Paul Pott

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Advertisement Paul Potts from 1913 with his own villa at Am Südpark 35

Paul Amandus Pott (born June 17, 1882 in Cologne ; † January 31, 1966 in Cologne-Marienburg ) was a German architect .


Paul Pott was the son of the Cologne architect Jean Vincenz Pott (born October 7, 1853 in Cologne; † October 30, 1910 ibid) and Babette, b. Krahn. After graduating from the secondary school in Cologne's Humboldtstrasse, he first attended the building trade school in his hometown, which he left after taking the exam in the winter semester of 1901. As a result, he moved to the Technical University of Munich , where Carl Hocheder in particular was one of his professors. There he also met Paul Schultze-Naumburg , who had a particularly lasting influence on him both theoretically and in his work. When he returned to Cologne, the American dentist Hervey Cotton Merrill (1862–1953), who lived in the villa suburb of Marienburg , would play another key role in his life. Merrill introduced the young Paul Pott to the influential Marienburg society and sponsored him. At his suggestion, Pott also went to England to study the latest trends in country house construction and at the same time to be “interested in its Anglo-American variant”. Under Merrill's leadership, Paul Pott advanced to become the most important architect of the Cologne-Marienburg villa colony from 1908 to 1914/1915 . During this time he married in Cologne on October 19, 1912 Elisabeth Francis Helen called Elsie Francis Merrill (born March 26, 1889 in Cologne), a daughter of his mentor. The marriage was divorced on March 2, 1930 at the Cologne Regional Court . At the same time he became a member of the Association for Art in Trade and Commerce in Cologne and the German Werkbund . With the professional independence of his brother-in-law, Theodor Merrill , who was nine years his junior , the major orders for villas increasingly fell to him after 1914/1915. In 1928 Pott was one of the founders of the "Cologne Building Artists Block". Since the late 1930s and also during the war years , Pott carried out planning assignments for the Buderus plants. After the end of the war, he worked in 1950/1951, together with Gottfried Böhm - with whose father Dominikus Böhm he was friends - the development of numerous residential buildings for the British occupation. The reconstruction of the Old University (today Cologne University of Applied Sciences ) from 1955 to 1958 was his last major construction project.

“In almost all areas, Marienburg only acquired its English / Anglo-American character when Dr. Merrill had found the right husband for his daughter Elsie Francis, the architect Paul Pott, who came from a respected family of architects and real estate agents. It is astonishing how this extremely art-loving young architect, who is also involved in the Deutscher Werkbund, was able to translate the suggestions of his father-in-law, supported by travel and specialist literature, into the best English architecture. ... highlights of his skills can be found in Parkstrasse, where the Villa DuMont, built in 1914/15, attracts attention as a widely branched complex surrounded by several other Pott villas, in Leyboldstrasse, where the one used by the Belgian military today, 1912/13 built Villa Ahn, dominating an entire section of street, in the area of ​​Pferdmengesstraße / Leyboldstraße / Robert-Heuser-Straße, where Paul Pott completed a large area designed by himself with his favorite work, the Villa Deichmann (today Dr. Bscher) built in 1912/13 , or in Lindenallee, where the Villa Dr. Clouth (today Freiherr von Oppenheim) sets the English accent that is important for Marienburg. "

- The art historian Wolfram Hagspiel (1996) in a tribute to Pott, to whom he also dedicated his two-volume work on the architecture of the Marienburg district.

"Especially in the economically flourishing years before the First World War, Paul Pott fulfilled dreams of English architecture in manifold variations that could not have been better realized in the motherland of this architecture."

- Wolfram Hagspiel (2007)

Many of the building projects designed by Paul Pott, some of which were carried out by himself, have been preserved and are under monument protection . In addition to the aforementioned memberships, he was also a member of the BDA for many years .


Buildings in Cologne

  • 1908–1909: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 44, Dr. HC Merrill
  • 1908–1909: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 50, house dentist Dr. Hugo Fischer
  • 1908–1910: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 40–42, house manufacturer Fritz Vorster
  • 1909–1910: Marienburg, Lindenallee 17, Dr. HC Merrill
  • 1910–1911: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 52, house banker Arthur Deichmann
  • 1910–1911: Marienburg, Robert-Heuser-Str. 17, house manufacturer Fritz Vorster
  • around 1911: –9Marienburg, Heinrich-Lübke-Ufer 16-18, café-restaurant Rheinterrasse with tennis court on behalf of HC Merrill
  • 1911–1912: Marienburg, Am Südpark 35, villa with office wing for Paul Pott and HC Merrill
  • 1911–1912: Marienburg, Robert-Heuser-Str. 24, house of tobacco manufacturer Hugo Minderop
  • 1912–1913: Marienburg, Marienburger Str. 9, conversion for the department store owner Rudolf Cords
  • 1912–1913: Lindenthal , Haydnstr. 11, house of Prof. Dr. Interest rate
  • 1912–1913: Marienburg, Leyboldstr. 42–44 , house of the publisher Albert Ahn
  • 1913–1914: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 36, home of the wholesaler Carl Ruben
  • 1913–1914: Marienburg, Parkstr. 10, Villa Lawyer Dr. Selmar Auerbach
  • 1913–1914: Rodenkirchen , Uferstr. 28, Halbvilla Lawyer Dr. Otto Levinger
  • 1913–1914: Rodenkirchen, Uferstr. 27, Halbvilla Lawyer Adolf Alsberg
  • 1913–1914: Marienburg, Parkstr. 5 , house publisher Josef Neven DuMont
  • 1914: Deutz , Werkbund exhibition , "Colonial homestead" and dining room in the main hall-9999
  • 1914–1915: Marienburg, Lindenallee 47, Villa manufacturer Dr. Max Clouth
  • 1914–1915: Marienburg, Parkstr. 8 , Villa manufacturer Wilhelm Auerbach
  • 1920: Bayenthal , Schönhauser Str. 12. Storage building-9999
  • 1920: -9999Lindenthal, Weyerthal 90, summer house
  • 1920–1921: Riehl , Am Botanical Garden, occupation buildings
  • 1920–1921: Höhenberg , Germania settlement, settlement houses
  • 1921–1923: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 23, Villa manufacturer Hermann Hertz
  • 1921–1923: Marienburg, Lindenallee 55 (with Ludwig Paffendorf ), Villa General Manager ( 4711 ) Arthur Schütte
  • 1922–1923: Marienburg, Robert-Heuser-Str. 15, Villa Gustav Bredt (Management Board Pfeifer & Langen AG)
  • 1922–1924: Marienburg, Am Südpark 5, Erich Eliel house
  • 1923–1924: Marienburg, Bayenthalgürtel 25, Haus Schifffahrtdirektor Dr. Walter Hempel
  • 1924: -9999Marienburg, Germanicusstr. 4, widow Fritz Vorster's house, Hermine
  • 1924: -9999Marienburg, Lindenallee 47, extension of Villa Dr. Max Clouth
  • 1924: -9999Marienburg, Parkstr. 2, Villa General Director Dr. hc Franz Ott
  • 1924: -9999Bayenthal, Oberländer Ufer 54/56, double house Horn
  • around 1924: –9Marienburg, Schillingsrotter Weg 2, clubhouse of the Kölner Golf-Club e. V.
  • around 1924 –9: Altstadt-Süd , Malzbüchel 6–8, Ofenhaus Leisten
  • 1924–1925: Marienburg, Parkstr. 20 Villa Willy Bleissem (sculptor: Willy Meller , painter: Josef Mangold and Heinrich Kron)
  • 1925: -9999Bayenthal, Hermann-Löns-Straße, single-family houses
  • 1925–1926: Old Town, bridgehead competition to the Deutzer Brücke (with Willi Kleinertz)
  • 1925–1926: Bickendorf , Catholic Church competition (with W. Kleinertz)
  • 1925–1926: Marienburg, Kastanienallee 29, Villa widow Julius van der Zypen
  • 1926: -9999Bayenthal, Gustav-Heinemann-Ufer 70, Kleefisch House
  • 1926: -9999Marienburg, Goethestr. 57, garage
  • 1926: -9999Bayenthal, Schillerstr. 99, remodeling
  • 1926: -9999Bayenthal, Bernhardstr. 155, remodeling
  • 1926: -9999Mülheim, Ackerstr. 24, residential and commercial building Varnhagen
  • around 1926: Altstadt-Nord , Frankenwerft, station building of the Cologne – Düsseldorf steamship company–9
  • around 1926: –9Neustadt-Nord, Hansaring 97, Wolfferts company exhibition rooms in the Hansahochhaus
  • around 1926: –9Lindenthal, Haydnstr. 7–9, house of Prof. Dr. Interest rate (II)
  • around 1926: –9Salubra House, projection room
  • 1927: Folding rule , Protestant Church competition, 1st prize-9999
  • 1927: -9999Mülheim, Mülheim Bridge competition
  • 1927: Buchheim , Frankfurter Strasse, apartment buildings-9999
  • 1927–1928: Marienburg, Am Südpark 35, conversion and garage extension, Paul Pott's private house
  • 1927–1928: Hahnwald , Bonner Landstrasse (Haus Hevea), Landhaus Dr. Max Clouth
  • 1928: -9999Altstadt-Süd, Ulrichgasse, gym and workshops of the vocational school
  • around 1928: Dellbrück , Diepeschrather Straße, settlement of the Kriegerheimstätten building cooperative–9
  • 1928–1929: Buchforst , Heidelberger Strasse / Besselstrasse / Bunsenstrasse, housing developments with Theodor Merrill
  • 1928–1929: Bayenthal, Schönhauser Str. 2-4
  • 1929: -9999Marienburg, Remagener Str. 3, conversion of the semi-villa designed by Theodor Merrill
  • 1929: -9999Braunsfeld, Am Morsdorfer Hof 29
  • 1929–1930: Höhenhaus , Berliner Straße u. a., Neurath settlement (with A. Haug and others)
  • 1930: -9999Marienburg, Kastanienallee 27, demolition application and development planning
  • 1930: -9999Marienburg, Unter den Ulmen 43, garage for the villa of the pensioner Olga de Greiff designed by Theodor Merrill
  • 1933–1934: Marienburg, Kastanienallee 19, Villa Kaufmann Dr. Ernst Walter Heintz
  • 1934: -9999Marienburg, Marienburger Str. 50, conversion of the Villa Lohmer
  • 1934: -9999Marienburg, Marienburger Str. 43, conversion to an apartment building
  • 1935: Mülheim , Wallstr. 4, office building of the Rheinisch-Westfälische Bodenkreditbank AG-9999
  • 1935–1936: Kalk , Kalker Hauptstr. 142–148, residential and commercial buildings
  • 1936: -9999Altstadt-Süd, Steinweg 7, renovation
  • 1936: -9999Marienburg, Kastanienallee 21, application for demolition
  • 1936–1937: Neustadt-Süd , Vorgebirgstr. 18th
  • 1937–1939: Braunsfeld, Am Morsdorfer Hof 9, house brewery director Jakob Immendorf
  • 1938: -9999Marienburg, Lindenallee 70 , redesign of the dining room in Felix Brenninkmeyer's villa
  • 1939–1940: Braunsfeld, Am Morsdorfer Hof 16, house manufacturer Dr. Heinrich Bohlander
  • 1940–1941: Marienburg, Robert-Heuser-Str. 17, renovation and extension of the villa
  • 1948–1949: Marienburg, Am Südpark 29, reconstruction
  • 1950–1951: Marienburg, Am Südpark 31, renovation
  • 1950–1951: Marienburg, Am Südpark 31a, reconstruction (with Gottfried Böhm, design by Pott)
  • 1950–1951: Marienburg, Bayenthalgürtel 33a (with Gottfried Böhm, design Böhm)
  • 1950–1951: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 22 (with Gottfried Böhm, design Böhm)
  • 1950–1951: Marienburg, Pferdmengesstr. 24 (with Gottfried Böhm, design Böhm)
  • 1950–1951: Marienburg, Kastanienallee 7 (with Gottfried Böhm, design by Pott)
  • 1953: -9999Marienburg, Gustav-Heinemann-Ufer 132, reconstruction planning (not realized)
  • 1953–1954: Mülheim, Rhodiusstr. 20, reconstruction
  • 1955–1959: Neustadt-Süd, Claudiusstraße, reconstruction of the old university

Buildings outside Cologne

  • around 1909: Ratzeburg , Dr. Goecke–9
  • 1912–1914: Düren , Scharnhorststrasse 75, Haus Schüll
  • around 1913: –9Design for a manor house in the Eifel
  • 1925: Dortmund , Kronprinzenstraße 67, conversion and extension of Villa Max Klönne-9999
  • before 1926: Duisburg , draft for the Diergardt colliery–9
  • before 1926: Kronweiler an der Nahe, Gutshof Fischerhof–9
  • before 1929: –9country house in W.
  • around 1935: –9Düren, Villa Schöller
  • around 1939–1940: Hungary , major construction project
  • 1949: Wolzhausen , Jagdhaus Dr. Heinz Becker-9999
  • 1955: Wuppertal , August-Jung-Weg 8, Schmidt house-9999

See also


  • Wolfram Hagspiel : Cologne. Marienburg. Buildings and architects of a villa suburb. (= Stadtspuren, Denkmäler in Köln, Volume 8) 2 volumes, JP Bachem Verlag, Cologne 1996, ISBN 3-7616-1147-1 .
  • Wolfram Hagspiel: Buildings and architects in Braunsfeld from 1900 to the present. In: Max-Leo Schwering: Cologne. Braunsfeld Melaten. (= Publications of the Cologne City Museum, Volume 6.) Cologne City Museum, Cologne 2004, ISBN 3-927396-93-1 , pp. 271–336.
  • Wolfram Hagspiel: Marienburg. A Cologne villa district and its architectural development. (with photographs by Hans-Georg Esch) JP Bachem Verlag, Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-7616-2012-0 .
  • Wolfram Hagspiel: Villas in the south of Cologne. Rodenkirchen, Sürth, Weiss and Hahnwald. (with photographs by Hans-Georg Esch) JP Bachem Verlag, Cologne 2012, ISBN 978-3-7616-2488-3 .

Web links

Commons : Paul Pott  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, civil status archive Rhineland, civil status register, registry office Cologne old town, deaths, 1966, certificate no.236.
  2. Herbert M. Schleicher (arrangement): 80,000 death notes from Rhenish collections. Volume III Ko – Po. (Publications of the West German Society for Family Studies , registered office Cologne, No. 42), Cologne 1988, p. 95.
  3. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr Wolfram Hagspiel: Cologne. Marienburg. Buildings and architects of a villa suburb.
  4. 50 years of the state building trade school in Cologne am Rhein 1879–1929. Festschrift, Cologne 1929, p. 19, no.765.
  5. ^ Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, civil status archive Rhineland, civil status register, registry office Cologne IV, marriages, 1912, document no. 463.
  6. a b c d e f g Wolfram Hagspiel: Marienburg. A Cologne villa district and its architectural development.
  7. a b c Wolfram Hagspiel: Villas in the south of Cologne. Rodenkirchen, Sürth, Weiss and Hahnwald.
  8. a b Wolfram Hagspiel: Buildings and architects in Braunsfeld from 1900 to the present.