City of Zweibrücken
|Height :||240 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||94.5 ha|
|Residents :||4471 (2005)|
|Population density :||4,731 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 1938|
|Postal code :||66482|
|Area code :||06332|
Location in Zweibrücken
Niederauerbach connects to the east of the core town of Zweibrücken. In the south, the Schwarzbach represents the development boundary. To the north, on the right side of the stream, the development extends up the valley slopes.
Extensive Roman settlement has been proven by numerous finds. During the construction of the Gewann Auf dem Kissel in 1880, an extensive late Roman burial ground from the 4th century was discovered. Valuable ceramic finds from it are now kept in the Palatinate History Museum in Speyer . A Roman military facility was in the years around 1920. In the eight excavated during the construction of a barracks. In 1948 , the well-preserved tombstone of Acaunus was found on the Scheiderberg and was dated 200 and is now in the city museum in Zweibrücken.
The written tradition begins in the 10th century. In 972, Emperor Otto I gave the meat market in Urebach to Hornbach Monastery . The place Auerbach , called Kesselauerbach , Unterauerbach and Niederauerbach since the 13th century to distinguish it from Oberauerbach , always shared the national affiliation of the city of Zweibrücken, was parish after Contwig and until the French Revolution the seat of a mayor's shop. Then he belonged to the mayor's office in Contwig. From 1888 to 1938 the place had its own municipal administration. On April 1, 1938, it was incorporated into the city of Zweibrücken.
Tourism and leisure
The old core around the Denkmalstraße still retains the village charm. Here is also the Zwingli church , built starting in 1755 by the Swedish court builder Jonas Eriksson Sundahl and named after the reformer Ulrich Zwingli . A popular excursion destination for the Zweibrückers is the Heilbachtal northeast of Niederauerbach and there especially the Ohrenkling Gorge and the Friends of Nature House of Germany's Friends of Nature . The SVN Zweibrücken , formerly SV Niederauerbach , plays in the in the 2008/2009 season Oberliga Southwest .
Economy and Infrastructure
For centuries, the well-suited clay was used for brick production, which was operated at times in large factories. After a major fire around 1965, the Weppler brickworks , the vast area of which is largely still awaiting sustainable use, was not put back into operation.
Around 1900 there was a great economic boom with the shoe industry . The world-famous Dorndorf shoes came from Niederauerbach, and their manufacturing facility at times had more than 4,500 employees. After the Second World War , there were lengthy disputes over ownership, because the " Aryanization " had forced the Jewish owners, the Langermann family, to sell well below their value. With the increasing relocation of shoe production abroad, the workforce shrank more and more, Dorndorf merged in 1970 with Servas OHG Schuhfabriken from Rodalben to form Schuh-Union AG. In 1970, the two companies were the largest German shoe manufacturers after the industry leader Salamander, with sales of around 150 million D-Mark (Dorndorf) and around 100 million EUR (Servas) . The combined annual production of the Dorndorf and Servas brands was around 100 million pairs of shoes in the year of the merger. With just a few employees, the location has only existed as a shoe trading company since 2003. Otherwise, the current owner, Rieker, is building a business park in the complex, which has already seen some successful settlement.
There are two city bus routes to the core city of Zweibrücken.
- Egon Becker (* 1936), physicist, science researcher and social ecologist
- Zweibrücken-Niederauerbach - Prot. Zwinglikirche - Plenary at the beginning of the service (video with sound)
- Information on companies and events from Niederauerbach
- Literature about Niederauerbach in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography