San Fernando (Spain)
|San Fernando municipality|
|coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Autonomous Community :||Andalusia|
|Comarca :||Bahia de Cádiz|
|Coordinates||36 ° 28 ′ N , 6 ° 12 ′ W|
|Height :||8 msnm|
|Area :||30.65 km²|
|Residents :||94,979 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||3,098.83 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||11100|
|Municipality number ( INE ):||11031|
|Location of the municipality|
San Fernando is a port city of southern Spain in the province of Cádiz in Andalusia . It is located on a rocky island surrounded by salt marshes, the Isla de León , on the south bank of the Bay of Cádiz . The city is therefore simply called "La Isla" (the island) by the locals. It is connected to the provincial capital Cádiz, 15 km away, by a headland.
San Fernando is a naval city and owns a major Navantia shipyard . Nowadays the place can be seen more as a suburb or satellite town of Cádiz. Historically, however, San Fernando, which was called Isla de León until 1813 and then received its current name in honor of Ferdinand VII , has an important place in the history of Spain , because during the Napoleonic Wars on the Iberian Peninsula met there in 1810/11 the Cortes of Cadiz to draft the first liberal Spanish constitution . In addition, all clocks in Spain go to the Armada observatory, which is where the official time is set.
- Town hall with remarkable facade (built in 1774 by Torcuato Cayón)
- Castillo de San Romualdo (a 14th century castle, now in ruins)
- Iglesia Mayor (main church, built in the late 18th century in neoclassical style)
- Royal Armada Institute and Observatory (founded by Jorge Juan in 1753 - this is where the official time is set)
- Teatro de las Cortes (the court theater was built in 1770 and housed the Spanish parliament in 1810 to draft the first Spanish constitution - today used as a theater again)
- Panteón de Marinas Ilustres (a mausoleum of famous sailors, started in 1786, inaugurated in 1870 and covered in 1948)
- Archaeological Museum
- Botanical Garden.
- Observatory, the southernmost in Europe
sons and daughters of the town
- Magdalena Álvarez (* 1952), politician
- Sara Baras (* 1971), flamenco dancer
- Camarón de la Isla (1950–1992), flamenco singer
- Juan Van Halen (1790–1864), General
- Anne Hidalgo (* 1959), French politician
- Antonio Lizana (* 1986), flamenco singer and saxophonist
- Niña Pastori (* 1978), flamenco singer
- Monchi (* 1968), Spanish soccer goalkeeper
- In 1996 the metal band Saurom was founded here .
- ↑ Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
- ^ Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon 1905