San Fernando (Spain)

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San Fernando municipality
coat of arms Map of Spain
San Fernando Coat of Arms
San Fernando (Spain) (Spain)
Finland road sign 311 (1994-2020) .svg
Basic data
Autonomous Community : Andalusia
Province : Cadiz
Comarca : Bahia de Cádiz
Coordinates 36 ° 28 ′  N , 6 ° 12 ′  W Coordinates: 36 ° 28 ′  N , 6 ° 12 ′  W
Height : msnm
Area : 30.65 km²
Residents : 94,979 (Jan 1, 2019)
Population density : 3,098.83 inhabitants / km²
Postal code : 11100
Municipality number  ( INE ): 11031
Website :
Location of the municipality
Map of San Fernando (Cádiz) .png

San Fernando is a port city of southern Spain in the province of Cádiz in Andalusia . It is located on a rocky island surrounded by salt marshes, the Isla de León , on the south bank of the Bay of Cádiz . The city is therefore simply called "La Isla" (the island) by the locals. It is connected to the provincial capital Cádiz, 15 km away, by a headland.

San Fernando is a naval city and owns a major Navantia shipyard . Nowadays the place can be seen more as a suburb or satellite town of Cádiz. Historically, however, San Fernando, which was called Isla de León until 1813 and then received its current name in honor of Ferdinand VII , has an important place in the history of Spain , because during the Napoleonic Wars on the Iberian Peninsula met there in 1810/11 the Cortes of Cadiz to draft the first liberal Spanish constitution . In addition, all clocks in Spain go to the Armada observatory, which is where the official time is set.


  • Town hall with remarkable facade (built in 1774 by Torcuato Cayón)
  • Castillo de San Romualdo (a 14th century castle, now in ruins)
  • Iglesia Mayor (main church, built in the late 18th century in neoclassical style)
  • Royal Armada Institute and Observatory (founded by Jorge Juan in 1753 - this is where the official time is set)
  • Teatro de las Cortes (the court theater was built in 1770 and housed the Spanish parliament in 1810 to draft the first Spanish constitution - today used as a theater again)
  • Panteón de Marinas Ilustres (a mausoleum of famous sailors, started in 1786, inaugurated in 1870 and covered in 1948)
  • Archaeological Museum
  • Botanical Garden.
  • Observatory, the southernmost in Europe

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : San Fernando, Cádiz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
  2. ^ Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon 1905