on October 25, 1902 and thus raised to the personal knighthood .

Bishop of Augsburg

He was ordained bishop on July 20, 1902, by the Archbishop of Munich and Freising, Franz Joseph von Stein .

Lingg served in his office for 28 years in a patriarchal and pastoral manner. Among other things, he expanded the diocese by increasing the dean's offices from forty to sixty, founded the Dillinger seminary in 1910 and a number of new churches such as the modern Herz-Jesu-Kirche in Augsburg. He also campaigned for social organizations such as Caritas or the Catholic Women's Association .

The end of the empire in 1919 led to great problems for the monarchist Lingg. After the assassination of the Bavarian Prime Minister Kurt Eisner , there was an attack on the episcopal palace, from which he only barely escaped before he had to hide in Sankt Ottilien until the end of the Soviet republic . After that, his work declined sharply. In 1927 he received the honorary citizenship of Augsburg . Lingg died in 1930 after a company trip that was too strenuous for him in Ulrichsheim, which he had founded on the former parents' estate in the Bad Faulenbach district of Füssen . Today's St. Ulrich guesthouse also includes the St. Max Church, which he donated in 1915 on the occasion of his 50th anniversary as a priest. He was transferred to Augsburg in a festive funeral procession and, as ordered in his will, buried in the St. Gertruden Chapel in Augsburg Cathedral under a simple grave slab.

Orders and decorations


Web links

Commons : Maximilian von Lingg  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. Artur Kulak (ed.), Hans-Dieter Krüger (arrangement), et al .: Community shapes - 160 years of Munich fraternity Arminia-Rhenania, Munich 2008.
predecessor Office successor
Peter von Hötzl Bishop of Augsburg
1902 - 1930
Joseph Kumpfmüller